An object to object mapper
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README.markdown

Intro to AutoMapper

Inspired by http://github.com/AutoMapper/AutoMapper, this Bundle provides a object to object mapper.

Build Status

Installation and configuration:

Get the bundle

Add to your /deps file :

[BCCAutoMapperBundle]
    git=http://github.com/michelsalib/BCCAutoMapperBundle.git
    target=/bundles/BCC/AutoMapperBundle

And make a php bin/vendors install.

Register the namespace

<?php

    // app/autoload.php
    $loader->registerNamespaces(array(
        'BCC' => __DIR__.'/../vendor/bundles',
        // your other namespaces
    ));

Add BCCAutoMapperBundle to your application kernel

<?php

    // app/AppKernel.php
    public function registerBundles()
    {
        return array(
            // ...
            new BCC\AutoMapperBundle\BCCAutoMapperBundle(),
            // ...
        );
    }

Usage examples:

Giving a source and a destination object:

<?php

namespace My;

class SourcePost {

    public $name;
    public $description;
    /**
     * @var SourceAuthor
     */
    public $author;

}

class SourceAuthor {

    public $name;

}

class DestinationPost {

    public $title;
    public $description;
    public $author;

}

Use default map :

THe default map will automatically associate members that have the same name. It will automatically use public properties or look for getters.

You can create a default map and map object this way:

<?php

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');
// create default map
$mapper->createMap('My\SourcePost', 'My\DestinationPost');

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->description = 'Symfony2 developer';
$destination = new DestinationPost();

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

echo $destination->description; // outputs 'Symfony2 developer'

Route members

On the previous example the fields name and title did not match. You can route members this way:

<?php

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');
// create default map and route members
$mapper->createMap('My\SourcePost', 'My\DestinationPost')
       ->route('title', 'name');

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->name = 'AutoMapper Bundle';
$destination = new DestinationPost();

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

echo $destination->title; // outputs 'AutoMapper Bundle'

Note that if title or name is private, it will try to use getter and setter to route the member.

Map member with a closure

If you need some extra computation when mapping a member, you can provide a closure that will handle a specific member:

<?php

use BCC\AutoMapperBundle\Mapper\FieldAccessor\Closure;

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');
// create default map and override members
$mapper->createMap('My\SourcePost', 'My\DestinationPost')
       ->forMember('title', new Closure(function(SourcePost $source){
           return \strtoupper($source->name);
       }));

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->name = 'AutoMapper Bundle';
$destination = new DestinationPost();

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

echo $destination->title; // outputs 'AUTOMAPPER BUNDLE'

Map a graph

You can map the author->name member this way:

<?php

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');
// create default map and override members
$mapper->createMap('My\SourcePost', 'My\DestinationPost')
       ->route('author', 'author.name');

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->author = new SourceAuthor();
$source->author->name = 'Michel';
$destination = new DestinationPost();
$mapper = new Mapper();

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

echo $destination->author; // outputs 'Michel'

Note that if there are private members, it will try to use getter and setter to route the member.

Use Symfony Expression Language

If you want to define how properties are accessed, use Expression field accessor: You can read all documentation about ExpressionLanguage.

<?php

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');
// create default map and override members
$mapper->createMap('My\SourcePost', 'My\DestinationPost')
       ->forMember('author', new Expression('author.getFullName()'));

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->author = new SourceAuthor();
$source->author->name = 'Michel';
$destination = new DestinationPost();
$mapper = new Mapper();

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

echo destination->author; // outputs 'Michel'

Map to a constant

You can map a specific member to a constant:

<?php

use BCC\AutoMapperBundle\Mapper\FieldAccessor\Constant;

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');
// create default map and override members
$mapper->createMap('My\SourcePost', 'My\DestinationPost')
       ->forMember('title', new Constant('Constant title'));

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->name = 'AutoMapper Bundle';
$destination = new DestinationPost();

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

echo $destination->title; // outputs 'Constant title'

Deep object mapping

You can map a specific member to a constant:

<?php

use BCC\AutoMapperBundle\Mapper\FieldAccessor\Constant;

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');
// create default map
$mapper->createMap('My\SourcePost', 'My\DestinationPost');
// Set property deep mapping
$mapper->filter('author', new ObjectMappingFilter('My\DestinationAuthor'));

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->author = new SourceAuthor();
$destination = new DestinationPost();

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

echo get_class(destination->author); // outputs 'My\DestinationAuthor'

Deep array object mapping

You can map a specific member to a constant:

<?php

use BCC\AutoMapperBundle\Mapper\FieldAccessor\Constant;

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');
// create default map
$mapper->createMap('My\SourcePost', 'My\DestinationPost');
// Set property deep mapping
$mapper->filter('comments', new ArrayObjectMappingFilter('My\DestinationComment'));

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->comments = array(
    new SourceComment(),
    new SourceComment(),
);
$destination = new DestinationPost();

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

echo get_class(destination->comments[0]); // outputs 'My\DestinationComment'

Apply a filter

You can apply a filter to a mapped member. Right now there is just a IfNull filter that applies a default value if the field could not be mapped or is mapped on a null value:

<?php

use BCC\AutoMapperBundle\Mapper\FieldAccessor\IfNull;

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');
// create default map and override members
$mapper->createMap('My\SourcePost', 'My\DestinationPost')
       ->filter('title', new IfNull('Default title'));

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->name = 'AutoMapper Bundle';
$destination = new DestinationPost();

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

echo $destination->title; // outputs 'Default title'

Register a map

You can define map and add them to the Mapper at the container level.

Extend the BCC\AutoMapperBundle\Mapper\AbstractMap class:

<?php

namespace My;

use BCC\AutoMapperBundle\Mapper\AbstractMap;

class PostMap extends AbstractMap {

    function __construct() {
        $this->buildDefaultMap(); // generate the default map
        $this->route('title', 'name'); // override the title member
    }

    public function getDestinationType() {
        return 'My\DestinationPost';
    }

    public function getSourceType() {
        return 'My\SourcePost';
    }

}

Don't forget to declare it as a service with the bcc_auto_mapper.map tag:

<service id="my.map" class="My\PostMap">
    <tag name="bcc_auto_mapper.map" />
</service>

You can now use the mapper directly:

<?php

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->name = 'AutoMapper Bundle';
$destination = new DestinationPost();

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

echo $destination->title; // outputs 'AutoMapper Bundle'

Ignore a field

You can ignore a destination field.

<?php

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');
// create default map
$mapper->createMap('My\SourcePost', 'My\DestinationPost')
    ->ignoreMember('description');

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->description = 'Symfony2 developer';
$destination = new DestinationPost();

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

var_dump($destination->description); // ignored, will be null

Do not overwrite already set field

You can have the mapper not overwrite a field that is set on the destination.

<?php

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');
// create default map
$mapper->createMap('My\SourcePost', 'My\DestinationPost')
    ->setOverwriteIfSet(false);

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->description = 'Symfony2 developer';
$destination = new DestinationPost();
$destination->description = 'Foo bar';

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

var_dump($destination->description); // will be 'Foo bar'

Skip null

You can skip a field that is null.

<?php

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');
// create default map
$mapper->createMap('My\SourcePost', 'My\DestinationPost')
       ->setSkipNull(true);

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->description = null;
$destination = new DestinationPost();
$destination->description = 'Foo bar';

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

var_dump($destination->description); // will be 'Foo bar'