get/configure system paths
Clone or download
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Permalink
Failed to load latest commit information.
examples
inc
lib/Sys
t
varlib/syspath
xt
.gitignore
Build.PL
Changes
MANIFEST
MANIFEST.SKIP
README

README

NAME

    Sys::Path - supply autoconf style installation directories

SYNOPSIS

    Paths for basic Unix installation when Perl is in /usr/bin:

        use Sys::Path;
    
        print Sys::Path->sysconfdir, "\n";
        # /etc
        print Sys::Path->datadir, "\n";
        # /usr/share
        print Sys::Path->logdir, "\n";
        # /var/log
        print Sys::Path->sharedstatedir, "\n";
        # /var/lib

    Paths for Unix when Perl is in home folder /home/daxim/local/bin:

        print Sys::Path->sysconfdir, "\n";
        # /home/daxim/local/etc
        print Sys::Path->datadir, "\n";
        # /home/daxim/local/share
        print Sys::Path->logdir, "\n";
        # /home/daxim/local/log
        print Sys::Path->sharedstatedir, "\n";
        # /home/daxim/local/lib

    Paths for MS Windows Strawberry Perl when installed to C:\Strawberry\

        print Sys::Path->sysconfdir, "\n";
        # C:\Strawberry\etc
        print Sys::Path->datadir, "\n";
        # C:\Strawberry\share
        print Sys::Path->logdir, "\n";
        # C:\Strawberry\log
        print Sys::Path->sharedstatedir, "\n";
        # C:\Strawberry\lib

DESCRIPTION

    The goal is that Sys::Path provides autoconf style system paths.

    The default paths for file locations are based on
    http://www.pathname.com/fhs/ (Filesystem Hierarchy Standard) if the
    Perl was installed in /usr. For all other non-standard Perl
    installations or systems the default prefix is the prefix of Perl it
    self. Still those are just defaults and can be changed during perl
    Build.PL prompting. After Sys::Path is configured and installed all
    programs using it can just read/use the paths.

    In addition Sys::Path includes some functions that are related to
    modules build or installation. For now there is only Module::Build
    based Module::Build::SysPath that uses Sys::Path.

BUILD TIME CONFIGURATION

        PERL_MM_USE_DEFAULT=1 perl Build.PL \
            --sp-prefix=/usr/local \
            --sp-sysconfdir=/usr/local/etc \
            --sp-localstatedir=/var/local

NOTE

    This is an experiment and lot of questions and concerns can come out
    about the paths configuration. Distributions build systems integration
    and the naming. And as this is early version things may change. For
    these purposes there is a mailing list
    http://lists.meon.sk/mailman/listinfo/sys-path.

 WHY?

    The filesystem standard has been designed to be used by Unix
    distribution developers, package developers, and system implementors.
    However, it is primarily intended to be a reference and is not a
    tutorial on how to manage a Unix filesystem or directory hierarchy.

    Sys::Path follows this standard when it is possible. Or when Perl
    follows. Perl can be installed in many places. Most Linux distributions
    place Perl in /usr/bin/perl where FHS suggest. In this case the FHS
    folders are suggested in prompt when doing `perl Build.PL`. In other
    cases for other folders or home-folder Perl distributions Sys::Path
    will suggest folders under Perl install prefix. (ex. c:\strawerry\ for
    the ones using Windows).

 PATHS

    Here is the list of paths. First the default FHS path, then (to
    compare) a suggested path when Perl is not installed in /usr.

  prefix

    /usr - $Config::Config{'prefix'}

    Is a helper function and should not be used directly.

  localstatedir

    /var - $Config::Config{'prefix'}

    Is a helper function and should not be used directly.

  sysconfdir

    /etc - $prefix/etc

    The /etc hierarchy contains configuration files. See
    http://www.pathname.com/fhs/pub/fhs-2.3.html#ETCHOSTSPECIFICSYSTEMCONFI
    GURATION.

  datadir

    /usr/share - $prefix/share

    The /usr/share hierarchy is for all read-only architecture independent
    data files. See
    http://www.pathname.com/fhs/pub/fhs-2.3.html#USRSHAREARCHITECTUREINDEPE
    NDENTDATA.

  docdir

    /usr/share/doc - $prefix/share/doc

    See "datadir"

  localedir

    /usr/share/locale - $prefix/share/locale

    See "datadir"

  cachedir

    /var/cache - $localstatedir/cache

    /var/cache is intended for cached data from applications. See
    http://www.pathname.com/fhs/pub/fhs-2.3.html#VARCACHEAPPLICATIONCACHEDA
    TA.

  logdir

    /var/log - $localstatedir/logdir

    This directory contains miscellaneous log files. Most logs must be
    written to this directory or an appropriate subdirectory. See
    http://www.pathname.com/fhs/pub/fhs-2.3.html#VARLOGLOGFILESANDDIRECTORI
    ES.

  spooldir

    /var/spool - $localstatedir/spool

    Contains data which is awaiting some kind of later processing. See
    http://www.pathname.com/fhs/pub/fhs-2.3.html#VARSPOOLAPPLICATIONSPOOLDA
    TA.

  rundir

    /var/run - $localstatedir/rundir

    This directory contains system information data describing the system
    since it was booted. See
    http://www.pathname.com/fhs/pub/fhs-2.3.html#VARRUNRUNTIMEVARIABLEDATA.

  lockdir

    /var/lock - $localstatedir/lock

    Lock files folder. See
    http://www.pathname.com/fhs/pub/fhs-2.3.html#VARLOCKLOCKFILES.

  sharedstatedir

    /var/lib - $localstatedir/lib

    The directory for installing modifiable architecture-independent data.
    See
    http://www.pathname.com/fhs/pub/fhs-2.3.html#VARLIBVARIABLESTATEINFORMA
    TION.

  srvdir

    /srv - $prefix/srv

    Data for services provided by system. See
    http://www.pathname.com/fhs/pub/fhs-2.3.html#SRVDATAFORSERVICESPROVIDED
    BYSYSTEM.

  webdir

    /var/www - $localstatedir/www

    Directory where distribution put static web files.

 HOW IT WORKS

    The heart of Sys::Path is just:

        use Config;
        if ($Config::Config{'prefix'} eq '/usr') { ... do stuff ... }

    The idea is that if the Perl was installed to /usr it is FHS type
    installation and all path defaults are made based on FHS. For the rest
    of the installations prefix and localstatedir is set exactly to
    $Config::Config{'prefix'} which is the prefix of Perl that was used to
    install. In this case sysconfdir is set to prefix+'etc'. See
    Sys::Path::SPc for the implementation.

METHODS

        prefix
        localstatedir
        sysconfdir
        datadir
        docdir
        localedir
        cachedir
        logdir
        spooldir
        rundir
        lockdir
        sharedstatedir
        webdir
        srvdir

BUILDERS/INSTALLERS helper methods

 find_distribution_root(__PACKAGE__)

    Find the root folder of a modules distribution by going up the folder
    structure.

 prompt_cfg_file_changed($src_file, $dst_file, $prompt_function)

    Will prompt if to overwrite $dst_file with $src_file. Returns true for
    "yes" and false for "no".

 changed_since_install($dest_file, $file)

    Return if $dest_file changed since install. If optional $file is set
    then this one is compared against install $dest_file checksum.

 install_checksums(%filenames_with_checksums)

    Getter and setter for files checksums recording.

SEE ALSO

    Module::Build::SysPath

AUTHOR

    Jozef Kutej, <jkutej at cpan.org>

CONTRIBUTORS

    The following people have contributed to the Sys::Path by committing
    their code, sending patches, reporting bugs, asking questions,
    suggesting useful advises, nitpicking, chatting on IRC or commenting on
    my blog (in no particular order):

        Lars Dɪᴇᴄᴋᴏᴡ 迪拉斯
        Emmanuel Rodriguez
        Salve J. Nilsen
        Daniel Perrett
        Jose Luis Perez Diez
        Petr Písař
        Mohammad S Anwar

COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

    Copyright 2009 Jozef Kutej, all rights reserved.

    This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
    under the same terms as Perl itself.