Sample use of fireside wsgi support, with clamp
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README.md
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README.md

HelloWSGI

The HelloWSGI sample project demonstrates how to use Fireside to support running Python WSGI apps in a standard Java servlet container. It uses the Clamp project to produce a single jar for inclusion in a war file. However, in the future it should be also possible to support warless deployments with containers like Jetty.

Start by installing Jython 2.7.0. Get it at the Jython website. Make sure you use the standard install, which includes running ensurepip.

Jython does not distribute the servlet classes in the installed version of Jython. So you will need to have a servlet API jar on your CLASSPATH so that Clamp can properly build. A good one to use is the one we use in Jython for building/testing: get servlet API jar.

Now that you have installed Jython 2.7.0, the pip command is now available in $JYTHON_HOME/bin. You may want to alias $JYTHON_HOME/bin/pip as jpip, or you can use pyenv to manage so that you can have a Python environment that is based on Jython, instead of CPython.

Next install the HelloWSGI depdendencies. Clamp and Fireside are essential, whereas you can use the WSGI-compliant tooling of your choice; I have simply chosen Bottle and Mako as being particularly simple. Using Jython's pip:

pip install bottle mako
pip install git+https://github.com/jythontools/clamp.git
pip install git+https://github.com/jythontools/fireside.git

Now you can build an über jar for HelloWSGI by running the install and singlejar build steps:

$ jython setup.py install singlejar

This setup will result in hellowsgi-0.1-single.jar. (The version, such as 0.1, comes from setup.py.) With the jar built, we put it in a war file with the usual layout:

.
├── META-INF
│   └── MANIFEST.MF
└── WEB-INF
    ├── lib
    │   └── hellowsgi-0.1-single.jar
    └── web.xml

Configure web.xml for the war file something like this, adding other servlets as desired, not to mention other configuration. The key piece is the entry point for Fireside is specified by wsgi.handler; simply point it to a Python callable - function, bound method - supporting the WSGI standard:

<web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
      xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
      xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd"
      version="3.0">  
        
  <servlet>
   <servlet-name>fireside</servlet-name>
   <servlet-class>org.python.tools.fireside.servlet.WSGIServlet</servlet-class>
   <init-param>
     <param-name>wsgi.handler</param-name>
     <param-value>hellowsgi.simple_app</param-value>
   </init-param>
  </servlet>

  <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>fireside</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
  </servlet-mapping>
</web-app>

It's pretty easy to do just that, especially with something like Bottle. If you look at the HelloWSGI sample code, the hellowsgi.simple_app entry point and corresponding code is defined as follows:

from bottle import Bottle, MakoTemplate, route

simple_app = app = Bottle()
hello_template = MakoTemplate('<b>Hello ${name}</b>!')
bye_template = MakoTemplate('<b>Bye ${name}</b>!')


@app.route('/hello/<name>')
def index(name):
    return hello_template.render(name=name)

@app.route('/bye/<name>')
def index(name):
    return bye_template.render(name=name)

Now that you have the pieces, pack up the war file by some means. This next step assumes everything is in the warpack directory, with the appropriate layout, and uses the jar command to construct the war file:

$ jar cf hellowsgi.war -C warpack .

Next we will run a container to serve up this war file. I have found Jetty Runner to be the easiest way to serve a war file from the command line:

$ java -jar jetty-runner.jar hellowsgi.war

You can then try out performance with Apache Benchmark:

$ ab -k -c 20 -n 50000 localhost:8080/hello/world

Here are the results I'm getting:

$ ab -k -c 20 -n 50000 localhost:8080/hello/world
This is ApacheBench, Version 2.3 <$Revision: 1554214 $>
Copyright 1996 Adam Twiss, Zeus Technology Ltd, http://www.zeustech.net/
Licensed to The Apache Software Foundation, http://www.apache.org/

Benchmarking localhost (be patient)
Completed 5000 requests
Completed 10000 requests
Completed 15000 requests
Completed 20000 requests
Completed 25000 requests
Completed 30000 requests
Completed 35000 requests
Completed 40000 requests
Completed 45000 requests
Completed 50000 requests
Finished 50000 requests


Server Software:        Jetty(9.1.2.v20140210)
Server Hostname:        localhost
Server Port:            8080

Document Path:          /hello/world
Document Length:        19 bytes

Concurrency Level:      20
Time taken for tests:   20.626 seconds
Complete requests:      50000
Failed requests:        0
Keep-Alive requests:    50000
Total transferred:      7700000 bytes
HTML transferred:       950000 bytes
Requests per second:    2424.18 [#/sec] (mean)
Time per request:       8.250 [ms] (mean)
Time per request:       0.413 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Transfer rate:          364.57 [Kbytes/sec] received

Connection Times (ms)
              min  mean[+/-sd] median   max
Connect:        0    0   0.0      0       1
Processing:     1    8 135.3      2    6774
Waiting:        1    8 135.3      2    6774
Total:          1    8 135.3      2    6774

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
  50%      2
  66%      3
  75%      3
  80%      4
  90%     13
  95%     27
  98%     46
  99%     63
 100%   6774 (longest request)

Note that the first requests will see initialization of the Jython runtime; then the requests will see JIT warmup. You can see this in a subsequent run of the ab tool:

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
  50%      1
  66%      1
  75%      2
  80%      2
  90%      2
  95%      4
  98%      6
  99%      9
 100%    131 (longest request)

and then with a third run, the JIT really has started to see warmup:

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
  50%      1
  66%      2
  75%      2
  80%      2
  90%      2
  95%      3
  98%      3
  99%      4
 100%     11 (longest request)

At some future point you might see the effects of a GC (confirmed by looking at JConsole as well). Just using the defaults in Java 7 on OS X 10.10.2, it's still quite reasonable:

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
  50%      1
  66%      2
  75%      2
  80%      2
  90%      2
  95%      3
  98%      4
  99%      5
 100%    114 (longest request)

So there you go. HelloWSGI doesn't do very much, but it does illustrate what it takes to link a standard Python WSGI app into Jython in a very simple fashion.