Skip to content
This repository

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP

DEPRECATED: Base test cases to simplify testing on App Engine

branch: master
README.markdown

GAE Testbed

The full documentation for this project is located http://gaetestbed.geewax.org/index.html

Special note

Now that I work for Google, 20% of my time is spent porting GAE Testbed to be part of the Python SDK. As a result, don't expect many new features on this project...

Introduction

Writing tests for AppEngine applications seems more difficult to me than it should be. This project is a set of base test cases to make it simple to test the more complicated pieces of !AppEngine's framework (such as sending E-mail messages, the datastore, Memcache, etc).

How to get it...

$ sudo easy_install gaetestbed

How to run it...

$ nosetests --with-gae

Test Showcase

Here are a few examples of how GAETestbed makes testing the complicated parts of !AppEngine really simple.

Testing that E-mail was Sent

as seen on StackOverflow

import unittest
from gaetestbed import MailTestCase

class MyTestCase(MailTestCase, unittest.TestCase):
    def test_email_sent(self):
        send_email_to('test@example.org') # Some method that sends e-mail...
        self.assertEmailSent(to='test@example.org')
        self.assertEqual(len(self.get_sent_messages()), 1)

Testing that Memcache was Hit

import unittest
from gaetestbed import MemcacheTestCase

class MyTestCase(MemcacheTestCase, unittest.TestCase):
def test_memcache_gets_hit(self):
    self.assertMemcacheItems(0)
    self.assertMemcacheHits(0)

    add_to_memcache('something', 'something') # Add something to memcache somehow...
    self.assertMemcacheItems(1)
    self.assertMemcacheHits(0)

    get_page('/page_that_hits_memcache/')
    self.assertMemcacheItems(1)
    self.assertMemcacheHits(1)

Testing that Tasks were added to the Task Queue

import unittest
from gaetestbed import TaskQueueTestCase

class MyTestCase(TaskQueueTestCase, unittest.TestCase):
    def test_taskqueue(self):
        # Check that nothing is in the queue
        self.assertTasksInQueue(0)

        # Add something to a Queue
        add_to_taskqueue(url='/worker/dummy/')

        # Checks that there are things in the queue
        self.assertTasksInQueue()

        # Checks exactly one item in the queue
        self.assertTasksInQueue(1)

        # Checks that 1 item with the specified URL is in the queue
        self.assertTasksInQueue(1, url='/worker/dummy/')

Testing that stuff was saved to the Datastore

(Most of this is provided thanks to NoseGAE.)

import unittest
from gaetestbed import DataStoreTestCase
from myproject.models import MyModel

class MyTestCase(DataStoreTestCase, unittest.TestCase):
    def test_datastore_gets_hit(self):
        self.assertEqual(MyModel.all().count(), 0)

        MyModel(name='Name').put()
        self.assertEqual(MyModel.all().count(), 1)

    def test_datastore_still_empty(self):
        self.assertEqual(MyModel.all().count(), 0)

Optimization testing, test number of DataStore queries

from __future__ import with_statement
import unittest
from gaetestbed import DataStoreTestCase
from myproject.models import MyModel

class MyTestCase(DataStoreTestCase, unittest.TestCase):
    def test_num_queries(self):
        self.assertEqual(MyModel.all().count(), 0)

        # Check that no more than 1 query is run in this block of code
        with self.max_queries(1):
            MyModel(name='Name').put()

    def test_query_count(self):
        self.assertEqual(MyModel.all().count(), 0)

        MyModel(name='Name').put()
        self.assertEqual(MyModel.all().count(), 1)

        # Check that the number of queries total for this test case is under 100
        self.assertTrue(self.query_count < 100)

Web Testing

(Most of this is provided thanks to WebTest.)

import unittest
from gaetestbed import WebTestCase, DataStoreTestCase
from handlers import application # (application should be a WSGI app)

class MyTestCase(WebTestCase, DataStoreTestCase, unittest.TestCase):
    APPLICATION = application

    def test_get_redirects(self):
        response = self.get('/')
        self.assertRedirects(response)

    def test_post_creates_model(self):
        self.assertEqual(MyModel.all().count(), 0)

        data = {'name': 'Name'}
        response = self.post('/create-my-model/', data=data)
        self.assertRedirects(response)
        self.assertEqual(MyModel.all().count(), 1)

    def test_get_with_cookie(self):
        response = self.get('/')
        self.assertRedirects(response)

        self.set_cookie('session_id', 'secret')
        response = self.get('/')
        self.assertOK(response)

    def test_cookies_cleared_between_tests(self):
        session_id = self.get_cookie('session_id')
        self.assertEqual(session_id, None)

Mixing them All together

A "Unit" test case

UnitTestCase has all of the basics except WebTestCase. This makes it useful for testing your models and library methods.

import unittest
from gaetestbed import UnitTestCase
from myproject.models import MyModel

class MyTestCase(UnitTestCase, unittest.TestCase):
    def test_memcache_gets_hit(self):
        self.assertMemcacheHits(0)

    def test_datastore_gets_hit(self):
        MyModel(name='Name').put()
        self.assertEqual(MyModel.all().count(), 1)

    def test_email_sent(self):
        # (Send an e-mail)
        self.assertEmailSent()

A "Functional" test case

FunctionalTestCase has everything the UnitTestCase does, with the addition of WebTestCase for testing web interactions using !WebTest.

import unittest
from gaetestbed import FunctionalTestCase
from myproject.models import MyModel
from handlers import application # (application should be a WSGI app)

class MyTestCase(FunctionalTestCase, unittest.TestCase):
    APPLICATION = application

    def test_memcache_gets_hit(self):
        self.assertMemcacheHits(0)

    def test_datastore_gets_hit(self):
        MyModel(name='Name').put()
        self.assertEqual(MyModel.all().count(), 1)

    def test_email_sent(self):
        # (Send an e-mail)
        self.assertEmailSent()

    def test_get_redirects(self):
        response = self.get('/')
        self.assertRedirects(response)

    def test_post_creates_model(self):
        self.assertEqual(MyModel.all().count(), 0)

        data = {'name': 'Name'}
        response = self.post('/create-my-model/', data=data)
        self.assertRedirects(response)
        self.assertEqual(MyModel.all().count(), 1)

Dependencies

This set of cases was designed to run with NoseGAE, so to run the tests that way you'll probably want to download an install it. Additionally, to run the functional (web) tests, you'll need to grab WebTest. Both of these are easy-installable:

$ sudo easy_install nose
$ sudo easy_install nosegae
$ sudo easy_install webtest

Benefits

  • Each test is sandboxed so that you can assume all of the services are empty when you start your test. This way, there's no need to worry about cleaning up data between tests.
  • Helper assert methods that simplify testing such as assertMailSent() or assertMemcacheHits()

Feedback, etc

  • If you find a bug with the testbed, open a ticket here. All tickets are really appreciated.
  • If there's already a ticket that you'd like to see done faster, star the ticket and it will get more attention. Patches are always appreciated too :)

Thanks

  • Thanks for Jason Pellerin and Kumar McMillan for their work on Nose and NoseGAE.
  • Thanks to Ian Bicking for his work on WebTest
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.