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Localize bazillions of simulated LIGO gravitational-wave events with BAYESTAR
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Batch sky localization for LIGO/Virgo CBC Mock Data Challenge

This repository contains code to generate a Condor DAG for localizing a batch of LIGO/Virgo compact binary coalescence (CBC) events using the rapid sky localization code BAYESTAR.

(The DAG will not be necessary for long, hopefully. This batch processing should ultimately be totally automated by one or two scripts.)


BAYESTAR is part of [LALSuite] 1. Follow the instructions for building LALSuite. (FIXME: put instructions here.) Be sure to configure all LALSuite packages with the --enable-swig-python option because BAYESTAR depends on the SWIG Python bindings.

Optionally, when you build LALInference, also pass the --enable-openmp command line option to ./configure to enable BAYESTAR's multicore acceleration with OpenMP.

Basic BAYESTAR commands

Once you have installed LALSuite, you will be able to run the following Python scripts:

  1. bayestar_localize_lvalert: Listen for new events from lvalert and perform sky localization.

  2. bayestar_localize_coincs: Produce GW sky maps for all coincidences in a LIGO-LW XML file.

  3. bayestar_aggregate_found_injections: Tabulate results of localizing triggers that are coincident with simulated signals (injections).

  4. bayestar_plot_found_injections: Plot injection-finding results from bayestar_aggregate_found_injections.

  5. bayestar_plot_allsky: Plot a probability sky map on all-sky Mollweiede axes.

Running BAYESTAR in batch mode

BAYESTAR is designed to process CBC event candidates in the LIGO Lightweight XML (LIGO-LW) format and/or equivalent SQLite database format produced by LIGO/Virgo search pipelines. BAYESTAR has been tested mostly against the [GstLAL] 2 search pipeline. As a consequence, these instructions will focus on processing GstLAL's output, although the procedure could be easily adapted to other search pipelines (e.g. ihope).

The BAYESTAR DAG does the following tasks:

  1. For each injection, select the matching detection candidate that has the lowest combined false alarm rate (and delete all other candidates). This models the concept that in a real search, all events above a given false alarm rate within an advancing time window would be followed up.

  2. Split all of the detection candidates into smaller batches (of 100 events each) so that multiple event can be handled in parallel on different computers.

  3. Generate sky maps for all events.


Let's say that you have some output from GstLAL in the directory ~/gstlal_out. Follow these steps:

  1. Pick a new directory for the BAYESTAR output. It doesn't matter where, but let's say for example that you put it in ~/gstlal_bayestar_out. Obtain the DAG source code by cloning it from GitHub, like this:

    $ git clone ~/gstlal_bayestar_out

  2. Look inside the gstlal output for an SQLite database whose name looks like H1L1V1-ALL_LLOID_1_injections-966383960-100000.sqlite. The substring H1L1V1 denotes which detectors were used in the search, and the string 1_injections denotes that this data file comprises triggers resulting from simulating signals from the first injection set. (We'll assume that there is only one injection set.) Copy or symlink this file into the directory that you just created, ~/gstlal_bayestar_out.

  3. Enter the directory ~/gstlal_bayestar_out. Edit the Makefile. In the first line, change the variable ALL_INJECTIONS to the name of the SQLite database, with the .sqlite extension removed. Save the Makefile.

  4. Run make to generate the DAG.

  5. Copy or symlink the GstLAL output's power specra directory, ~/gstlal_out/gstlal_reference_psd, to the directory ~/gstlal_bayestar_out/fits/gstlal_reference_psd.

  6. Submit the DAG with the following command:

    $ condor_submit_dag mdc.dag

  7. Once the DAG completes, run the postprocessing with the following command:

    $ bayestar_aggregate_found_injections database.sqlite 'fits/*.toa_phoa_snr.fits.gz' -o toa_phoa_snr.out -j64

    Replace database.sqlite with the path of the GstLAL databse from step 2.

    It is important that the glob 'fits/*.toa_phoa_snr.fits.gz' be in single quotes to prevent the shell from expanding it. If you leave off the quotes, it will work unless it runs up against the shell's maximum number of command line arguments.

    Finally, you can control the number of threads that are used with the -j option.

  8. Plot the results with the command:

    $ bayestar_plot_found_injections toa_phoa_snr.out

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