Maps Java POJOs to JCR structures in a transparent and easy to configure way.
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README.markdown

Object Mapper

Mapping POJOs to JCR

Having worked with JCR based systems for a while, I could never shake off the feeling that I was writing code that would talk to the JCR and translate it into Java objects again and again. Every time I wrote a solution like this, I ended up thinking, there must be a better way to do this. At the same time, I was always fascinated by the Hibernate framework and how it offers so much amazing functionality and that gave me the initial idea to write something functionally similar but for JCR repositories. The result is the Object Mapper Framework.

What Does It Do?

The core idea is that most Java applications that interface with a JCR will eventually translate the data represented by the node structure into some kind of Java object. This translation process is often done by manually implementing that code for each involved type, which results in poorly implemented and inflexible data access code. Enter Object Mapper Framework. Object Mapper Framework gives you Java annotations to describe how you want Java objects to be mapped to JCR structures. With this mapping, Object Mapper can create proxies that will dynamically route access to mapped fields to JCR structures.

Doesn't That Exist Already?

Yes, there are a few projects that go in that same direction, however when I started creating this project I was unaware and would have done so anyways, just to learn how a framework like this is being built.

If you are interested, here's a quick and probably incomplete list of similar frameworks:

Status

The current implementation works. It's by no means perfect nor complete, but it works reliably in a larger project. See the limitations section below to get a better understanding.

Roadmap

Version 0.4.0 support for field-level intercepts

Version 0.3.0 better OSGI integration

Version 0.2.0 dynamic reference lookup

Version 0.1.0 add support for Maps

Initial support implemented, need to updated docs, add more tests.

Concepts

There's a few important building blocks in Object Mapper Framework:

Entity

An entity is a Java class that Object Mapper Framework maps to a JCR. An entity by itself does not contain information as it's merely a way to logically organize mapped fields.

At its core an Entity is a Java class adhering to the Java Beans convention:

  • No argument public constructor

  • Getters and setters

  • annotated with the org.om.core.api.annotation.Entity annotation

    @Entity public class MyPojo { }

Mapped Field

A mapped field is the most granular building block in Object Mapper. It describes a single field in an Entity and how it is to be mapped to JCR structures.

A mapped field is a basic Java field:

  • With a public getter and setter
  • Getter and setter named after Java Beans naming convention, for example if the field is called foo the getter and setter are getFoo() and setFoo().
  • No argument getter, single argument setter.
  • Optionally annotated with the org.om.core.api.annotation.Mapped annotation
  • Annotated with one of the following annotations: org.om.core.api.annotation.Property, org.om.core.api.annotation.Collection, or org.om.core.api.annotation.Id
	@Entity
	public class MyPojo {
	
		@Id
		private String id;
		
		@Property
		private int someValue;
		
		@Collection(targetType=String.class) 
		private List<String> listOfStrings;
		
		@Collection(targetType=String.class
		private Map<String, String> map;
		
		public String getId() {
			return id;
		}
		
		public int getSomeValue() {
			return someValue;
		}
	
		public List<String> getListOfStrings() {
			return listOfStrings;
		}
		
		public Map<String, String> getMap() {
			return map;
		}
	
	}

Session

The Session is the hub of all Object Mapper operations. It acts as a factory that creates entities for a given identifier. Sessions are meant to be cheap and easy to create and it's recommended to create sessions on a per unit of work basis, for example per request.

SessionFactory

The session factory is, well, a factory for session objects. A session factory holds many high level objects and as such is heavier to create than a session. Ideally there should be only one session factory per application.

Short Example

Entity

Very simple entity:

@Entity
public class MyPojo {
	
	/**
	 * ID property, used to identify an entity. 
	 */
	@Id	@Property
	private String id;
	
	/**
	 * A regular property of primitive type.
	 */
	@Property
	private String name
	
	/**
	 * Default constructor, required for creating dynamic proxies.
	 */
	public MyPojo() {
	}
	
	public String getId() { return id; }
	
	public String getName() { return name; }
}

And that's it. That's all you need.

Retrieving Entities

Retrieving instances is accomplished via a Session object. You can retrieve a session from a SessionFactory with a persistence context. In this example we'll use a JcrPersistenceContext:

PersistenceContext context = new JcrPersistenceContext(jcrSession);
SessionFactory sessionFactory = ...; // Obtain session factory

Session session = sessionFactory.getSession(context); // Get a session
String id = "/path/to/node";

MyPojo myPojo = session.get(MyPojo.class, id); // Retrieve the actual object

// And now use the object...

myPojo.getName();

Current Limitations

Method Level Intercepts

Only method level access will be intercepted and mapped to the actual persistence backend. The implemented ProxyFactory uses cglib to generate dynamic proxies. Cglib only allows for method level intercept and not field level. That means directly accessing a mapped field will not return anything as of now. To obtain a mapped property, the appropriate getter has to be used.

As soon as the core stabilizes I'll implement a ProxyFactory using a different bytecode library, maybe Javassist, that allows for field level access.

Debug Support for Mappings

Currently there's no good way to test how a mapping will translate into JCR structure.

Poor Documentation

Documentation is still in a poor state.

Performance

I haven't done any benchmarking, but currently there's some overhead in terms of how often objects are created and how mappings are read over and over again. There's no caching layer whatsoever, so it might be worth investigating how to integrate with various cache layers. Here we need to think how to seamlessly configure caching with the annotations, cache eviction strategies, etc etc.

Better Collection Support

Currently we only support java.util.List and java.util.Set. It would be nice to support Maps and clean up the collection code.

Write Support

Currently we have read-only support. Adding write support opens up a whole sleigh of new challenges, including, but not limited to: transactions, rollbacks, permissions, dirty checking, different types of proxies, etc etc. Once I feel I have a stable core that supports reading, I'll start thinking about these things.

OSGI Support

All modules produce valid and runnable OSGI bundles and there's an OSGI specific bundle that exports a session factory as an OSGI service. However, due to the more restrictive class loading, there's still issues with incorrect class references.

The current implementation works fine, but from time to time you'll have to manually refresh its packages.

Changelong

Version 0.2.0

Added support for collections with different target and implementation types, see 997bc9022ce8bc3caec9a9bb9973a9cd51e81385.

Version 0.1.0

Added support for mapping java.util.Maps.