Asymmetric encrypted CouchDB documents, powered by NaCl's curve25519-xsalsa20-poly1305.
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README.md

couch-box

Asymmetric encrypted CouchDB documents, powered by NaCl's curve25519-xsalsa20-poly1305.

Build Status

couch-box uses TweetNaCl.js, a port of TweetNaCl / NaCl to JavaScript for modern browsers and Node.js by Dmitry Chestnykh (@dchest).

The use of the widely ported cryptography library NaCl makes it possible to implement this encryption schema in other, possibly more secure platforms, for example with Python and CouchDB.

⚠️ Only to play around! Not yet ready for production use.

Installation

couch-box is hosted on npm.

Node

Install via npm install couch-box

Usage

var databaseKeyPair = require('tweetnacl').box.keyPair()
// a keyPair consists of a `publicKey` and a `secretKey` (here base64 encoded):
// {
//   secretKey: 'smsDNnqeT40IfAwDw0+6x5WzDRYFv0492O/JW/s8tT0=',
//   publicKey: 'sAUGULAT5q2g6gzNMuBX1tkY/FsnoiLA/tv2XmmU2Dg='
// }

// create a box
var box = require('tweetnacl')(databaseKeyPair)

var doc = {
  _id: 'mydoc',
  // everything inside `box` gets encrypted
  box: {
    text: 'a secret text'
  },
  // nothing outside `box` will be touched by couch-box
  public: 'some public visible property'
}

// encrypt doc
box(doc)
// doc looks now like this:
// {
//   _id : 'mydoc',
//   public: 'some public visible property',
//   box: {
//     ephemeral : 'PuiUBvQY+7ZFPXXUQ1N2eNE9tgPgIkT1uWj9rpShwXY=',
//     nonce: 'zGDblW4Ov8sMKG3YcV/BISueH+REtDr3',
//     receivers: {
//       '2XiwPX1U6pKPitmhyeubV9g4YYxtIxNfMNE6B5keEmg=': {
//         nonce: 'pSquTTn+/I7REorstK6hSYeKizajtu65',
//         encryptedKey: 'GXEfX7V3IwA0izAAJ3HIRCzxDFIUfxMq82QO49ITwKzbi+S+5TanJ/9ubmxOUyBh'
//       }
//     },
//     cipher: 'D9xRZl+/k0gvdBx33CGKaGfLTH731T6jhkMXfh9GfVxETGmTcpzqSJNQ42GPzsafycpdSd7ZTTWBO2vXu06dCha/X8P8C+F6Po+LeerJhKgG'
//   }
// }

// decrypt doc
box.open(doc)
// doc has been decrypted and receiver stubs have been added
// {
//   _id : 'mydoc',
//   public: 'some public visible property',
//   box: {
//     receivers: {
//       '2XiwPX1U6pKPitmhyeubV9g4YYxtIxNfMNE6B5keEmg=': true
//     },
//     text: 'a secret text'
//   }
// }

// and later...
box.close()

Details

Each document is encrypted with its own key. For each database key which was given access to the document a permit is included in the document. This empowers the owner to grant access to other accounts on a per document basis.

Each document has its own key which is used together with Nacl secret-key authenticated encryption. The key consists of 32 random bytes.

In order to create the doc permit we

  1. Create an ephemeral key pair
  2. Create a nonce
  3. Encrypt the document key with nonce, public database key and ephemeral secret key
{
  "_id" : "a069f1041735910cf8f613d20000116b",
  "box": {
    "ephemeral" : "PuiUBvQY+7ZFPXXUQ1N2eNE9tgPgIkT1uWj9rpShwXY=",
    "nonce": "zGDblW4Ov8sMKG3YcV/BISueH+REtDr3",
    "receivers": {
      "2XiwPX1U6pKPitmhyeubV9g4YYxtIxNfMNE6B5keEmg=": {
        "nonce": "pSquTTn+/I7REorstK6hSYeKizajtu65",
        "encryptedKey": "GXEfX7V3IwA0izAAJ3HIRCzxDFIUfxMq82QO49ITwKzbi+S+5TanJ/9ubmxOUyBh"
      }
    },
    "cipher": "D9xRZl+/k0gvdBx33CGKaGfLTH731T6jhkMXfh9GfVxETGmTcpzqSJNQ42GPzsafycpdSd7ZTTWBO2vXu06dCha/X8P8C+F6Po+LeerJhKgG"
  }
}

Testing

npm test