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Some common notes/FAQs: ====================== * when vserver startup/shutdown fails, or when you get | Error: /proc must be mounted errors, make sure, that 'vprocunhide' was executed. When installing 'util-vserver' with packagemanagement, an appropriate initscript should be installed * the name of old-style vservers is shown on 2.4 kernels only; the needed functionality is not implemented for 2.6 kernels. Some distribution specific notes: ================================= Red Hat 7.3, Red Hat 9, Fedora Core 1&2 --------------------------------------- * tested and running successfully as host and guest systems * it is *strongly* suggested to use the rpm packages which can be created from the tarball with | $ rpmbuild -tb util-vserver-<version>.tar.bz2 For distributions below Fedora Core 2, additional | --without dietlibc --without xalan flags are required for the 'rpmbuild' command. Builds on Red Hat 7.3 will require a | --nodeps also, since 'vconfig' is not available there. Since it is required for path-detection only and paths from RH systems will be assumed by default, this should not be a big problem. * guest systems can be created with the 'apt-rpm' or 'yum' build-methods. The first one requires the 'apt' package e.g. from http://fedora.us and the configuration of a near mirror in | /etc/vservers/.distributions/<id>/apt/sources.list (To avoid slashdotting by the masses of util-vserver-users, there does not exist a standard mirror). The 'yum' method uses the repository configuration shipped by the fedora-release package. * RH/FC uses the 'sysv' initstyle which is assumed by default * when having existing vservers with RH 9 or Fedora Core 1, the startup of the vserver will probably fail. You will have to add | true to etc/rc.d/rc (within the vserver root directory) * when having RH/FC guestsystems, it is *strongly* recommended to use a dietlibc linked version of 'rpm-fake-resolver'. Else, package installation with 'vrpm', 'vapt-get' or 'vyum' can fail since users can not be resolved. Debian Woody & Sarge -------------------- * tested and running successfully as guest systems on FC1/FC2 hosts * guest systems can be created with the 'debootstrap' method. When not already existing, the needed package will be downloaded automatically. Since it is updated very often, it can happen that a '404 Not found' error occurs; in this case look either for a newer util-vserver package, or configure the new URI e.g. with | echo 'http://ftp.debian.org/debian/pool/main/d/debootstrap/debootstrap_<version>_i386.deb' \ | >/etc/vservers/.defaults/apps/debootstrap/uri You can download a local copy of this tarball also, and register it with | echo '/<path-to-the-tarball>' \ | >/etc/vservers/.defaults/apps/debootstrap/uri * it is known, that warning messages will be created at startup and shutdown of guest servers. This is non fatal and can be ignored * Debian guest systems are running fine with the 'sysv' initstyle; success with 'plain' was reported also * no packages for Debian hosts are known at time of writing (May 2004) Gentoo ------ * Gentoo guest systems are very complicated and are requiring lots of modifications in the initscripts. Currently, no step-by-step guide can be provided * 'sysv' initstyle is probably not working for Gentoo guests (e.g. you will see messages about missing 'utmp' files); 'gentoo' should be used instead of: | echo 'gentoo' >/etc/vservers/<id>/apps/init/style * there does not exist a build-method for Gentoo guests; instead of, create a skeleton with | # vserver <id> build -m skeleton --initstyle gentoo <other-opts>* and fill the vserver directory at /etc/vservers/<id>/vdir/ manually. Notes for distributors: ======================= To generate FHS compliant paths, call configure with | ./configure --prefix=/usr --mandir=/usr/share/man \ | --sysconfdir=/etc --localstatedir=/var \ | --with-vrootdir=<an FHS compliant path for /vservers> Except the '--with-vrootdir' option, rpm's '%configure' option will expand to this. There exists a 'make install-distribution' target which installs files outside of the configured 'prefix'. In particular, these files are: * the /sbin/vshelper symlink * the /vservers and related directories (or whatever you configured with '--with-vrootdir') Without this rule, 'make distcheck' would fail. It might be needed also, to call 'setattr --barrier /vservers' in an after-installation script. Which version shall I use? ========================== As you probably know, two branches of 'util-vserver' are existing: the 'stable' one, and the 'alpha' one. This terms are to be understood as a level of the featureset stability but not of the software stability. E.g. 'stable' is not really stable: it has huge security problems and missing functionality. But you can expect that the current configuration will work in future versions also. This version is untested on author's side and it will be hard to bring patches/fixes in, since it must be proofed that they will not break anything. In the opposite, the 'alpha' branch does not have known security issues and works well (at least on author's system ;)). But it may happen that some behavior or configuration options change. With 'alpha' you should be still able to use vservers created with the 'stable' branch, but you may encounter some oddities -- especially on kernel 2.6 systems (e.g. 'vserver-stat' will not show the names of old vservers). So let me summarize: * when you have productive vservers running for some years already, stay at the 'stable' branch. A change to 'alpha' will need a completely rewritten configuration which must be perhaps changed again. * when you are new at vservers, use the 'alpha' branch. You will have to learn the principles of vserver configuration for both branches but 'alpha' makes some things easier. * when you have existing vservers and want all the new kernel 2.6 functionality, use the 'alpha' branch. A last note: the 'alpha' branch works both with the stable 2.4 and the development 2.6 kernel patch. ## $Id$