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This command-line tool allows you to export RDF data retrieved from a SPARQL endpoint to tensor slices in the MatrixMarket format. For each feature a matrix is written to a file named as {feature local name}.mtx. Matrices are serialized using the general coordinate format that is suitable for sparse matrices that RDF usually maps to. IRIs of entities in the matrices are written to the headers.txt file. Each IRI is written on a separate line. Line numbers are used as indices of entities in the matrices. The header can be thus used to translate the matrices to IRIs of RDF resources.


Compile with Leiningen and lein-binplus:

git clone
cd sparql-to-tensor
lein bin

This produces an executable target/sparql_to_tensor. Observe its arguments:

target/sparql_to_tensor --help

The arguments include the following:

  • -e/--endpoint: URL of the queried SPARQL endpoint, such as http://localhost:8890/sparql
  • -q/--query: A paged SPARQL query template in the Mustache syntax. The query template should use {{limit}} and {{offset}} to implement paging. This parameter may be repeated to use multiple query templates.
  • -o/--output: Path to directory where the matrices and the header will be output. If the directory does not exist, it will be created.
  • -p/--page-size (default = 10000): Page size indicating the maximum number of results retrieved in one request to SPARQL endpoint.
  • --symmetric: A flag that for each relation between A and B creates the same relation between B and A. Turned off by default.

The query templates must generate SPARQL SELECT queries that project these variables:

  • ?feature: IRI of the feature (e.g., predicate), such as <>.
  • ?s: IRI of the relation's subject
  • ?o: IRI of the relation's object
  • ?weight (optional, default = 1): Positive decimal number used as a weight of the relation.

For each feature a square matrix is created representing the adjacencies between ?s and ?o.


  • Entities identified by blank nodes are not supported. Each entity must be identified with an IRI.
  • Tested on matrices with hundreds of thousands entities. Larger matrices may be problematic to build, since they must fit into memory.


Copyright © 2017 Jindřich Mynarz

Distributed under the Eclipse Public License either version 1.0.


Export RDF from SPARQL endpoints to tensors








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