rtnetlink allows the kernel's routing tables to be read and
altered. Network routes, IP addresses, Link parameters, Neighbor setups,
Queueing disciplines, Traffic classes and Packet classifiers may all be
controlled. It is based on netlink messages.
A convenient, high-level API wrapper is available using package
rtnetlink library explicitly only exposes a limited low-level API to
rtnetlink. It is not the intention (nor wish) to create an iproute2
Debugging and netlink errors
Unfortunately the errors generated by the kernels netlink interface are not very great.
When in doubt about your message structure it can always be useful to
look at the message send by iproute2 using
strace -f -esendmsg /bin/ip
Another (and possibly even more flexible) way would be using
wireshark. nlmod is a special kernel module which allows you to
capture all netlink (not just rtnetlink) traffic inside the kernel. Be
aware that this might be overwhelming on a system with a lot of netlink
# modprobe nlmon # ip link add type nlmon # ip link set nlmon0 up
At this point use wireshark or tcpdump on the nlmon0 interface to view all netlink traffic.
Have a look at the examples for common uses of rtnetlink.
If you have any questions or you'd like some guidance, please join us on
Gophers Slack in the