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/*
PubSubClient.cpp - A simple client for MQTT.
Nick O'Leary
http://knolleary.net
*/
#include "PubSubClient.h"
#include "Arduino.h"
PubSubClient::PubSubClient() {
this->_state = MQTT_DISCONNECTED;
this->_client = NULL;
this->stream = NULL;
setCallback(NULL);
}
PubSubClient::PubSubClient(Client& client) {
this->_state = MQTT_DISCONNECTED;
setClient(client);
this->stream = NULL;
}
PubSubClient::PubSubClient(IPAddress addr, uint16_t port, Client& client) {
this->_state = MQTT_DISCONNECTED;
setServer(addr, port);
setClient(client);
this->stream = NULL;
}
PubSubClient::PubSubClient(IPAddress addr, uint16_t port, Client& client, Stream& stream) {
this->_state = MQTT_DISCONNECTED;
setServer(addr,port);
setClient(client);
setStream(stream);
}
PubSubClient::PubSubClient(IPAddress addr, uint16_t port, MQTT_CALLBACK_SIGNATURE, Client& client) {
this->_state = MQTT_DISCONNECTED;
setServer(addr, port);
setCallback(callback);
setClient(client);
this->stream = NULL;
}
PubSubClient::PubSubClient(IPAddress addr, uint16_t port, MQTT_CALLBACK_SIGNATURE, Client& client, Stream& stream) {
this->_state = MQTT_DISCONNECTED;
setServer(addr,port);
setCallback(callback);
setClient(client);
setStream(stream);
}
PubSubClient::PubSubClient(uint8_t *ip, uint16_t port, Client& client) {
this->_state = MQTT_DISCONNECTED;
setServer(ip, port);
setClient(client);
this->stream = NULL;
}
PubSubClient::PubSubClient(uint8_t *ip, uint16_t port, Client& client, Stream& stream) {
this->_state = MQTT_DISCONNECTED;
setServer(ip,port);
setClient(client);
setStream(stream);
}
PubSubClient::PubSubClient(uint8_t *ip, uint16_t port, MQTT_CALLBACK_SIGNATURE, Client& client) {
this->_state = MQTT_DISCONNECTED;
setServer(ip, port);
setCallback(callback);
setClient(client);
this->stream = NULL;
}
PubSubClient::PubSubClient(uint8_t *ip, uint16_t port, MQTT_CALLBACK_SIGNATURE, Client& client, Stream& stream) {
this->_state = MQTT_DISCONNECTED;
setServer(ip,port);
setCallback(callback);
setClient(client);
setStream(stream);
}
PubSubClient::PubSubClient(const char* domain, uint16_t port, Client& client) {
this->_state = MQTT_DISCONNECTED;
setServer(domain,port);
setClient(client);
this->stream = NULL;
}
PubSubClient::PubSubClient(const char* domain, uint16_t port, Client& client, Stream& stream) {
this->_state = MQTT_DISCONNECTED;
setServer(domain,port);
setClient(client);
setStream(stream);
}
PubSubClient::PubSubClient(const char* domain, uint16_t port, MQTT_CALLBACK_SIGNATURE, Client& client) {
this->_state = MQTT_DISCONNECTED;
setServer(domain,port);
setCallback(callback);
setClient(client);
this->stream = NULL;
}
PubSubClient::PubSubClient(const char* domain, uint16_t port, MQTT_CALLBACK_SIGNATURE, Client& client, Stream& stream) {
this->_state = MQTT_DISCONNECTED;
setServer(domain,port);
setCallback(callback);
setClient(client);
setStream(stream);
}
boolean PubSubClient::connect(const char *id) {
return connect(id,NULL,NULL,0,0,0,0,1);
}
boolean PubSubClient::connect(const char *id, const char *user, const char *pass) {
return connect(id,user,pass,0,0,0,0,1);
}
boolean PubSubClient::connect(const char *id, const char* willTopic, uint8_t willQos, boolean willRetain, const char* willMessage) {
return connect(id,NULL,NULL,willTopic,willQos,willRetain,willMessage,1);
}
boolean PubSubClient::connect(const char *id, const char *user, const char *pass, const char* willTopic, uint8_t willQos, boolean willRetain, const char* willMessage) {
return connect(id,user,pass,willTopic,willQos,willRetain,willMessage,1);
}
boolean PubSubClient::connect(const char *id, const char *user, const char *pass, const char* willTopic, uint8_t willQos, boolean willRetain, const char* willMessage, boolean cleanSession) {
if (!connected()) {
int result = 0;
if (domain != NULL) {
result = _client->connect(this->domain, this->port);
} else {
result = _client->connect(this->ip, this->port);
}
if (result == 1) {
nextMsgId = 1;
// Leave room in the buffer for header and variable length field
uint16_t length = MQTT_MAX_HEADER_SIZE;
unsigned int j;
#if MQTT_VERSION == MQTT_VERSION_3_1
uint8_t d[9] = {0x00,0x06,'M','Q','I','s','d','p', MQTT_VERSION};
#define MQTT_HEADER_VERSION_LENGTH 9
#elif MQTT_VERSION == MQTT_VERSION_3_1_1
uint8_t d[7] = {0x00,0x04,'M','Q','T','T',MQTT_VERSION};
#define MQTT_HEADER_VERSION_LENGTH 7
#endif
for (j = 0;j<MQTT_HEADER_VERSION_LENGTH;j++) {
buffer[length++] = d[j];
}
uint8_t v;
if (willTopic) {
v = 0x04|(willQos<<3)|(willRetain<<5);
} else {
v = 0x00;
}
if (cleanSession) {
v = v|0x02;
}
if(user != NULL) {
v = v|0x80;
if(pass != NULL) {
v = v|(0x80>>1);
}
}
buffer[length++] = v;
buffer[length++] = ((MQTT_KEEPALIVE) >> 8);
buffer[length++] = ((MQTT_KEEPALIVE) & 0xFF);
CHECK_STRING_LENGTH(length,id)
length = writeString(id,buffer,length);
if (willTopic) {
CHECK_STRING_LENGTH(length,willTopic)
length = writeString(willTopic,buffer,length);
CHECK_STRING_LENGTH(length,willMessage)
length = writeString(willMessage,buffer,length);
}
if(user != NULL) {
CHECK_STRING_LENGTH(length,user)
length = writeString(user,buffer,length);
if(pass != NULL) {
CHECK_STRING_LENGTH(length,pass)
length = writeString(pass,buffer,length);
}
}
write(MQTTCONNECT,buffer,length-MQTT_MAX_HEADER_SIZE);
lastInActivity = lastOutActivity = millis();
while (!_client->available()) {
unsigned long t = millis();
if (t-lastInActivity >= ((int32_t) MQTT_SOCKET_TIMEOUT*1000UL)) {
_state = MQTT_CONNECTION_TIMEOUT;
_client->stop();
return false;
}
}
uint8_t llen;
uint16_t len = readPacket(&llen);
if (len == 4) {
if (buffer[3] == 0) {
lastInActivity = millis();
pingOutstanding = false;
_state = MQTT_CONNECTED;
return true;
} else {
_state = buffer[3];
}
}
_client->stop();
} else {
_state = MQTT_CONNECT_FAILED;
}
return false;
}
return true;
}
// reads a byte into result
boolean PubSubClient::readByte(uint8_t * result) {
uint32_t previousMillis = millis();
while(!_client->available()) {
yield();
uint32_t currentMillis = millis();
if(currentMillis - previousMillis >= ((int32_t) MQTT_SOCKET_TIMEOUT * 1000)){
return false;
}
}
*result = _client->read();
return true;
}
// reads a byte into result[*index] and increments index
boolean PubSubClient::readByte(uint8_t * result, uint16_t * index){
uint16_t current_index = *index;
uint8_t * write_address = &(result[current_index]);
if(readByte(write_address)){
*index = current_index + 1;
return true;
}
return false;
}
uint16_t PubSubClient::readPacket(uint8_t* lengthLength) {
uint16_t len = 0;
if(!readByte(buffer, &len)) return 0;
bool isPublish = (buffer[0]&0xF0) == MQTTPUBLISH;
uint32_t multiplier = 1;
uint16_t length = 0;
uint8_t digit = 0;
uint16_t skip = 0;
uint8_t start = 0;
do {
if (len == 5) {
// Invalid remaining length encoding - kill the connection
_state = MQTT_DISCONNECTED;
_client->stop();
return 0;
}
if(!readByte(&digit)) return 0;
buffer[len++] = digit;
length += (digit & 127) * multiplier;
multiplier *= 128;
} while ((digit & 128) != 0);
*lengthLength = len-1;
if (isPublish) {
// Read in topic length to calculate bytes to skip over for Stream writing
if(!readByte(buffer, &len)) return 0;
if(!readByte(buffer, &len)) return 0;
skip = (buffer[*lengthLength+1]<<8)+buffer[*lengthLength+2];
start = 2;
if (buffer[0]&MQTTQOS1) {
// skip message id
skip += 2;
}
}
for (uint16_t i = start;i<length;i++) {
if(!readByte(&digit)) return 0;
if (this->stream) {
if (isPublish && len-*lengthLength-2>skip) {
this->stream->write(digit);
}
}
if (len < MQTT_MAX_PACKET_SIZE) {
buffer[len] = digit;
}
len++;
}
if (!this->stream && len > MQTT_MAX_PACKET_SIZE) {
len = 0; // This will cause the packet to be ignored.
}
return len;
}
boolean PubSubClient::loop() {
if (connected()) {
unsigned long t = millis();
if ((t - lastInActivity > MQTT_KEEPALIVE*1000UL) || (t - lastOutActivity > MQTT_KEEPALIVE*1000UL)) {
if (pingOutstanding) {
this->_state = MQTT_CONNECTION_TIMEOUT;
_client->stop();
return false;
} else {
buffer[0] = MQTTPINGREQ;
buffer[1] = 0;
_client->write(buffer,2);
lastOutActivity = t;
lastInActivity = t;
pingOutstanding = true;
}
}
if (_client->available()) {
uint8_t llen;
uint16_t len = readPacket(&llen);
uint16_t msgId = 0;
uint8_t *payload;
if (len > 0) {
lastInActivity = t;
uint8_t type = buffer[0]&0xF0;
if (type == MQTTPUBLISH) {
if (callback) {
uint16_t tl = (buffer[llen+1]<<8)+buffer[llen+2]; /* topic length in bytes */
memmove(buffer+llen+2,buffer+llen+3,tl); /* move topic inside buffer 1 byte to front */
buffer[llen+2+tl] = 0; /* end the topic as a 'C' string with \x00 */
char *topic = (char*) buffer+llen+2;
// msgId only present for QOS>0
if ((buffer[0]&0x06) == MQTTQOS1) {
msgId = (buffer[llen+3+tl]<<8)+buffer[llen+3+tl+1];
payload = buffer+llen+3+tl+2;
callback(topic,payload,len-llen-3-tl-2);
buffer[0] = MQTTPUBACK;
buffer[1] = 2;
buffer[2] = (msgId >> 8);
buffer[3] = (msgId & 0xFF);
_client->write(buffer,4);
lastOutActivity = t;
} else {
payload = buffer+llen+3+tl;
callback(topic,payload,len-llen-3-tl);
}
}
} else if (type == MQTTPINGREQ) {
buffer[0] = MQTTPINGRESP;
buffer[1] = 0;
_client->write(buffer,2);
} else if (type == MQTTPINGRESP) {
pingOutstanding = false;
}
} else if (!connected()) {
// readPacket has closed the connection
return false;
}
}
return true;
}
return false;
}
boolean PubSubClient::publish(const char* topic, const char* payload) {
return publish(topic,(const uint8_t*)payload,strlen(payload),false);
}
boolean PubSubClient::publish(const char* topic, const char* payload, boolean retained) {
return publish(topic,(const uint8_t*)payload,strlen(payload),retained);
}
boolean PubSubClient::publish(const char* topic, const uint8_t* payload, unsigned int plength) {
return publish(topic, payload, plength, false);
}
boolean PubSubClient::publish(const char* topic, const uint8_t* payload, unsigned int plength, boolean retained) {
if (connected()) {
if (MQTT_MAX_PACKET_SIZE < MQTT_MAX_HEADER_SIZE + 2+strlen(topic) + plength) {
// Too long
return false;
}
// Leave room in the buffer for header and variable length field
uint16_t length = MQTT_MAX_HEADER_SIZE;
length = writeString(topic,buffer,length);
uint16_t i;
for (i=0;i<plength;i++) {
buffer[length++] = payload[i];
}
uint8_t header = MQTTPUBLISH;
if (retained) {
header |= 1;
}
return write(header,buffer,length-MQTT_MAX_HEADER_SIZE);
}
return false;
}
boolean PubSubClient::publish_P(const char* topic, const char* payload, boolean retained) {
return publish_P(topic, (const uint8_t*)payload, strlen(payload), retained);
}
boolean PubSubClient::publish_P(const char* topic, const uint8_t* payload, unsigned int plength, boolean retained) {
uint8_t llen = 0;
uint8_t digit;
unsigned int rc = 0;
uint16_t tlen;
unsigned int pos = 0;
unsigned int i;
uint8_t header;
unsigned int len;
if (!connected()) {
return false;
}
tlen = strlen(topic);
header = MQTTPUBLISH;
if (retained) {
header |= 1;
}
buffer[pos++] = header;
len = plength + 2 + tlen;
do {
digit = len % 128;
len = len / 128;
if (len > 0) {
digit |= 0x80;
}
buffer[pos++] = digit;
llen++;
} while(len>0);
pos = writeString(topic,buffer,pos);
rc += _client->write(buffer,pos);
for (i=0;i<plength;i++) {
rc += _client->write((char)pgm_read_byte_near(payload + i));
}
lastOutActivity = millis();
return rc == tlen + 4 + plength;
}
boolean PubSubClient::beginPublish(const char* topic, unsigned int plength, boolean retained) {
if (connected()) {
// Send the header and variable length field
uint16_t length = MQTT_MAX_HEADER_SIZE;
length = writeString(topic,buffer,length);
uint16_t i;
uint8_t header = MQTTPUBLISH;
if (retained) {
header |= 1;
}
size_t hlen = buildHeader(header, buffer, plength+length-MQTT_MAX_HEADER_SIZE);
uint16_t rc = _client->write(buffer+(MQTT_MAX_HEADER_SIZE-hlen),length-(MQTT_MAX_HEADER_SIZE-hlen));
lastOutActivity = millis();
return (rc == (length-(MQTT_MAX_HEADER_SIZE-hlen)));
}
return false;
}
int PubSubClient::endPublish() {
return 1;
}
size_t PubSubClient::write(uint8_t data) {
lastOutActivity = millis();
return _client->write(data);
}
size_t PubSubClient::write(const uint8_t *buffer, size_t size) {
lastOutActivity = millis();
return _client->write(buffer,size);
}
size_t PubSubClient::buildHeader(uint8_t header, uint8_t* buf, uint16_t length) {
uint8_t lenBuf[4];
uint8_t llen = 0;
uint8_t digit;
uint8_t pos = 0;
uint16_t len = length;
do {
digit = len % 128;
len = len / 128;
if (len > 0) {
digit |= 0x80;
}
lenBuf[pos++] = digit;
llen++;
} while(len>0);
buf[4-llen] = header;
for (int i=0;i<llen;i++) {
buf[MQTT_MAX_HEADER_SIZE-llen+i] = lenBuf[i];
}
return llen+1; // Full header size is variable length bit plus the 1-byte fixed header
}
boolean PubSubClient::write(uint8_t header, uint8_t* buf, uint16_t length) {
uint16_t rc;
uint8_t hlen = buildHeader(header, buf, length);
#ifdef MQTT_MAX_TRANSFER_SIZE
uint8_t* writeBuf = buf+(MQTT_MAX_HEADER_SIZE-hlen);
uint16_t bytesRemaining = length+hlen; //Match the length type
uint8_t bytesToWrite;
boolean result = true;
while((bytesRemaining > 0) && result) {
bytesToWrite = (bytesRemaining > MQTT_MAX_TRANSFER_SIZE)?MQTT_MAX_TRANSFER_SIZE:bytesRemaining;
rc = _client->write(writeBuf,bytesToWrite);
result = (rc == bytesToWrite);
bytesRemaining -= rc;
writeBuf += rc;
}
return result;
#else
rc = _client->write(buf+(MQTT_MAX_HEADER_SIZE-hlen),length+hlen);
lastOutActivity = millis();
return (rc == hlen+length);
#endif
}
boolean PubSubClient::subscribe(const char* topic) {
return subscribe(topic, 0);
}
boolean PubSubClient::subscribe(const char* topic, uint8_t qos) {
if (qos > 1) {
return false;
}
if (MQTT_MAX_PACKET_SIZE < 9 + strlen(topic)) {
// Too long
return false;
}
if (connected()) {
// Leave room in the buffer for header and variable length field
uint16_t length = MQTT_MAX_HEADER_SIZE;
nextMsgId++;
if (nextMsgId == 0) {
nextMsgId = 1;
}
buffer[length++] = (nextMsgId >> 8);
buffer[length++] = (nextMsgId & 0xFF);
length = writeString((char*)topic, buffer,length);
buffer[length++] = qos;
return write(MQTTSUBSCRIBE|MQTTQOS1,buffer,length-MQTT_MAX_HEADER_SIZE);
}
return false;
}
boolean PubSubClient::unsubscribe(const char* topic) {
if (MQTT_MAX_PACKET_SIZE < 9 + strlen(topic)) {
// Too long
return false;
}
if (connected()) {
uint16_t length = MQTT_MAX_HEADER_SIZE;
nextMsgId++;
if (nextMsgId == 0) {
nextMsgId = 1;
}
buffer[length++] = (nextMsgId >> 8);
buffer[length++] = (nextMsgId & 0xFF);
length = writeString(topic, buffer,length);
return write(MQTTUNSUBSCRIBE|MQTTQOS1,buffer,length-MQTT_MAX_HEADER_SIZE);
}
return false;
}
void PubSubClient::disconnect() {
buffer[0] = MQTTDISCONNECT;
buffer[1] = 0;
_client->write(buffer,2);
_state = MQTT_DISCONNECTED;
_client->flush();
_client->stop();
lastInActivity = lastOutActivity = millis();
}
uint16_t PubSubClient::writeString(const char* string, uint8_t* buf, uint16_t pos) {
const char* idp = string;
uint16_t i = 0;
pos += 2;
while (*idp) {
buf[pos++] = *idp++;
i++;
}
buf[pos-i-2] = (i >> 8);
buf[pos-i-1] = (i & 0xFF);
return pos;
}
boolean PubSubClient::connected() {
boolean rc;
if (_client == NULL ) {
rc = false;
} else {
rc = (int)_client->connected();
if (!rc) {
if (this->_state == MQTT_CONNECTED) {
this->_state = MQTT_CONNECTION_LOST;
_client->flush();
_client->stop();
}
}
}
return rc;
}
PubSubClient& PubSubClient::setServer(uint8_t * ip, uint16_t port) {
IPAddress addr(ip[0],ip[1],ip[2],ip[3]);
return setServer(addr,port);
}
PubSubClient& PubSubClient::setServer(IPAddress ip, uint16_t port) {
this->ip = ip;
this->port = port;
this->domain = NULL;
return *this;
}
PubSubClient& PubSubClient::setServer(const char * domain, uint16_t port) {
this->domain = domain;
this->port = port;
return *this;
}
PubSubClient& PubSubClient::setCallback(MQTT_CALLBACK_SIGNATURE) {
this->callback = callback;
return *this;
}
PubSubClient& PubSubClient::setClient(Client& client){
this->_client = &client;
return *this;
}
PubSubClient& PubSubClient::setStream(Stream& stream){
this->stream = &stream;
return *this;
}
int PubSubClient::state() {
return this->_state;
}
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