Simple Solution for Multi-Criteria Chinese Word Segmentation
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script Codes and corpora Dec 5, 2017
.gitignore Codes and corpora Dec 5, 2017
LICENSE
README.md
convert_corpus.py sighan2008 instructions Dec 8, 2017
make_dataset.py Codes and corpora Dec 5, 2017
model.py
official_scorer.py
statistics.py
utils.py

README.md

multi-criteria-cws

Codes and corpora for paper "Effective Neural Solution for Multi-Criteria Word Segmentation" (accepted & forthcoming at SCI-2018).

Dependency

Quick Start

Run following command to prepare corpora, split them into train/dev/test sets etc.:

python3 convert_corpus.py 

Then convert a corpus $dataset into pickle file:

./script/make.sh $dataset
  • $dataset can be one of the following corpora: pku, msr, as, cityu, sxu, ctb, zx, cnc, udc and wtb.
  • $dataset can also be a joint corpus like joint-sighan2005 or joint-10in1.
  • If you have access to sighan2008 corpora, you can also make joint-sighan2008 as your $dataset.

Finally, one command performs both training and test on the fly:

./script/train.sh $dataset

Performance

sighan2005

sighan2005

sighan2008

sighan2008

10-in-1

Since SIGHAN bakeoff 2008 datasets are proprietary and difficult to obtain, we decide to conduct additional experiments on more freely available datasets, for the public to test and verify the efficiency of our method. We applied our solution on 6 additional freely available datasets together with the 4 sighan2005 datasets.

10in1

Corpora

In this section, we will briefly introduce those corpora used in this paper.

10 corpora in this repo

Those 10 corpora are either from official sighan2005 website, or collected from open-source project, or from researchers' homepage. Licenses are listed in following table.

licence

sighan2008

As sighan2008 corpora are proprietary, we are unable to distribute them. If you have a legal copy, you can replicate our scores following these instructions.

Firstly, link the sighan2008 to data folder in this project.

ln -s /path/to/your/sighan2008/data data/sighan2008

Then, use HanLP for Traditional Chinese to Simplified Chinese conversion, as shown in the following Java code snippets:

        BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(new FileInputStream(
            "data/sighan2008/ckip_seg_truth&resource/ckip_truth_utf16.seg"
        ), "UTF-16"));
        String line;
        BufferedWriter bw = IOUtil.newBufferedWriter(
            "data/sighan2008/ckip_seg_truth&resource/ckip_truth_utf8.seg");
        while ((line = br.readLine()) != null)
        {
            for (String word : line.split("\\s"))
            {
                if (word.length() == 0) continue;
                bw.write(HanLP.convertToSimplifiedChinese(word));
                bw.write(" ");
            }
            bw.newLine();
        }
        br.close();
        bw.close();

You need to repeat this for the following 4 files:

  1. ckip_train_utf16.seg
  2. ckip_truth_utf16.seg
  3. cityu_train_utf16.seg
  4. cityu_truth_utf16.seg

Then, uncomment following codes in convert_corpus.py:

    # For researchers who have access to sighan2008 corpus, use official corpora please.
    print('Converting sighan2008 Simplified Chinese corpus')
    datasets = 'ctb', 'ckip', 'cityu', 'ncc', 'sxu'
    convert_all_sighan2008(datasets)
    print('Combining those 8 sighan corpora to one joint corpus')
    datasets = 'pku', 'msr', 'as', 'ctb', 'ckip', 'cityu', 'ncc', 'sxu'
    make_joint_corpus(datasets, 'joint-sighan2008')
    make_bmes('joint-sighan2008')

Finally, you are ready to go:

python3 convert_corpus.py
./script/make.sh joint-sighan2008
./script/train.sh joint-sighan2008

Acknowledgments

  • Thanks for those friends who helped us with the experiments.
  • Credits should also be given to those generous researchers who shared their corpora with the public, as listed in license table. Your datasets indeed helped those small groups (like us) without any funding.
  • Model implementation modified from a Dynet-1.x version by rguthrie3.