Predict Cryptocurrency Price with Deep Learning
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Latest commit 6601257 Apr 17, 2018

Deep Learning for Cryptocurrency Price Prediction


This repo makes use of the state-of-art Deep Learning algorithm to predict the price of Bitcoin, which has the potential to generalize to other cryptocurrency. It leverages models such as CNN and RNN implemented by Keras running on top of Tensorflow. You can find more detailed illustration in this blog post.

Getting Started

To run this repo, be sure to install the following environment and library:

  1. Python 2.7
  2. Tensorflow=1.2.0
  3. Keras=2.1.1
  4. Pandas=0.20.3
  5. Numpy=1.13.3
  6. h5py=2.7.0
  7. sklearn=0.19.1

File Illustration

There are currently three different models:

  3. (1 dimensional CNN)

The validation result is plotted in:

  1. Plot_LSTM.ipynb
  2. Plot_GRU.ipynb
  3. Plot_CNN.ipynb

Data is collected from poloniex and parse to h5py file:

  1. DataCollection.ipynb
  2. PastSampler.ipynb


To run the prediction model, select one of the model. For instance,


To run iPython file, you need to run jupyter notebook

jupyter notebook

Be sure to run DataCollection.ipynb and PastSampler.ipynb first to create database for training models.

Input & Output & Loss

The input consists of a list of past Bitcoin data with step size of 256. The output is the predicted value of the future data with step size of 16. Note that since the data is ticked every five minutes, the input data spans over the past 1280 minutes, while the output cover the future 80 minutes. The datas are scaled with MinMaxScaler provided by sklearn over the entire dataset. The loss is defined as Mean Square Error (MSE).


Model #Layers Activation Validation Loss Test Loss (Scale Inverted)
CNN 2 ReLU 0.00029 114308
CNN 2 Leaky ReLU 0.00029 115525
CNN 3 ReLU 0.00029 201718
CNN 3 Leaky ReLU 0.00028 108700
CNN 4 ReLU 0.00030 117947
CNN 4 Leaky ReLU 0.03217 12356304
LSTM 1 tanh + ReLU 0.00007 26649
LSTM 1 tanh + Leaky ReLU 0.00004 15364
GRU 1 tanh + ReLU 0.00004 17667
GRU 1 tanh + Leaky ReLU 0.00004 15474
Baseline (Lag) - - - 19122
Linear Regression - - - 19789

Each row of the above table is the model that derives the best validation loss from the total 100 training epochs. From the above result, we can observe that LeakyReLU always seems to yield better loss compared to regular ReLU. However, 4-layered CNN with Leaky ReLU as activation function creates a large validation loss, this can due to wrong deployment of model which might require re-validation. CNN model can be trained very fast (2 seconds/ epoch with GPU), with slightly worse performance than LSTM and GRU. The best model seems to be LSTM with tanh and Leaky ReLU as activation function, though 3-layered CNN seems to be better in capturing local temporal dependency of data.

LSTM with tanh and Leaky ReLu as activation function.

3-layered CNN with Leaky ReLu as activation function.


Linear Regression


Regularization has been done, which can be viewed in PlotRegularization.ipynb.