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Enable two-way data binding for form fields saved in a Vuex store
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README.md

vuex-map-fields

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Enable two-way data binding for form fields saved in a Vuex store.

Install

npm install --save vuex-map-fields

Basic example

The following example component shows the most basic usage, for mapping fields to the Vuex store using two-way data binding with v-model, without directly modifying the store itself, but using getter and setter functions internally (as it is described in the official Vuex documentation: Two-way Computed Property).

Store

import Vue from 'vue';
import Vuex from 'vuex';

// Import the `getField` getter and the `updateField`
// mutation function from the `vuex-map-fields` module.
import { getField, updateField } from 'vuex-map-fields';

Vue.use(Vuex);

export default new Vuex.Store({
  state: {
    fieldA: '',
    fieldB: '',
  },
  getters: {
    // Add the `getField` getter to the
    // `getters` of your Vuex store instance.
    getField,
  },
  mutations: {
    // Add the `updateField` mutation to the
    // `mutations` of your Vuex store instance.
    updateField,
  },
});

Component

<template>
  <div id="app">
    <input v-model="fieldA">
    <input v-model="fieldB">
  </div>
</template>

<script>
import { mapFields } from 'vuex-map-fields';

export default {
  computed: {
    // The `mapFields` function takes an array of
    // field names and generates corresponding
    // computed properties with getter and setter
    // functions for accessing the Vuex store.
    ...mapFields([
      'fieldA',
      'fieldB',
    ]),
  },
};
</script>

Edit basic example

Nested properties

Oftentimes you want to have nested properties in the Vuex store. vuex-map-fields supports nested data structures by utilizing the object dot string notation.

Store

import Vue from 'vue';
import Vuex from 'vuex';

import { getField, updateField } from 'vuex-map-fields';

Vue.use(Vuex);

export default new Vuex.Store({
  state: {
    user: {
      firstName: '',
      lastName: '',
    },
    addresses: [
      {
        town: '',
      },
    ],
  },
  getters: {
    getField,
  },
  mutations: {
    updateField,
  },
});

Component

<template>
  <div id="app">
    <input v-model="firstName">
    <input v-model="lastName">
    <input v-model="town">
  </div>
</template>

<script>
import { mapFields } from 'vuex-map-fields';

export default {
  computed: {
    // When using nested data structures, the string
    // after the last dot (e.g. `firstName`) is used
    // for defining the name of the computed property.
    ...mapFields([
      'user.firstName',
      'user.lastName',
      // It's also possible to access
      // nested properties in arrays.
      'addresses[0].town',
    ]),
  },
};
</script>

Edit nested properties example

Rename properties

Sometimes you might want to give your computed properties different names than what you're using in the Vuex store. Renaming properties is made possible by passing an object of fields to the mapFields function instead of an array.

<template>
  <div id="app">
    <input v-model="userFirstName">
    <input v-model="userLastName">
  </div>
</template>

<script>
import { mapFields } from 'vuex-map-fields';

export default {
  computed: {
    ...mapFields({
      userFirstName: 'user.firstName',
      userLastName: 'user.lastName',
    }),
  },
};
</script>

Edit rename properties example

Custom getters and mutations

By default vuex-map-fields is searching for the given properties starting from the root of your state object. Depending on the size of your application, the state object might become quite big and therefore updating the state starting from the root might become a performance issue. To circumvent such problems, it is possible to create a custom mapFields() function which is configured to access custom mutation and getter functions which don't start from the root of the state object but are accessing a specific point of the state.

Store

import Vue from 'vue';
import Vuex from 'vuex';

import { getField, updateField } from 'vuex-map-fields';

Vue.use(Vuex);

export default new Vuex.Store({
  state: {
    user: {
      firstName: '',
      lastName: '',
    },
  },
  getters: {
    // By wrapping the `getField()` function we're
    // able to provide a specific property of the state.
    getUserField(state) {
      return getField(state.user);
    },
  },
  mutations: {
    // Mutating only a specific property of the state
    // can be significantly faster than mutating the
    // whole state every time a field is updated.
    updateUserField(state, field) {
      updateField(state.user, field);
    },
  },
});

Component

<template>
  <div id="app">
    <input v-model="firstName">
    <input v-model="lastName">
  </div>
</template>

<script>
import { createHelpers } from 'vuex-map-fields';

// The getter and mutation types we're providing
// here, must be the same as the function names we've
// used in the store.
const { mapFields } = createHelpers({
  getterType: 'getUserField',
  mutationType: 'updateUserField',
});

export default {
  computed: {
    // Because we're providing the `state.user` property
    // to the getter and mutation functions, we must not
    // use the `user.` prefix when mapping the fields.
    ...mapFields([
      'firstName',
      'lastName',
    ]),
  },
};
</script>

Edit custom getters and mutations example

Vuex modules

Vuex makes it possible to divide the store into modules.

Store

import Vue from 'vue';
import Vuex from 'vuex';

import { createHelpers } from 'vuex-map-fields';

// Because by default, getters and mutations in Vuex
// modules, are globally accessible and not namespaced,
// you most likely want to rename the getter and mutation
// helpers because otherwise you can't reuse them in multiple,
// non namespaced modules.
const { getFooField, updateFooField } = createHelpers({
  getterType: 'getFooField',
  mutationType: 'updateFooField',
});

Vue.use(Vuex);

export default new Vuex.Store({
  // ...
  modules: {
    fooModule: {
      state: {
        foo: '',
      },
      getters: {
        getFooField,
      },
      mutations: {
        updateFooField,
      },
    },
  },
});

Component

<template>
  <div id="app">
    <input v-model="foo">
  </div>
</template>

<script>
import { createHelpers } from 'vuex-map-fields';

// We're using the same getter and mutation types
// as we've used in the store above.
const { mapFields } = createHelpers({
  getterType: 'getFooField',
  mutationType: 'updateFooField',
});

export default {
  computed: {
    ...mapFields(['foo']),
  },
};
</script>

Edit Vuex modules example

Namespaced Vuex modules

By default, mutations and getters inside modules are registered under the global namespace – but you can mark modules as namespaced which prevents naming clashes of mutations and getters between modules.

Store

import Vue from 'vue';
import Vuex from 'vuex';

import { getField, updateField } from 'vuex-map-fields';

Vue.use(Vuex);

export default new Vuex.Store({
  // ...
  modules: {
    fooModule: {
      namespaced: true,
      state: {
        foo: '',
      },
      getters: {
        getField,
      },
      mutations: {
        updateField,
      },
    },
  },
});

Component

<template>
  <div id="app">
    <input v-model="foo">
  </div>
</template>

<script>
import { createHelpers } from 'vuex-map-fields';

// `fooModule` is the name of the Vuex module.
const { mapFields } = createHelpers({
  getterType: 'fooModule/getField',
  mutationType: 'fooModule/updateField',
});

export default {
  computed: {
    ...mapFields(['foo']),
  },
};
</script>

Edit namespaced Vuex modules example

Or you can pass the module namespace string as the first argument of the mapFields() function.

<template>
  <div id="app">
    <input v-model="foo">
  </div>
</template>

<script>
import { mapFields } from 'vuex-map-fields';

export default {
  computed: {
    // `fooModule` is the name of the Vuex module.
    ...mapFields(`fooModule`, ['foo']),
  },
};
</script>

Edit namespaced Vuex modules example

Multi-row fields

If you want to build a form which allows the user to enter multiple rows of a specific data type with multiple fields (e.g. multiple addresses) you can use the multi-row field mapping function.

Store

import Vue from 'vue';
import Vuex from 'vuex';

import { getField, updateField } from 'vuex-map-fields';

Vue.use(Vuex);

export default new Vuex.Store({
  // ...
  state: {
    addresses: [
      {
        zip: '12345',
        town: 'Foo Town',
      },
      {
        zip: '54321',
        town: 'Bar Town',
      },
    ],
  },
  getters: {
    getField,
  },
  mutations: {
    updateField,
  },
});

Component

<template>
  <div id="app">
    <div v-for="address in addresses">
      <label>ZIP <input v-model="address.zip"></label>
      <label>Town <input v-model="address.town"></label>
    </div>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
import { mapMultiRowFields } from 'vuex-map-fields';

export default {
  computed: {
    ...mapMultiRowFields(['addresses']),
  },
};
</script>

Edit multi-row fields example

Upgrade from 0.x.x to 1.x.x

Instead of accessing the state directly, since the 1.0.0 release, in order to enable the ability to implement custom getters and mutations, vuex-map-fields is using a getter function to access the state. This makes it necessary to add a getter function to your Vuex store.

import Vue from 'vue';
import Vuex from 'vuex';

// You now have to also import the `getField()` function.
import { getField, updateField } from 'vuex-map-fields';

Vue.use(Vuex);

export default new Vuex.Store({
  state: {
    fieldA: '',
    fieldB: '',
  },
  getters: {
    // Add the `getField` getter to the
    // `getters` of your Vuex store instance.
    getField,
  },
  mutations: {
    updateField,
  },
});

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Articles

About

Author

Markus Oberlehner
Website: https://markus.oberlehner.net
Twitter: https://twitter.com/MaOberlehner
PayPal.me: https://paypal.me/maoberlehner
Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/maoberlehner

License

MIT

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