Fully maintained FUSE bindings for Node that aims to cover the entire FUSE api
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README.md

fuse-bindings

Fully maintained fuse bindings for Node that aims to cover the entire FUSE api

npm install fuse-bindings

Compared to fuse4js these bindings cover almost the entire FUSE api (except for locking) and doesn't do any buffer copys in read/write. It also supports unmount and mouting of multiple fuse drives.

Requirements

You need to have FUSE installed (or Dokany on Windows)

  • On Linux/Ubuntu sudo apt-get install libfuse-dev
  • On OSX
    • if you use Brew, install OSXFuse and brew install pkg-config
    • if you use MacPorts, sudo port install osxfuse +devel
  • On Windows install Dokany

Windows

WARNING: Dokany is still not quite stable. It can cause BSODs. Be careful.

Using this on Windows is slightly more complicated. You need to install Dokany (for dokanfuse.lib, dokanctl.exe, driver and service) and clone its repo (for the headers).

Once the Dokany repo is cloned, you also need to set environment variable DOKAN_INSTALL_DIR to the path to DokenLibrary of your Dokany installaton, and DOKAN_FUSE_INCLUDE to the path to *dokany repo*\dokan_fuse\include.

EDIT: Dokany now includes needed headers and sets proper environment variables when installing! Just install Dokany and this module should install and work just fine! (Drop an issue otherwise)

Usage

Try creating an empty folder called mnt and run the below example

var fuse = require('fuse-bindings')

var mountPath = process.platform !== 'win32' ? './mnt' : 'M:\\'

fuse.mount(mountPath, {
  readdir: function (path, cb) {
    console.log('readdir(%s)', path)
    if (path === '/') return cb(0, ['test'])
    cb(0)
  },
  getattr: function (path, cb) {
    console.log('getattr(%s)', path)
    if (path === '/') {
      cb(0, {
        mtime: new Date(),
        atime: new Date(),
        ctime: new Date(),
        nlink: 1,
        size: 100,
        mode: 16877,
        uid: process.getuid ? process.getuid() : 0,
        gid: process.getgid ? process.getgid() : 0
      })
      return
    }

    if (path === '/test') {
      cb(0, {
        mtime: new Date(),
        atime: new Date(),
        ctime: new Date(),
        nlink: 1,
        size: 12,
        mode: 33188,
        uid: process.getuid ? process.getuid() : 0,
        gid: process.getgid ? process.getgid() : 0
      })
      return
    }

    cb(fuse.ENOENT)
  },
  open: function (path, flags, cb) {
    console.log('open(%s, %d)', path, flags)
    cb(0, 42) // 42 is an fd
  },
  read: function (path, fd, buf, len, pos, cb) {
    console.log('read(%s, %d, %d, %d)', path, fd, len, pos)
    var str = 'hello world\n'.slice(pos, pos + len)
    if (!str) return cb(0)
    buf.write(str)
    return cb(str.length)
  }
}, function (err) {
  if (err) throw err
  console.log('filesystem mounted on ' + mountPath)
})

process.on('SIGINT', function () {
  fuse.unmount(mountPath, function (err) {
    if (err) {
      console.log('filesystem at ' + mountPath + ' not unmounted', err)
    } else {
      console.log('filesystem at ' + mountPath + ' unmounted')
    }
  })
})

See also

fs-fuse is a wrapper module build on top of fuse-bindings that allow you to export and mount any fs-like object as a FUSE filesystem.

API

fuse.mount(mnt, ops, [cb])

Mount a new filesystem on mnt. Pass the FUSE operations you want to support as the ops argument.

fuse.unmount(mnt, [cb])

Unmount a filesystem

fuse.context()

Returns the current fuse context (pid, uid, gid). Must be called inside a fuse callback.

Mount options

ops.options

Set mount options

ops.options = ['direct_io'] // set the direct_io option

ops.displayFolder

Set to true to make OSX display a folder icon and the folder name as the mount point in finder

ops.force

Set to true to force mount the filesystem (will do an unmount first)

FUSE operations

Most of the FUSE api is supported. In general the callback for each op should be called with cb(returnCode, [value]) where the return code is a number (0 for OK and < 0 for errors). See below for a list of POSIX error codes.

ops.init(cb)

Called on filesystem init.

ops.access(path, mode, cb)

Called before the filesystem accessed a file

ops.statfs(path, cb)

Called when the filesystem is being stat'ed. Accepts a fs stat object after the return code in the callback.

ops.statfs = function (path, cb) {
  cb(0, {
    bsize: 1000000,
    frsize: 1000000,
    blocks: 1000000,
    bfree: 1000000,
    bavail: 1000000,
    files: 1000000,
    ffree: 1000000,
    favail: 1000000,
    fsid: 1000000,
    flag: 1000000,
    namemax: 1000000
  })
}

ops.getattr(path, cb)

Called when a path is being stat'ed. Accepts a stat object (similar to the one returned in fs.stat(path, cb)) after the return code in the callback.

ops.getattr = function (path, cb) {
  cb(0, {
    mtime: new Date(),
    atime: new Date(),
    ctime: new Date(),
    size: 100,
    mode: 16877,
    uid: process.getuid(),
    gid: process.getgid()
  })
}

ops.fgetattr(path, fd, cb)

Same as above but is called when someone stats a file descriptor

ops.flush(path, fd, cb)

Called when a file descriptor is being flushed

ops.fsync(path, fd, datasync, cb)

Called when a file descriptor is being fsync'ed.

ops.fsyncdir(path, fd, datasync, cb)

Same as above but on a directory

ops.readdir(path, cb)

Called when a directory is being listed. Accepts an array of file/directory names after the return code in the callback

ops.readdir = function (path, cb) {
  cb(0, ['file-1.txt', 'dir'])
}

ops.truncate(path, size, cb)

Called when a path is being truncated to a specific size

ops.ftruncate(path, fd, size, cb)

Same as above but on a file descriptor

ops.readlink(path, cb)

Called when a symlink is being resolved. Accepts a pathname (that the link should resolve to) after the return code in the callback

ops.readlink = function (path, cb) {
  cb(null, 'file.txt') // make link point to file.txt
}

ops.chown(path, uid, gid, cb)

Called when ownership of a path is being changed

ops.chmod(path, mode, cb)

Called when the mode of a path is being changed

ops.mknod(path, mode, dev, cb)

Called when the a new device file is being made.

ops.setxattr(path, name, buffer, length, offset, flags, cb)

Called when extended attributes is being set (see the extended docs for your platform). Currently you can read the attribute value being set in buffer at offset.

ops.getxattr(path, name, buffer, length, offset, cb)

Called when extended attributes is being read. Currently you have to write the result to the provided buffer at offset.

ops.listxattr(path, buffer, length, cb)

Called when extended attributes of a path are being listed. buffer should be filled with the extended attribute names as null-terminated strings, one after the other, up to a total of length in length. (ERANGE should be passed to the callback if length is insufficient.) The size of buffer required to hold all the names should be passed to the callback either on success, or if the supplied length was zero.

ops.removexattr(path, name, cb)

Called when an extended attribute is being removed.

ops.open(path, flags, cb)

Called when a path is being opened. flags in a number containing the permissions being requested. Accepts a file descriptor after the return code in the callback.

var toFlag = function(flags) {
  flags = flags & 3
  if (flags === 0) return 'r'
  if (flags === 1) return 'w'
  return 'r+'
}

ops.open = function (path, flags, cb) {
  var flag = toFlag(flags) // convert flags to a node style string
  ...
  cb(0, 42) // 42 is a file descriptor
}

ops.opendir(path, flags, cb)

Same as above but for directories

ops.read(path, fd, buffer, length, position, cb)

Called when contents of a file is being read. You should write the result of the read to the buffer and return the number of bytes written as the first argument in the callback. If no bytes were written (read is complete) return 0 in the callback.

var data = new Buffer('hello world')

ops.read = function (path, fd, buffer, length, position, cb) {
  if (position >= data.length) return cb(0) // done
  var part = data.slice(position, position + length)
  part.copy(buffer) // write the result of the read to the result buffer
  cb(part.length) // return the number of bytes read
}

ops.write(path, fd, buffer, length, position, cb)

Called when a file is being written to. You can get the data being written in buffer and you should return the number of bytes written in the callback as the first argument.

ops.write = function (path, fd, buffer, length, position, cb) {
  console.log('writing', buffer.slice(0, length))
  cb(length) // we handled all the data
}

ops.release(path, fd, cb)

Called when a file descriptor is being released. Happens when a read/write is done etc.

ops.releasedir(path, fd, cb)

Same as above but for directories

ops.create(path, mode, cb)

Called when a new file is being opened.

ops.utimens(path, atime, mtime, cb)

Called when the atime/mtime of a file is being changed.

ops.unlink(path, cb)

Called when a file is being unlinked.

ops.rename(src, dest, cb)

Called when a file is being renamed.

ops.link(src, dest, cb)

Called when a new link is created.

ops.symlink(src, dest, cb)

Called when a new symlink is created

ops.mkdir(path, mode, cb)

Called when a new directory is being created

ops.rmdir(path, cb)

Called when a directory is being removed

ops.destroy(cb)

Both read and write passes the underlying fuse buffer without copying them to be as fast as possible.

Error codes

The available error codes are exposes as well as properties. These include

  • fuse.EPERM === -1
  • fuse.ENOENT === -2
  • fuse.ESRCH === -3
  • fuse.EINTR === -4
  • fuse.EIO === -5
  • fuse.ENXIO === -6
  • fuse.E2BIG === -7
  • fuse.ENOEXEC === -8
  • fuse.EBADF === -9
  • fuse.ECHILD === -10
  • fuse.EAGAIN === -11
  • fuse.ENOMEM === -12
  • fuse.EACCES === -13
  • fuse.EFAULT === -14
  • fuse.ENOTBLK === -15
  • fuse.EBUSY === -16
  • fuse.EEXIST === -17
  • fuse.EXDEV === -18
  • fuse.ENODEV === -19
  • fuse.ENOTDIR === -20
  • fuse.EISDIR === -21
  • fuse.EINVAL === -22
  • fuse.ENFILE === -23
  • fuse.EMFILE === -24
  • fuse.ENOTTY === -25
  • fuse.ETXTBSY === -26
  • fuse.EFBIG === -27
  • fuse.ENOSPC === -28
  • fuse.ESPIPE === -29
  • fuse.EROFS === -30
  • fuse.EMLINK === -31
  • fuse.EPIPE === -32
  • fuse.EDOM === -33
  • fuse.ERANGE === -34
  • fuse.EDEADLK === -35
  • fuse.ENAMETOOLONG === -36
  • fuse.ENOLCK === -37
  • fuse.ENOSYS === -38
  • fuse.ENOTEMPTY === -39
  • fuse.ELOOP === -40
  • fuse.EWOULDBLOCK === -11
  • fuse.ENOMSG === -42
  • fuse.EIDRM === -43
  • fuse.ECHRNG === -44
  • fuse.EL2NSYNC === -45
  • fuse.EL3HLT === -46
  • fuse.EL3RST === -47
  • fuse.ELNRNG === -48
  • fuse.EUNATCH === -49
  • fuse.ENOCSI === -50
  • fuse.EL2HLT === -51
  • fuse.EBADE === -52
  • fuse.EBADR === -53
  • fuse.EXFULL === -54
  • fuse.ENOANO === -55
  • fuse.EBADRQC === -56
  • fuse.EBADSLT === -57
  • fuse.EDEADLOCK === -35
  • fuse.EBFONT === -59
  • fuse.ENOSTR === -60
  • fuse.ENODATA === -61
  • fuse.ETIME === -62
  • fuse.ENOSR === -63
  • fuse.ENONET === -64
  • fuse.ENOPKG === -65
  • fuse.EREMOTE === -66
  • fuse.ENOLINK === -67
  • fuse.EADV === -68
  • fuse.ESRMNT === -69
  • fuse.ECOMM === -70
  • fuse.EPROTO === -71
  • fuse.EMULTIHOP === -72
  • fuse.EDOTDOT === -73
  • fuse.EBADMSG === -74
  • fuse.EOVERFLOW === -75
  • fuse.ENOTUNIQ === -76
  • fuse.EBADFD === -77
  • fuse.EREMCHG === -78
  • fuse.ELIBACC === -79
  • fuse.ELIBBAD === -80
  • fuse.ELIBSCN === -81
  • fuse.ELIBMAX === -82
  • fuse.ELIBEXEC === -83
  • fuse.EILSEQ === -84
  • fuse.ERESTART === -85
  • fuse.ESTRPIPE === -86
  • fuse.EUSERS === -87
  • fuse.ENOTSOCK === -88
  • fuse.EDESTADDRREQ === -89
  • fuse.EMSGSIZE === -90
  • fuse.EPROTOTYPE === -91
  • fuse.ENOPROTOOPT === -92
  • fuse.EPROTONOSUPPORT === -93
  • fuse.ESOCKTNOSUPPORT === -94
  • fuse.EOPNOTSUPP === -95
  • fuse.EPFNOSUPPORT === -96
  • fuse.EAFNOSUPPORT === -97
  • fuse.EADDRINUSE === -98
  • fuse.EADDRNOTAVAIL === -99
  • fuse.ENETDOWN === -100
  • fuse.ENETUNREACH === -101
  • fuse.ENETRESET === -102
  • fuse.ECONNABORTED === -103
  • fuse.ECONNRESET === -104
  • fuse.ENOBUFS === -105
  • fuse.EISCONN === -106
  • fuse.ENOTCONN === -107
  • fuse.ESHUTDOWN === -108
  • fuse.ETOOMANYREFS === -109
  • fuse.ETIMEDOUT === -110
  • fuse.ECONNREFUSED === -111
  • fuse.EHOSTDOWN === -112
  • fuse.EHOSTUNREACH === -113
  • fuse.EALREADY === -114
  • fuse.EINPROGRESS === -115
  • fuse.ESTALE === -116
  • fuse.EUCLEAN === -117
  • fuse.ENOTNAM === -118
  • fuse.ENAVAIL === -119
  • fuse.EISNAM === -120
  • fuse.EREMOTEIO === -121
  • fuse.EDQUOT === -122
  • fuse.ENOMEDIUM === -123
  • fuse.EMEDIUMTYPE === -124

License

MIT