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README.md

MCC DAQ HAT Library for Raspberry Pi

InfoContains C and Python Libraries for interacting with Measurement Computing DAQ HAT boards.
AuthorMeasurement Computing
Library Version1.3.0.6

About

This is the development repository for Measurement Computing DAQ HAT boards. The daqhats library was created and is supported by Measurement Computing Corporation (MCC).

Supported MCC DAQ HAT hardware

Hardware supported by this version of the MCC DAQ HAT Library:

Hardware Compatibility

The MCC DAQ HATs are compatible with all Raspberry Pi models with the 40-pin GPIO header (not the original Pi 1 A or B with the 26-pin header.) They are generally not compatible with any other brand of Raspberry Pi HAT or add-on board that attaches to the GPIO header, or devices that use the Raspberry Pi SPI interface.

In particular, LCD displays that use the GPIO header (not HDMI) usually use the SPI interface and will prevent the DAQ HATs from working. Even if the display is removed, the driver is probably still loaded by /boot/config.txt and will cause issues with the DAQ HATs. If you have a problem with your device and have used a GPIO header display with your Raspberry Pi then consult your display hardware documentation for how to remove the driver.

The specific pins used by each DAQ HAT are documented in the electrical specifications for that device.

Prerequisites

  • Raspbian or Raspbian Lite image (may work with other Raspberry Pi operating systems)
  • Raspberry Pi with 40-pin GPIO header
  • C, C++, Python 2.7 or Python 3.4

Raspberry Pi Configuration

Follow the instructions at https://www.raspberrypi.org/help/ for setting up a Raspberry Pi.

Install Instructions

  1. Power off the Raspberry Pi and attach one or more DAQ HAT boards, using unique address settings for each. Refer to Installing the HAT board for detailed information. When using a single board, leave it at address 0 (all address jumpers removed.) One board must always be at address 0 to ensure that the OS reads a HAT EEPROM and initializes the hardware correctly.

  2. Power on the Pi, log in, and open a terminal window (if using the graphical interface.)

  3. Update your package list:

    sudo apt update
  4. Optional: Update your installation packages and reboot:

    sudo apt full-upgrade
    sudo reboot
  5. Install git (if not installed):

    sudo apt install git
  6. Download the daqhats library to the root of your home folder:

    cd ~
    git clone https://github.com/mccdaq/daqhats.git
  7. Build and install the shared library, tools, and optional Python support. The installer will install Python 3 support by default and ask if you want to install Python 2 support. It will also detect the HAT board EEPROMs and save the contents, if needed.

    cd ~/daqhats
    sudo ./install.sh

Note: If you encounter any errors during steps 5 - 7 then uininstall the daqhats library (if installed), go back to step 4, update your installed packages and reboot, then repeat steps 5 - 7.

You can now run the example programs under ~/daqhats/examples and create your own programs. Refer to the Examples section below for more information.

If you are using the Raspbian desktop interface, the DAQ HAT Manager utility will be available under the Accessories start menu. This utility will allow you to list the detected DAQ HATs, update the EEPROM files if you change your board stack, and launch control applications for each DAQ HAT to perform simple operations. The code for these programs is in the daqhats/tools/applications directory.

List the installed boards

You can use the DAQ HAT Manager or the daqhats_list_boards command to display a list of the detected MCC DAQ HATs. This list is generated from the EEPROM images, so it will not be correct if you change the board stack without updating the EEPROM images (see below.)

Update the EEPROM images

If you change your board stack, you must update the saved EEPROM images so that the library has the correct board information. You can use the DAQ HAT Manager or the command:

sudo daqhats_read_eeproms

Display the installed daqhats version

The command daqhats_version may be used to display the installed version number.

Uninstall the daqhats library

If you want to uninstall the the daqhats library, use the following commands:

cd ~/daqhats
sudo ./uninstall.sh

Firmware Updates

The library firmware version for applicable devices can be found in tools/README.md.

MCC 118

Use the firmware update tool to update the firmware on your MCC 118 board(s). The "0" in the example below is the board address. Repeat the command for each MCC 118 address in your board stack. This example demonstrates how to update the firmware on the MCC 118 that is installed at address 0.

mcc118_firmware_update 0 ~/daqhats/tools/MCC_118.hex

MCC 172

mcc172_firmware_update 0 ~/daqhats/tools/MCC_172.fw

Examples

The daqhats library includes example programs developed with C/C++ and Python. The examples are available under ~/daqhats/examples, and are provided in the following formats:

  • console-based (C/C++ and Python)
  • User interface
    • Web server (Python)
    • IFTTT (If This Then That) trigger service (Python)
    • Data logger (C/C++)

Refer to the README.md file in each example folder for more information.

Usage

The following is a basic Python example demonstrating how to read MCC 118 voltage inputs and display channel values.

#!/usr/bin/env python
#
# MCC 118 example program
# Read and display analog input values
#
import sys
from daqhats import hat_list, HatIDs, mcc118

# get hat list of MCC daqhat boards
board_list = hat_list(filter_by_id = HatIDs.ANY)
if not board_list:
    print("No boards found")
    sys.exit()

# Read and display every channel
for entry in board_list: 
    if entry.id == HatIDs.MCC_118:
        print("Board {}: MCC 118".format(entry.address))
        board = mcc118(entry.address)
        for channel in range(board.info().NUM_AI_CHANNELS):
            value = board.a_in_read(channel)
            print("Ch {0}: {1:.3f}".format(channel, value))	

Support/Feedback

The daqhats library is supported by MCC. Contact technical support through our support page.

Documentation

Documentation for the daqhats library is available at https://mccdaq.github.io/daqhats/index.html.

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