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Tool to simplify managing a consistent set of Haskell packages for distributions.

README.md

What is cblrepo?

The goal of cblrepo is to aid in maintaining a consistent set of Haskell packages, e.g. for a Linux distribution. Currently it's heavily influenced by the work required to maintain Haskell packages for Arch Linux, but it's proven useful also for other distributions.

Building it

It uses CABAL, so as soon as its dependencies are satisfied it builds and installs with the familiar 3 steps:

$ ./Setup.hs configure
$ ./Setup.hs build
$ ./Setup.hs install

Alternatively one can use the cabal tool:

$ cabal install

Using it

The following sections cover some of the more used commands, but it's not an exhaustive description of the tool. One can list all commands can be accessed using

$ cblrepo --help

and the help for an individual command is accessed using

$ cblrepo <command> --help

Syncing with Hackage

The program can maintain a cache of all the packages on Hackage, this cache is used in some of the commands. The cache is updated using

$ cblrepo sync

By default the cache is stored in ~/.cblrepo/, the location can be controlled using --appdir=.

Adding packages

All added packages are kept in a database, named cblrepo.db, which should be in the current directory (unless the --db= argument is used). The database will be created on first add, if it doesn't exist already.

To cblrepo there are three types of packages:

GHC package -- A package provided by GHC, e.g. base. Added using the -g (or --ghc-pkg=) flag. Multiple package can be added at the same time by using the flag multiple times. For each package only the package name and version is recorded. Ex:

$ cblrepo add -g base,4.3.1.0 -g array,0.3.0.2

Distro package -- A package provided by the distribution. Added using the -d (or --distro-pkg=) flag. Multiple package can be added at the same time using the flag multiple times. For each package package name, version and release is recorded. Ex:

$ cblrepo add -d xmonad-contrib,0.10,1 -d zlib,0.5.3.1,2.1

Repo package -- A package maintained using cblrepo. Added using either -u/--cbl-url (adding by URL), -f/--cbl-file (adding by file name), or by just giving the package name and version on the command line (the details are then extracted from the cache). Ex:

$ cblrepo add -u http://hackage.haskell.org/packages/archive/dataenc/0.14.0.3/dataenc.cabal
$ cblrepo add -f my-cbl-files/dataenc.cabal
$ cblrepo add dataenc,0.14.0.3

The release number after adding is set to 1.

If there are any unsatisfiable dependencies they will be reported by cblrepo and no changes will be made to the database.

Updating packages

The add command is used to update packages as well.

Generating PKGBUILDs for packages

Use the pkgbuild command to generate the source Arch Linux package.

$ cblrepo pkgbuild yesod

Adding patches for packages

In some, hopefully rare, cases the packages found on Hackage require patching in order to work properly. There are three types of patches used by cblrepo at the moment:

Cabal patches -- A patch <patch dir>/<pkg name>.cabal is applied to the CABAL file before it's use. It's also included in the Arch Linux source package created with the pkgbuild command.

Pkgbuild patches -- A patch <patch dir>/<pkg name>.pkgbuild is applied to the generated PKGBUILD when executing the pkgbuild command.

Source patches -- A patch <patch dir>/<pkg name>.source is included in the Arch Linux source package created with the pkgbuild command.

The default location for patches is the dir ./patches, but cblrepo can be told to look elsewhere by using the --patchdir= flag.

Details of patches

cblrepo uses the external tool patch to apply patches. There are a few technical details worth knowing to make sure that cblrepo, and the files it generates, can work with your patches.

Patches for CABAL files and PKGBUILD files are applied using the pattern

patch <original file > <patch file>

which means that the path depth in the patch is of no importance at all. It is however important that these patches contain diffs for a single file only.

Patches for the source is only ever used in generated PKGBUILD files, and then it's applied using the pattern

patch -p4 < <patch file>

from within the package source (i.e. ${srcdir}/<pkg dir>). The reason for this particular patch depth should be obvious after reading the following section.

Example of working with patches

Knowledge of the tool quilt is extremely useful when working with patches. In the following example we add the package DBus (version 0.4) and as you'll see it requires all three kind of patches.

patches/DBus.cabal

Download the Cabal file for DBus:

$ wget $(cblrepo urls DBus,0.4)

then create a new patch and add the Cabal file:

$ quilt new DBus.cabal
$ quilt add DBus.cabal

Now go ahead and make the changes to the file and then record them in the patch:

$ quilt refresh

Once the changes have been recorded it's safe to remove the Cabal file, and if you want you can also remove all the quilt files:

$ rm DBus.cabal
$ rm -fr .pc patches/series

It's now possible to add the package:

$ cblrepo add DBus,0.4

patches/DBus.pkgbuild

DBus also requires some changes to the generated PKGBUILD, so generate the source package and then use quilt to record the necessary changes to it:

$ cblrepo pkgbuild DBus
$ quilt new DBus.pkgbuild
$ quilt edit haskell-dbus/PKGBUILD
<make edits>
$ quilt refresh

(Here we use the quilt command edit to add the file and open an editor in a single command.) To verify that the patch we remove some files and re-generate the source package:

$ rm -fr haskell-dbus .pc patches/series
$ cblrepo pkgbuild DBus

If we now inspect the generated PKGBUILD file it should contain the desired changes.

patches/DBus.source

Finally DBus requires some minor changes to its source. We start with moving into the directory containing the source package, download and extract all files, and create the source patch:

$ cd haskell-dbus
$ makepkg -o
$ quilt new DBus.source

Now we can move into the extracted source and quilt edit files to our hearts' content. Finally record the changes and clean up:

$ quilt refresh
$ cd <top-dir>
$ rm -fr haskell-dbus .pc patches/series

When we now re-generate the source package all our patches will be used:

$ cblrepo pkgbuild DBus
$ tree haskell
haskell-dbus/
├── cabal.patch
├── haskell-dbus.install
├── PKGBUILD
├── PKGBUILD.orig
└── source.patch

Modifying patches

The command quilt import makes it easy to work with existing patches. Also remember that the --patchdir= flag for cblrepo can be used to prevent use of patches by e.g. pointing it to /tmp.

Contact

Please report bugs and suggestions for improvements at github.

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