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Bitwise: Fast, memory efficient bitwise operations on large binary strings

branch: master
README.md

Bitwise

Build Status

Fast, memory efficient bitwise operations on large binary strings.

Internally a bit array is represented as a ruby string with Encoding::BINARY encoding, which keeps billions of bits in a workable footprint.

  • 1,000,000 bits = 125KB
  • 10,000,000 bits = 1.25MB
  • 100,000,000 bits = 12.5MB
  • 1,000,000,000 bits = 125MB

Install

gem install bitwise

Usage

Set and unset bits:

b = Bitwise.new("\x00")

b.bits
 => "00000000"

b.set_at(1)
b.set_at(4)

b.bits
 => "01001000"

b.unset_at(1)

b.bits
 => "00001000"

b.set_at?(4)
 => true
b.unset_at?(4)
 => false

String-based accessor:

b = Bitwise.new
b.raw = "abc"

b.size
 => 3
b.bits
 => "011000010110001001100011"
b.raw.unpack('C*')
 => [97, 98, 99]

Index-based accessor:

b = Bitwise.new
b.indexes = [1, 2, 4, 8, 16]

b.bits
 => "011010001000000010000000"
b.indexes
 => [1, 2, 4, 8, 16]
b.cardinality
 => 5

b.set_at(10)

b.bits
 => "011010001010000010000000"
b.indexes
 => [1, 2, 4, 8, 10, 16]
b.cardinality
 => 6

Bit-based accessor is also provided for convenience, but be aware that it's not efficient. Use string-based accessor whenever possible.

b = Bitwise.new
b.bits = '0100100010'
b.bits
 => "0100100010000000"

NOT, OR, AND and XOR:

b1 = Bitwise.new
b2 = Bitwise.new
b1.indexes = [1, 2, 3, 5, 6]
b2.indexes = [1, 2, 4, 8, 16]

(~b1).indexes
 => [0, 4, 7]
(b1 | b2).indexes
 => [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 16]
(b1 & b2).indexes
 => [1, 2]
(b1 ^ b2).indexes
 => [3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 16]

As a bonus, Bitwise.string_not, Bitwise.string_union, Bitwise.string_intersect, and Bitwise.string_xor can be used as a standalone utility to work with any binary string.

Bitwise.string_not "\xF0"
 => "\x0F"
Bitwise.string_union "\xF0","\xFF"
 => "\xFF"
Bitwise.string_intersect "\xF0","\xFF"
 => "\xF0"
Bitwise.string_xor "\xF0","\xFF"
 => "\x0F"
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