Calling Python from JAVA
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JPServe: Calling Python from JAVA

Jpserve provides a simple and high performance way to execute Python script in JAVA. It includes PyServe and JClient API.

  • PyServe is an execute server running on Python side and listening the execute requests from JAVA.
  • The JClient API can executes Python snippet or complete script file from java, it send the script to PyServe and get the execution result. The result is JSON format, so you can exchange the complex data between JAVA and Python flexibly.

Quick Start

Python Side

  • Install jpserve Package

    pip install jpserve
  • Start the JPServe

    >>> from jpserve.jpserve import JPServe
    >>> serve = JPServe(("localhost", 8888))
    >>> serve.start()
    INFO:JPServe:JPServe starting...
    INFO:JPServe:JPServe listening in localhost 8888


  • Prerequisites
    1. JPserve Maven package are under preparing, so before it, please download and add jpserve-jclient-0.1.0.jar to your project
    2. Jackson library is required
  • Sample code
    // init the PyServeContext, it will make a connection to JPServe
    PyServeContext.init("localhost", 8888);
    // prepare the script, and assign the return value to _result_
    String script = "a = 2\n"
                  + "b = 3\n"
                  + "_result_ = a * b";
    // sned the script to PyServe, it returns the final result
    PyResult rs = executor.exec(script);
    // check if the execution is success
    if (rs.isSuccess()) {
      System.out.println("Result: " + rs.getResult()); // get the _result_ value
    else {
      System.out.println("Execute python script failed: " + rs.getMsg());
    Result: 6

Execute Python Script File

File f = new File("src/test/java/net/xdevelop/jpclient/test/");
PyResult rs = PyServeContext.getExecutor().exec(f);

InputStream in = ClientSample.class.getResourceAsStream("");
PyResult rs = PyServeContext.getExecutor().exec(in);

Handle Complex Return Type

JPServe uses json.dumps to convert the result value to JSON string, so JAVA can deserializes the result to JAVA object.

String script = "a = 2\n"
              + "b = 3\n"
              + "_result_ = ["hello world", a, b, {"axb": a * b}]";
PyResult rs = PyServeContext.getExecutor().exec(script);

if (rs.isSuccess()) {
    System.out.println("Result: " + rs.getResult());
    Object[] rs = mapper.readValue(rs.getResult(), Object[].class);
    System.out.println("-- result after deserialized");
    System.out.println("0 str: " + rs[0]);
    System.out.println("1 int: " + rs[1]);
    System.out.println("2 int: " + rs[2]);
    System.out.println("3 map(axb): " + ((Map)rs[3]).get("axb"));
else {
  System.out.println("Execute python script failed: " + rs.getMsg());
Result: ["hello world", 2, 3, {"axb": 6}]
-- result after deserialized
0 str: hello world
1 int: 2
2 int: 3
3 map(axb): 6