async.el is a module for doing asynchronous processing in Emacs. The interface is intended to be very easy to use:
async-start START-FUNC FINISH-FUNC
Execute START-FUNC (often a lambda) in a subordinate Emacs process. When done, the return value is passed to FINISH-FUNC. Example:
(async-start ;; What to do in the child process (lambda () (message "This is a test") (sleep-for 3) 222) ;; What to do when it finishes (lambda (result) (message "Async process done, result should be 222: %s" result)))
If FINISH-FUNC is nil or missing, a future is returned that can be inspected using `async-get', blocking until the value is ready. Example:
(let ((proc (async-start ;; What to do in the child process (lambda () (message "This is a test") (sleep-for 3) 222)))) (message "I'm going to do some work here") ;; .... (message "Waiting on async process, result should be 222: %s" (async-get proc)))
If you don't want to use a callback, and you don't care about any return value
form the child process, pass the
ignore' symbol as the second argument (if you don't, and never callasync-get', it will leave emacs process buffers
(async-start (lambda () (delete-file "a remote file on a slow link" nil)) 'ignore)
Note: Even when FINISH-FUNC is present, a future is still returned except that
it yields no value (since the value is passed to FINISH-FUNC). Call
async-get' on such a future always returns nil. It can still be useful, however, as an argument toasync-ready' or `async-wait'.
async-start-process NAME PROGRAM FINISH-FUNC &rest PROGRAM-ARGS
Start the executable PROGRAM asynchronously. See `async-start'. PROGRAM is passed PROGRAM-ARGS, calling FINISH-FUNC with the process object when done. If FINISH-FUNC is nil, the future object will return the process object when the program is finished.
Get the value from an asynchronously function when it is ready. FUTURE is
async-start' orasync-start-process' when its FINISH-FUNC is
Query a FUTURE to see if the ready is ready -- i.e., if no blocking would result from a call to `async-get' on that FUTURE.
Wait for FUTURE to become ready.
async-inject-variables INCLUDE-REGEXP &optional PREDICATE EXCLUDE-REGEXP
Return a `setq' form that replicates part of the calling environment. It sets the value for every variable matching INCLUDE-REGEXP and also PREDICATE. It will not perform injection for any variable matching EXCLUDE-REGEXP (if present). It is intended to be used as follows:
(async-start `(lambda () (require 'smtpmail) (with-temp-buffer (insert ,(buffer-substring-no-properties (point-min) (point-max))) ;; Pass in the variable environment for smtpmail ,(async-inject-variables "\\`\\(smtpmail\\|\\(user-\\)?mail\\)-") (smtpmail-send-it))) 'ignore)