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An object to object mapper

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README.markdown

Intro to AutoMapper

Inspired by http://github.com/AutoMapper/AutoMapper, this Bundle provides a object to object mapper.

Build Status

Installation and configuration:

Get the bundle

Add to your /deps file :

[BCCAutoMapperBundle]
    git=http://github.com/michelsalib/BCCAutoMapperBundle.git
    target=/bundles/BCC/AutoMapperBundle

And make a php bin/vendors install.

Register the namespace

<?php

    // app/autoload.php
    $loader->registerNamespaces(array(
        'BCC' => __DIR__.'/../vendor/bundles',
        // your other namespaces
    ));

Add BCCAutoMapperBundle to your application kernel

<?php

    // app/AppKernel.php
    public function registerBundles()
    {
        return array(
            // ...
            new BCC\AutoMapperBundle\BCCAutoMapperBundle(),
            // ...
        );
    }

Usage examples:

Giving a source and a destination object:

<?php

namespace My;

class SourcePost {

    public $name;
    public $description;
    /**
     * @var SourceAuthor
     */
    public $author;

}

class SourceAuthor {

    public $name;

}

class DestinationPost {

    public $title;
    public $description;
    public $author;

}

Use default map :

THe default map will automatically associate members that have the same name. It will automatically use public properties or look for getters.

You can create a default map and map object this way:

<?php

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');
// create default map
$mapper->createMap('My\SourcePost', 'My\DestinationPost');

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->description = 'Symfony2 developer';
$destination = new DestinationPost();

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

echo destination->description; // outputs 'Symfony2 developer'

Route members

On the previous example the fields name and title did not match. You can route members this way:

<?php

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');
// create default map and route members
$mapper->createMap('My\SourcePost', 'My\DestinationPost')
       ->route('title', 'name');

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->name = 'AutoMapper Bundle';
$destination = new DestinationPost();

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

echo destination->title; // outputs 'AutoMapper Bundle'

Note that if title or name is private, it will try to use getter and setter to route the member.

Map member with a closure

If you need some extra computation when mapping a member, you can provide a closure that will handle a specific member:

<?php

use BCC\AutoMapperBundle\Mapper\FieldAccessor\Closure;

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');
// create default map and override members
$mapper->createMap('My\SourcePost', 'My\DestinationPost')
       ->forMember('title', new Closure(function(SourcePost $source){
           return \strtoupper($source->name);
       }));

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->name = 'AutoMapper Bundle';
$destination = new DestinationPost();

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

echo destination->title; // outputs 'AUTOMAPPER BUNDLE'

Map a graph

You can map the author->name member this way:

<?php

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');
// create default map and override members
$mapper->createMap('My\SourcePost', 'My\DestinationPost')
       ->route('author', 'author.name');

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->author = new SourceAuthor();
$source->author->name = 'Michel';
$destination = new DestinationPost();
$mapper = new Mapper();

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

echo destination->author; // outputs 'Michel'

Note that if there are private members, it will try to use getter and setter to route the member.

Map to a constant

You can map a specific member to a constant:

<?php

use BCC\AutoMapperBundle\Mapper\FieldAccessor\Constant;

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');
// create default map and override members
$mapper->createMap('My\SourcePost', 'My\DestinationPost')
       ->forMember('title', new Constant('Constant title'));

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->name = 'AutoMapper Bundle';
$destination = new DestinationPost();

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

echo destination->title; // outputs 'Constant title'

Apply a filter

You can apply a filter to a mapped member. Right now there is just a IfNull filter that applies a default value if the field could not be mapped or is mapped on a null value:

<?php

use BCC\AutoMapperBundle\Mapper\FieldAccessor\IfNull;

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');
// create default map and override members
$mapper->createMap('My\SourcePost', 'My\DestinationPost')
       ->filter('title', new IfNull('Default title'));

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->name = 'AutoMapper Bundle';
$destination = new DestinationPost();

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

echo destination->title; // outputs 'Default title'

Register a map

You can define map and add them to the Mapper at the container level.

Extend the BCC\AutoMapperBundle\Mapper\AbstractMap class:

<?php

namespace My;

use BCC\AutoMapperBundle\Mapper\AbstractMap;

class PostMap extends AbstractMap {

    function __construct() {
        $this->buildDefaultMap(); // generate the default map
        $this->route('title', 'name'); // override the title member
    }

    public function getDestinationType() {
        return 'My\DestinationPost';
    }

    public function getSourceType() {
        return 'My\SourcePost';
    }

}

Don't forget to declare it as a service with the bcc_auto_mapper.map tag:

<service id="my.map" class="My\PostMap">
    <tag name="bcc_auto_mapper.map" />
</service>

You can now use the mapper directly:

<?php

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->name = 'AutoMapper Bundle';
$destination = new DestinationPost();

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

echo destination->title; // outputs 'AutoMapper Bundle'

Ignore a field

You can ignore a destination field.

<?php

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');
// create default map
$mapper->createMap('My\SourcePost', 'My\DestinationPost')
    ->ignoreMember('description');

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->description = 'Symfony2 developer';
$destination = new DestinationPost();

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

var_dump(destination->description); // ignored, will be null

Do not overwrite already set field

You can have the mapper not overwrite a field that is set on the destination.

<?php

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');
// create default map
$mapper->createMap('My\SourcePost', 'My\DestinationPost')
    ->setOverwriteIfSet(false);

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->description = 'Symfony2 developer';
$destination = new DestinationPost();
$destination->description = 'Foo bar';

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

var_dump(destination->description); // will be 'Foo bar'

Skip null

You can skip a field that is null.

<?php

// get mapper
$mapper = $container->get('bcc_auto_mapper.mapper');
// create default map
$mapper->createMap('My\SourcePost', 'My\DestinationPost')
       ->setSkipNull(true);

// create objects
$source = new SourcePost();
$source->description = null;
$destination = new DestinationPost();
$destination->description = 'Foo bar';

// map
$mapper->map($source, $destination);

var_dump(destination->description); // will be 'Foo bar'
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