By Lei Liu (mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
DRBox is used for detection tasks where the objects are orientated arbitrarily. This code show examples that DRBox is used to detect vehicles, ships and airplanes in remote sensing images. I'm also looking forward for its use in other problems.
The codes are modified from the original Caffe and SSD.
The article for this method can be downloaded here: arXiv:1711.09405. Please cite this work in your publications if it helps your research.
- DRBox is written in Caffe with some newly defined layers. So you should prepare nessasary environment for Caffe installation. DThen you can get the code:
git clone https://github.come/liulei01/drbox.git
Matlab is also neccessary so that the results can be viewed.
If you only want to apply our trained models directly to your applications, then you can ignore the following instruction and jump to Deployment.
Build the code. Please follow Caffe instruction to install all necessary packages and build it.
# Modify Makefile.config according to your Caffe installation. cp Makefile.config.example Makefile.config make -j8 # Make sure to include $CAFFE_ROOT/python to your PYTHONPATH. make py
Download fully convolutional reduced (atrous) VGGNet. By default, we assume the model is stored in
Download the training data for DRBox at https://pan.baidu.com/s/1sliHG09 , extract them and place the files at the corresponding position of data/. (Tips: There are two folders named larger and smaller respectively, you can download files in either of them. This website would ask you to install a software to download files that larger than 200M, so if you want to download file from your browser directly, you should download the files in folder "smaller".)
Run create_data.sh in each subfolders in data/ to create LMDB for training. For example, when you want to train a airplane detection network, then you can
cd $CAFFEROOT ./data/Airplane/create_data.sh
DRBox is now designed as a single task network. So you should train it for each type of objects separately. The python codes are in examples/rbox/. If you want to train a airplane detection network, then you can start training by:
cd $CAFFEROOT python examples/rbox/rbox_pascal_airplane.py
Training for vehicle is similar with airplane.
cd $CAFFEROOT python examples/rbox/rbox_pascal_car.py
Before training for ship, you should replace src/caffe/util/rbox_util.cpp with src/caffe/util.rbox_util.cpp.ship and rebuilding the codes. The reason is that we ignore the head and tail of a ship to make the problem easier.
cd $CAFFEROOT mv src/caffe/util/rbox_util.cpp src/caffe/util/rbox_util.cpp.old mv src/caffe/util/rbox_util.cpp.ship src/caffe/util/rbox_util.cpp make -j8 python examples/rbox/rbox_pascal_ship_opt.py
The trained models are stored in models/RBOX/.
The codes for deployment are in examples/rbox/deploy.
- If you only want to apply a pre-trained models directly to your applications in any Caffe environment, then you can copy this folder to your own Caffe folder and run the following commands.
mv librbox.cpp.code librbox.cpp g++ -o librbox.so -shared -fPIC librbox.cpp cp deploy.py.general_example deploy.py # you should modify the following file accordingly. python deploy.py
- Otherwise, make sure that caffemodel file, deploy.prototxt file are generated during training. Then run the following commands:
mv librbox.cpp.code librbox.cpp g++ -o librbox.so -shared -fPIC librbox.cpp mv librbox.cpp librbox.cpp.code cp deploy.py.example deploy.py # you should modify the following file accordingly. python deploy.py
The detection results are stored in a text file named like output.rbox.score. We provide a matlab function to view the results. In matlab, open examples/rbox/deploy/SelectRotatedTarget.m and run it. You are asked to select the demo tiff figure and the output.rbox.score file, then the results will be plotted. Press Z to zoom in and X to zoom out. In the first view, each result is plotted in a red circle, you can press Z to change them to rectangles.
A .rbox.score file contains several lines where each line corresponds to one bounding box. Each line contains 7 numbers. The first two numbers are position of the center point of the bounding box. Number 3-4 are width and height of the bounding box. The 5th is the label of the object, which is fixed to 1 recently because DRBox only provide one class of predictions. The 6th number is the angle of this bounding box in degrees. The 7th is the score. The detected objects are sorted with their scores.
Build Your Own Dataset
SelectRotatedTarget.m is not only a figure plot tool, but also a bounding box labeling tool to help you build your own dataset. Firstly, run this function in Matlab and select a image. Then, when it is asked to select a .rbox file, click cancel button then a empty .rbox file will be created. Press space key to switch into edit mode, then you can press H to see instructions on how to draw a rotatable bounding box on the image. When you click right on the mouse to quit the edit mode, the marked bounding boxes will be saved to the .rbox file.
.rbox file uses a similar format with .rbox.score file to record bounding boxes, unless that each line contains 6 numbers except the score value.