Backbone plugin which provides query parameter support
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Latest commit d6fb511 Sep 14, 2015 @jhudson8 Merge pull request #106 from drarmstr/master
Decode URI components for nested object keys

I am no longer maintining this project. If anyone is interested in taking ownership if this, let me know


Copy backbone.queryparams.js to your environment and include after backbone.js.

note: Backbone now supports minimal query parameters as of 1.1.1:

Query string route syntax

Any route except those ending with a wildcard will automatically accept additional content using the '?' separator. This content is a set of key value pairs using '&' as the pair separator and '=' as the key/value separator - just like the URL query string syntax.

If a query string exists in the route hash, the routing function (defined in the routes hash) will be given an additional parameter (in last ordinal position) containing hash of the key/value data.

routes: {
	'foo/:bar': 'myRoute'
myRoute: function(bar, params) {
	// the params attribute will be undefined unless there is a route containing a query string

Example route patterns

  • #foo/abc -> myRoute( 'abc', undefined )
  • #foo/abc?foo=bar -> myRoute( 'abc', {'foo': 'bar'} )

Named route parameters

All query parameters can be passed in a single hash using the key referenced from the route definition by setting Backbone.Router.namedParameters = true.

Using the previous example route patterns, the controller function would be

myRoute( {bar: 'abc', foo: 'bar'} );

Although this is not compatible with backbone, it is very useful to prevent router function parameter overloading where you have to always consider whether the route query parameters were passed.

Nested query strings

  • Any keys containing '.' will represent a nested structure.

  • Any keys containing '[]' will assume an array structure.

  • Any values containing '|' will assume an array structure.

  • Non-array values can still contain '|' but it must be URI encoded (%7C).

  • A prefix of '|' will ensure an array in case there is only a single value.

      #foo/abc?me.fname=Joe&me.lname=Hudson -> myRoute('abc', {'me': {'fname': 'Joe', 'lname': 'Hudson'}} )
      #foo/abc?animals=cat|dog -> myRoute( 'abc', ['cat', 'dog'] )
      #foo/abc?animals=|cat -> myRoute( 'abc', ['cat'] )

Generating route with query string

You can create a route string from a route + parameter hash using the router.toFragment(route, parameters) method. It can contain a nested hash structure or arrays. ex:

var route = router.toFragment('myroute', {
	a:'l', b:{c: 'n', d:'m', e:{f: 'o'}}, array1:['p'], array2:['q', 'r'], array3:['s','t','|']

Regular Expression Routes

If you want to use this plugin with regex routes you'll need to append the query capture component (([\?]{1}.*)?) manually.

router.route(/foo\/([^\/]+)\//, 'foo:event', callback)

should be written

router.route(/foo\/([^\/]+)\/([\?]{1}.*)?/, 'foo:event', callback)

Supported Versions

This library supports Backbone 1.0.0 and 1.1.0. Backbone 1.1.0 users need to either include the backbone.queryparams-1.1-shim.js file or modify their backbone libray to remove this line from Backbone.History.prototype.navigate.

      // Strip the fragment of the query and hash for matching.
      fragment = fragment.replace(pathStripper, '');

This library can also be used when Marionette 1.2.2 (with router/appRoutes) is used on top of Backbone.