Bootstrap 3 Contact Form with Google's reCaptcha
Blog Post: Bootstrap 3 Contact Form with Captcha
Follow-Up Blog Post: A Better Contact Form
A simple bootstrap 3 contact form using Google's reCAPTCHA. Submitted messages are sent to a specified email address using SMTP with support for SSL or TLS transport.
A Note On Security: PHPMailer, which this contact form is dependent on, had a major security vulnerability fixed in 5.2.20. It is recommended to update to 1.4.
|1.4.1||Bumped PHPMailer version to 5.2.21.|
|1.4||Add support for cURL when POSTing to verify reCAPTCHA.|
|1.3||Add support for Bootstrap Validator. If provided, will use it to validate contact form.|
|1.2||Replaced PHP SecureImage Captcha with Google's reCAPTCHA.|
|1.1||Used PHPMailer. Support for SSL/TLS transport. Extracted configuration values to environment variables.|
|1.0||First Version - Used PHP SecureImage and PHP mail function|
- Bootstrap 3 version >3.1
- Optional International Telephone Input (included in assets/vender/intl-tel-input/**)- This is used to validate and format the phone input field. Only need this if the phone field is present.
Setting up reCAPTCHA
You must obtain a Site Key and Secret Key from Google. The Site Key must be entered into the Contact Form HTML in the place of the text your_site_key. The Secret Key should be entered as a configuration value (see next section).
Note: Many web servers now force
allow_url_include=0 due to security concerns (see: Issue 26). reCAPTCHA verifying will use cURL is if it is installed. If you are having issues verifying reCAPTCHA, most likely you need to install cURL.
Configuration values to the contact form are passed in via Environment Variables. The following variables need to be defined:
|FEEDBACK_HOSTNAME||Host name for SMTP server|
|FEEDBACK_EMAIL||Email address to authenticate to SMTP server with|
|FEEDBACK_PASSWORD||Password to authenticate to SMTP server with|
|FEEDBACK_ENCRYPTION||If specified will use encryption. Valid values: TLS or SSL|
|RECAPTCHA_SECRET_KEY||reCAPTCHA secret key.|
|FEEDBACK_SKIP_AUTH||Optional If specified, will not authenticate with email/password|
Environment variables can be specified in a variety of ways. For example, if using Apache (and mod_env is enabled), they can be specified in .htaccess:
SetEnv FEEDBACK_HOSTNAME smtp.gmail.com SetEnv FEEDBACK_EMAIL email@example.com SetEnv FEEDBACK_PASSWORD my!password! SetEnv FEEDBACK_ENCRYPTION TLS SetEnv RECAPTCHA_SECRET_KEY 7823skdgjksd828sjdgkn
Tip: Environment Variables are used in Sendmail.php. If you don't want to use Environment Variables, you can edit sendmail.php, replacing calls to #getenv with the corresponding configuration value like in this Example Gist.
What If I Don't Want CAPTCHA?
There's a branch for that! Check out the branch: Contact Form without CAPTCHA.