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A state management library for react using the bleeding edge hooks feature
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README.md

React Hook Store

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A very simple and small (1k gzipped!) state management lib for React that uses the bleeding edge React's useState hook. Which basically means no magic behind the curtains, only pure react APIs being used to share state across components.

Try it on Codesandbox!

Table of Contents

⚠️ BREAKING CHANGES: Version 1.1 is not compatible with previous versions. It is easy to update your previous versions' code to work with it, though. Click here to know how.

Installation

You can install the lib through NPM or grab the files in the dist folder of this repository.

npm install --save react-hookstore

Usage

Basic

This is the most basic implementation of the library. create a store with its initial state. Later, call useStore inside components to retrieve its state and setState method. The value passed as the first argument to the setState method will be the new state. no reducer required (but you can use a reducer, see the advanced example down below).

import React from 'react';
import { createStore, useStore } from 'react-hookstore';

createStore('clickStore', 0);

function StatefullHello() {
  // just use the useStore method to grab the state and the setState methods
  const [ timesClicked, setClicks ] = useStore('clickStore');

  return (
    <div>
      <h1>Hello, component!</h1>
      <h2>The button inside this component was clicked {timesClicked} times</h2>
      <button type="button" onClick={() => setClicks(timesClicked+1)}>Update</button>
    </div>
  );
}

function AnotherComponent() {
  // you can name the state whatever you want
  const [ timesClicked ] = useStore('clickStore');
  return (
    <div>
      <h1>Hello, this is a second component, with no relation to the one on the top</h1>
      <h2>But it is still aware of how many times the button was clicked: {timesClicked} </h2>
    </div>
  )
}

Namespacing and referencing stores

It is possible to create multiple stores in an app. Stores can be referenced by using their instance that is returned by the createStore method, as well as using their name.

import React from 'react';
import { createStore, useStore } from 'react-hookstore';

const clickCount = createStore('clickCountStore', 0);
createStore('nameStore', 'John Doe');

// counter will start at 2
clickCount.setState(2);

function StatefullHello() {

  // this line will reference a store by its instance
  const [ clicks, setClicks ] = useStore(clickCount);
  // this line will reference a store by its name
  const [ name ] = useStore('nameStore');

  return (
    <div>
      <h1>Hello, {name}!</h1>
      <h2>The button inside this component was clicked {clicks} times</h2>
      <button type="button" onClick={() => setClicks(clicks+1)}>Update</button>
    </div>
  );
}

Both methods can be used and mixed according to the needs, but we recomend using the instance identifiers.

Reducer powered stores

We can delegate the state management to reducers (just like redux!) if we want.

import React from 'react';
import { createStore, useStore } from 'react-hookstore';

const todoListStore = createStore(
  'todoList',
  {
    idCount: 0,
    todos: [{ id: 0, text: 'buy milk' }]
  },
  (state, action) => {
    // when a reducer is being used, you must return a new state object
    switch (action.type) {
      case 'add':
        const id = ++state.idCount;
        return {
          ...state,
          todos: [...state.todos, { id, text: action.payload }]
        };
      case 'delete':
        return {
          ...state,
          todos: state.todos.filter(todo => todo.id !== action.payload)
        };
      default:
        return {
          ...state,
          todos: [...state.todos]
        };
    }
  }
);

function AddTodo() {
  const [state, dispatch] = useStore('todoList');
  // Let's ref the input to make it disabled while submit is being handled
  const input = React.useRef(null);

  const onSubmit = e => {
    e.preventDefault();
    const todo = input.current.value;
    input.current.value = '';
    dispatch({ type: 'add', payload: todo }, todoCreated);
  };

  const todoCreated = newState => {
    input.current.disabled = false;
    input.current.value = '';
  };

  return (
    <form onSubmit={onSubmit}>
      <input ref={input} />
      <button>Create TODO</button>
    </form>
  );
}

function TodoList() {
  const [{ todos }, dispatch] = useStore(todoListStore);
  const deleteTodo = id => dispatch({ type: 'delete', payload: id });
  return (
    <ul>
      <h2>TODOLIST</h2>
      {todos.map(todo => (
        <li key={todo.id}>
          {todo.text}{' '}
          <button onClick={() => deleteTodo(todo.id)} type="button">
            X
          </button>
        </li>
      ))}
    </ul>
  );
}

export { TodoList, AddTodo };

Methods API

createStore(name:String, state:*, reducer:Function):StoreInterface

Creates a store to be used across the entire application. Returns a StoreInterface object.

Arguments

name:String

The namespace for your store, it can be used to identify the store across the application.

state:* = {}

The store's initial state. it can be any data type. defaults to an empty object. Optional

reducer:Function

You can specify a reducer function to take care of state changes. the reducer functions receives two arguments, the previous state and the action that triggered the state update. the function must return a new state, if not, the new state will be null. Optional

getStoreByName(name:String):StoreInterface

Finds a store by its name and return its instance.

Arguments

`name:String

The name of the store.

Objects API

StoreInterface

The store instance that is returned by the createStore and getStoreByName methods.

Interface

name:String

The name of the store;

getState:Function():*

A method that returns the store's current state

setState:Function(state:*, callback:Function)

Sets the state of the store. works if the store does not use a reducer state handler. Otherwise, use dispatch. callback is optional and will receive new state as argument

dispatch:Function(action:*, callback:Function)

Dispatchs whatever is passed into this function to the store. works if the store uses a reducer state handler. Otherwise, use setState. callback is optional and will receive new state as argument

React API

useStore(identifier:String|StoreInterface):Array[state, setState|dispatch]

A function that returns a pair with the current state and a function to trigger state updates for the specified store.

Arguments

Identifier:String|StoreInterface

The store identifier. It can be either its string name or its StoreInterface instance returned by a createStore or getStoreByName method.

Migrating from v1.0 to v1.1

  • createStore now receives 3 arguments instead of an object with 3 properties.
  • the name argument is now required even if only one store is being used.
// v1.0
createStore({state: 0});
createStore({
  name: 'store',
  state: 0,
  reducer(state, action) {
    return state + action;
  }
})
// v1.1
createStore('myStore', 0);
createStore('store', 0, (state, value) => state + action);
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