Interactive "data cursors" (a.k.a. annotation pop-ups) for matplotlib
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README.rst

mpldatacursor

mpldatacursor provides interactive "data cursors" (clickable annotation boxes) for matplotlib.

Basic Usage

mpldatacursor offers a few different styles of interaction through the datacursor function.

As an example, this displays the x, y coordinates of the selected artist in an annotation box:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from mpldatacursor import datacursor

data = np.outer(range(10), range(1, 5))

fig, ax = plt.subplots()
lines = ax.plot(data)
ax.set_title('Click somewhere on a line')

datacursor(lines)

plt.show()
http://joferkington.github.com/mpldatacursor/images/basic.png

If no artist or sequence of artists is specified, all manually plotted artists in all axes in all figures will be activated. (This can be limited to only certain axes by passing in an axes object or a sequence of axes to the axes kwarg.)

As an example (the output is identical to the first example):

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from mpldatacursor import datacursor

data = np.outer(range(10), range(1, 5))

plt.plot(data)
plt.title('Click somewhere on a line')

datacursor()

plt.show()

Hiding Annotation Boxes and Keyboard Shortcuts

To hide a specific annotation box, right-click on it (Customizable through the hide_button kwarg). To hide all annotation boxes, press "d" on the keyboard. (Think of "delete". "h" was taken by matplotlib's default key for "home".) Hitting "d" again will re-display all of the datacursors that were hidde. To disable or re-enable interactive datacursors, press "t" (for "toggle"). Pressing "t" will prevent clicks from creating datacursors until "t" is pressed again. <shift> + <right arrow> and <shift> + <left arrow> will move the datacursor to the next or previous item in the sequence for artists that support it. At present, this is more-or-less limited to artists created with plot and scatter. These keys can be customized through the keybindings kwarg.

Controlling the Displayed Text

The displayed text can be controlled either by using the formatter kwarg, which expects a function that accepts an arbitrary sequence of kwargs and returns the string to be displayed. Often, it's convenient to pass in the format method of a template string (e.g. formatter="longitude:{x:.2f}\nlatitude{y:.2f}".format).

As an example of using the formatter kwarg to display only the label of the artist instead of the x, y coordinates:

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from mpldatacursor import datacursor

x = np.linspace(0, 10, 100)

fig, ax = plt.subplots()
ax.set_title('Click on a line to display its label')

# Plot a series of lines with increasing slopes...
for i in range(1, 20):
    ax.plot(x, i * x, label='$y = {}x$'.format(i))

# Use a DataCursor to interactively display the label for a selected line...
datacursor(formatter='{label}'.format)

plt.show()
http://joferkington.github.com/mpldatacursor/images/show_artist_labels.png

Working with Images

datacursor will also display the array value at the selected point in an image. This example also demonstrates using the display="single" option to display only one data cursor instead of one-per-axes.:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from mpldatacursor import datacursor

data = np.arange(100).reshape((10,10))

fig, axes = plt.subplots(ncols=2)
axes[0].imshow(data, interpolation='nearest', origin='lower')
axes[1].imshow(data, interpolation='nearest', origin='upper',
                     extent=[200, 300, 400, 500])
datacursor(display='single')

fig.suptitle('Click anywhere on the image')

plt.show()
http://joferkington.github.com/mpldatacursor/images/image_example.png

Draggable Boxes

If draggable=True is specified, the annotation box can be interactively dragged to a new position after creation.

As an example (This also demonstrates using the display='multiple' kwarg):

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from mpldatacursor import datacursor

data = np.outer(range(10), range(1, 5))

fig, ax = plt.subplots()
ax.set_title('Try dragging the annotation boxes')
ax.plot(data)

datacursor(display='multiple', draggable=True)

plt.show()
http://joferkington.github.com/mpldatacursor/images/draggable_example.png

Further Customization

Additional keyword arguments to datacursor are passed on to annotate. This allows one to control the appearance and location of the "popup box", arrow, etc. Note that properties passed in for the bbox and arrowprops kwargs will be merged with the default style. Therefore, specifying things like bbox=dict(alpha=1) will yield an opaque, yellow, rounded box, instead of matplotlib's default blue, square box. As a basic example:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from mpldatacursor import datacursor

fig, axes = plt.subplots(ncols=2)

left_artist = axes[0].plot(range(11))
axes[0].set(title='No box, different position', aspect=1.0)

right_artist = axes[1].imshow(np.arange(100).reshape(10,10))
axes[1].set(title='Fancy white background')

# Make the text pop up "underneath" the line and remove the box...
dc1 = datacursor(left_artist, xytext=(15, -15), bbox=None)

# Make the box have a white background with a fancier connecting arrow
dc2 = datacursor(right_artist, bbox=dict(fc='white'),
                 arrowprops=dict(arrowstyle='simple', fc='white', alpha=0.5))

plt.show()
http://joferkington.github.com/mpldatacursor/images/change_popup_color.png

Highlighting Selected Lines

HighlightingDataCursor highlights a Line2D artist in addition to displaying the selected coordinates.:

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from mpldatacursor import HighlightingDataCursor

x = np.linspace(0, 10, 100)

fig, ax = plt.subplots()

# Plot a series of lines with increasing slopes...
lines = []
for i in range(1, 20):
    line, = ax.plot(x, i * x, label='$y = {}x$'.format(i))
    lines.append(line)

HighlightingDataCursor(lines)

plt.show()
http://joferkington.github.com/mpldatacursor/images/highlighting_example.png

Installation

mpldatacursor can be installed from PyPi using easy_install/pip/etc. (e.g. pip install mpldatacursor) or you may download the source and install it directly with python setup.py install.