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----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Engineer: David Banks
--
-- Create Date: 15/7/2018
-- Module Name: RGBtoHDMI CPLD
-- Project Name: RGBtoHDMI
-- Target Devices: XC9572XL
--
-- Version: 1.0
--
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
library ieee;
use ieee.std_logic_1164.all;
use ieee.numeric_std.all;
entity RGBtoHDMI is
Port (
-- From Beeb RGB Connector
R0: in std_logic;
G0: in std_logic;
B0: in std_logic;
R1: in std_logic;
G1: in std_logic;
B1: in std_logic;
S: in std_logic;
-- From Pi
clk: in std_logic;
mode7: in std_logic;
mux: in std_logic;
sp_clk: in std_logic;
sp_clken: in std_logic;
sp_data: in std_logic;
-- To PI GPIO
quad: out std_logic_vector(11 downto 0);
psync: out std_logic;
csync: out std_logic;
-- User interface
version: in std_logic;
SW1: in std_logic; -- currently unused
SW2: in std_logic; -- currently unused
SW3: in std_logic; -- currently unused
link: in std_logic; -- currently unused
spare: in std_logic; -- currently unused
LED1: in std_logic -- allow it to be driven from the Pi
);
end RGBtoHDMI;
architecture Behavorial of RGBtoHDMI is
-- Version number: Design_Major_Minor
-- Design: 0 = Normal CPLD, 1 = Alternative CPLD
constant VERSION_NUM : std_logic_vector(11 downto 0) := x"021";
-- Measured values (leading edge of HS to active display)
-- Mode 0: 15.478us
-- Mode 1: 15.540us ( +1 16MHz cycles / +6 96MHz cycles)
-- Mode 2: 15.665us ( +3 16MHz cycles / +18 96MHz cycles)
-- Mode 3: 15.481us
-- Mode 4: 16.040us ( +9 16MHz cycles / +54 96MHz cycles)
-- Mode 5: 16.165us (+11 16MHz cycles / +66 96MHz cycles)
-- Mode 6: 16.044us ( +9 16MHz cycles / +54 96MHz cycles)
-- Mode 7: 17.084us
--
-- Mode 0-6 FB is 672px wide (cf 640 active pixels)
-- (ideally) 16 extra "16MHz" pixels at each side
-- 96 extra "96MHz" cycles at each side
-- i.e. 1us extra at each side
-- => start samping at 14.50us
-- == 96 * 14.50 == 1392 (must be a multiple of 8)
--
-- Mode 7 FB is is 504px wide (cf 480 active pixels)
-- (ideally) 12 extra pixels "12Mhz" pixels at each side
-- 1us extra at each side
-- start samping at 16.25us
-- == 96 * 16.25 == 1560 (must be a multiple of 8)
-- For Modes 0..6
constant default_offset_A : unsigned(11 downto 0) := to_unsigned(4096 - 640, 12);
-- Offset B adds half a 16MHz pixel
constant default_offset_B : unsigned(11 downto 0) := to_unsigned(4096 - 640 + 3, 12);
-- For Mode 7
constant mode7_offset_A : unsigned(11 downto 0) := to_unsigned(4096 - 768, 12);
-- Offset B adds half a 12MHz pixel
constant mode7_offset_B : unsigned(11 downto 0) := to_unsigned(4096 - 768 + 4, 12);
-- Sampling points
constant INIT_SAMPLING_POINTS : std_logic_vector(22 downto 0) := "01000011011011011011011";
signal shift_R : std_logic_vector(3 downto 0);
signal shift_G : std_logic_vector(3 downto 0);
signal shift_B : std_logic_vector(3 downto 0);
signal csync1 : std_logic;
signal csync2 : std_logic;
signal last : std_logic;
signal csync_counter : unsigned(1 downto 0);
-- The sampling counter runs at 96MHz
-- - In modes 0..6 it is 6x the pixel clock
-- - In mode 7 it is 8x the pixel clock
--
-- It serves several purposes:
-- 1. Counts the 12us between the rising edge of nCSYNC and the first pixel
-- 2. Counts within each pixel (bits 0, 1, 2)
-- 3. Counts counts pixels within a quad pixel (bits 3 and 4)
-- 4. Handles double buffering of alternative quad pixels (bit 5)
--
-- At the moment we don't count pixels with the line, the Pi does that
signal counter : unsigned(11 downto 0);
-- Sample point register;
--
-- In Mode 7 each pixel lasts 8 clocks (96MHz / 12MHz). The original
-- pixel clock is a regenerated 6Mhz clock, and both edges are used.
-- Due to the way it is generated, there are three distinct phases,
-- each with different rising/falling edge speeds, hence six sampling
-- points are used.
--
-- In Modes 0..6 each pixel lasts 6 clocks (96MHz / 16MHz). The original
-- pixel clock is a clean 16Mhz clock, so only one sample point is needed.
-- To achieve this, all six values are set to be the same. This minimises
-- the logic in the CPLD.
signal sp_reg : std_logic_vector(22 downto 0) := INIT_SAMPLING_POINTS;
-- Break out of sp_reg
signal delay : unsigned(3 downto 0);
signal half : std_logic;
signal offset_A : std_logic_vector(2 downto 0);
signal offset_B : std_logic_vector(2 downto 0);
signal offset_C : std_logic_vector(2 downto 0);
signal offset_D : std_logic_vector(2 downto 0);
signal offset_E : std_logic_vector(2 downto 0);
signal offset_F : std_logic_vector(2 downto 0);
-- Pipelined offset mux output
signal offset : std_logic_vector(2 downto 0);
-- Index to cycle through offsets A..F
signal index : std_logic_vector(2 downto 0);
-- Sample pixel on next clock; pipelined to reduce the number of product terms
signal sample : std_logic;
-- RGB Input Mux
signal R : std_logic;
signal G : std_logic;
signal B : std_logic;
begin
R <= R1 when mux = '1' else R0;
G <= G1 when mux = '1' else G0;
B <= B1 when mux = '1' else B0;
offset_A <= sp_reg(2 downto 0);
offset_B <= sp_reg(5 downto 3);
offset_C <= sp_reg(8 downto 6);
offset_D <= sp_reg(11 downto 9);
offset_E <= sp_reg(14 downto 12);
offset_F <= sp_reg(17 downto 15);
half <= sp_reg(18);
delay <= unsigned(sp_reg(22 downto 19));
-- Shift the bits in LSB first
process(sp_clk, SW1)
begin
if rising_edge(sp_clk) then
if sp_clken = '1' then
sp_reg <= sp_data & sp_reg(sp_reg'left downto sp_reg'right + 1);
end if;
end if;
end process;
process(clk)
begin
if rising_edge(clk) then
-- synchronize CSYNC to the sampling clock
csync1 <= S;
-- De-glitch CSYNC
-- csync1 is the possibly glitchy input
-- csync2 is the filtered output
if csync1 = csync2 then
-- output same as input, reset the counter
csync_counter <= to_unsigned(0, csync_counter'length);
else
-- output different to input
csync_counter <= csync_counter + 1;
-- if the difference lasts for N-1 cycles, update the output
if csync_counter = 3 then
csync2 <= csync1;
end if;
end if;
-- track the previous value of csync2 for falling edge detection
last <= csync2;
-- Counter is used to find sampling point for first pixel
if last = '1' and csync2 = '0' then
if mode7 = '1' then
if half = '1' then
counter <= mode7_offset_A(11 downto 7) & delay & mode7_offset_A(2 downto 0);
else
counter <= mode7_offset_B(11 downto 7) & delay & mode7_offset_B(2 downto 0);
end if;
else
if half = '1' then
counter <= default_offset_A(11 downto 7) & delay & default_offset_A(2 downto 0);
else
counter <= default_offset_B(11 downto 7) & delay & default_offset_B(2 downto 0);
end if;
end if;
elsif counter(11) = '1' then
counter <= counter + 1;
elsif mode7 = '1' or counter(2 downto 0) /= 5 then
counter(5 downto 0) <= counter(5 downto 0) + 1;
else
counter(5 downto 0) <= counter(5 downto 0) + 3;
end if;
-- Sample point offset index
if counter(11) = '1' then
index <= "000";
else
-- so index offset changes at the same time counter wraps 7->0
if counter(2 downto 0) = 6 then
case index is
when "000" =>
index <= "001";
when "001" =>
index <= "010";
when "010" =>
index <= "011";
when "011" =>
index <= "100";
when "100" =>
index <= "101";
when others =>
index <= "000";
end case;
end if;
end if;
-- Sample point offset
case index is
when "000" =>
offset <= offset_B;
when "001" =>
offset <= offset_C;
when "010" =>
offset <= offset_D;
when "011" =>
offset <= offset_E;
when "100" =>
offset <= offset_F;
when others =>
offset <= offset_A;
end case;
-- sample/shift control
if counter(11) = '0' and counter(2 downto 0) = unsigned(offset) then
sample <= '1';
else
sample <= '0';
end if;
-- R Sample/shift register
if sample = '1' then
shift_R <= R & shift_R(3 downto 1);
end if;
-- G Sample/shift register
if sample = '1' then
shift_G <= G & shift_G(3 downto 1);
end if;
-- B Sample/shift register
if sample = '1' then
shift_B <= B & shift_B(3 downto 1);
end if;
-- Output quad register
if version = '0' then
quad <= VERSION_NUM;
psync <= '0';
elsif counter(11) = '0' then
if counter(4 downto 0) = "00000" then
quad(11) <= shift_B(3);
quad(10) <= shift_G(3);
quad(9) <= shift_R(3);
quad(8) <= shift_B(2);
quad(7) <= shift_G(2);
quad(6) <= shift_R(2);
quad(5) <= shift_B(1);
quad(4) <= shift_G(1);
quad(3) <= shift_R(1);
quad(2) <= shift_B(0);
quad(1) <= shift_G(0);
quad(0) <= shift_R(0);
psync <= counter(5);
end if;
else
quad <= (others => '0');
psync <= '0';
end if;
end if;
end process;
csync <= csync1; -- output the registered version to save a macro-cell
end Behavorial;
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