Permalink
executable file 467 lines (388 sloc) 16 KB
#!/usr/bin/env python
#
# This file is part of the MicroPython project, http://micropython.org/
#
# The MIT License (MIT)
#
# Copyright (c) 2014-2016 Damien P. George
# Copyright (c) 2017 Paul Sokolovsky
#
# Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
# of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
# in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
# to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
# copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
# furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
#
# The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
# all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
#
# THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
# IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
# FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
# AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
# LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
# OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
# THE SOFTWARE.
"""
pyboard interface
This module provides the Pyboard class, used to communicate with and
control a MicroPython device over a communication channel. Both real
boards and emulated devices (e.g. running in QEMU) are supported.
Various communication channels are supported, including a serial
connection, telnet-style network connection, external process
connection.
Example usage:
import pyboard
pyb = pyboard.Pyboard('/dev/ttyACM0')
Or:
pyb = pyboard.Pyboard('192.168.1.1')
Then:
pyb.enter_raw_repl()
pyb.exec('pyb.LED(1).on()')
pyb.exit_raw_repl()
Note: if using Python2 then pyb.exec must be written as pyb.exec_.
To run a script from the local machine on the board and print out the results:
import pyboard
pyboard.execfile('test.py', device='/dev/ttyACM0')
This script can also be run directly. To execute a local script, use:
./pyboard.py test.py
Or:
python pyboard.py test.py
"""
import sys
import time
import os
try:
stdout = sys.stdout.buffer
except AttributeError:
# Python2 doesn't have buffer attr
stdout = sys.stdout
def stdout_write_bytes(b):
b = b.replace(b"\x04", b"")
stdout.write(b)
stdout.flush()
class PyboardError(BaseException):
pass
class TelnetToSerial:
def __init__(self, ip, user, password, read_timeout=None):
import telnetlib
self.tn = telnetlib.Telnet(ip, timeout=15)
self.read_timeout = read_timeout
if b'Login as:' in self.tn.read_until(b'Login as:', timeout=read_timeout):
self.tn.write(bytes(user, 'ascii') + b"\r\n")
if b'Password:' in self.tn.read_until(b'Password:', timeout=read_timeout):
# needed because of internal implementation details of the telnet server
time.sleep(0.2)
self.tn.write(bytes(password, 'ascii') + b"\r\n")
if b'for more information.' in self.tn.read_until(b'Type "help()" for more information.', timeout=read_timeout):
# login successful
from collections import deque
self.fifo = deque()
return
raise PyboardError('Failed to establish a telnet connection with the board')
def __del__(self):
self.close()
def close(self):
try:
self.tn.close()
except:
# the telnet object might not exist yet, so ignore this one
pass
def read(self, size=1):
while len(self.fifo) < size:
timeout_count = 0
data = self.tn.read_eager()
if len(data):
self.fifo.extend(data)
timeout_count = 0
else:
time.sleep(0.25)
if self.read_timeout is not None and timeout_count > 4 * self.read_timeout:
break
timeout_count += 1
data = b''
while len(data) < size and len(self.fifo) > 0:
data += bytes([self.fifo.popleft()])
return data
def write(self, data):
self.tn.write(data)
return len(data)
def inWaiting(self):
n_waiting = len(self.fifo)
if not n_waiting:
data = self.tn.read_eager()
self.fifo.extend(data)
return len(data)
else:
return n_waiting
class ProcessToSerial:
"Execute a process and emulate serial connection using its stdin/stdout."
def __init__(self, cmd):
import subprocess
self.subp = subprocess.Popen(cmd.split(), bufsize=0, shell=True, preexec_fn=os.setsid,
stdin=subprocess.PIPE, stdout=subprocess.PIPE)
# Initially was implemented with selectors, but that adds Python3
# dependency. However, there can be race conditions communicating
# with a particular child process (like QEMU), and selectors may
# still work better in that case, so left inplace for now.
#
#import selectors
#self.sel = selectors.DefaultSelector()
#self.sel.register(self.subp.stdout, selectors.EVENT_READ)
import select
self.poll = select.poll()
self.poll.register(self.subp.stdout.fileno())
def close(self):
import signal
os.killpg(os.getpgid(self.subp.pid), signal.SIGTERM)
def read(self, size=1):
data = b""
while len(data) < size:
data += self.subp.stdout.read(size - len(data))
return data
def write(self, data):
self.subp.stdin.write(data)
return len(data)
def inWaiting(self):
#res = self.sel.select(0)
res = self.poll.poll(0)
if res:
return 1
return 0
class ProcessPtyToTerminal:
"""Execute a process which creates a PTY and prints slave PTY as
first line of its output, and emulate serial connection using
this PTY."""
def __init__(self, cmd):
import subprocess
import re
import serial
self.subp = subprocess.Popen(cmd.split(), bufsize=0, shell=False, preexec_fn=os.setsid,
stdin=subprocess.PIPE, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.PIPE)
pty_line = self.subp.stderr.readline().decode("utf-8")
m = re.search(r"/dev/pts/[0-9]+", pty_line)
if not m:
print("Error: unable to find PTY device in startup line:", pty_line)
self.close()
sys.exit(1)
pty = m.group()
# rtscts, dsrdtr params are to workaround pyserial bug:
# http://stackoverflow.com/questions/34831131/pyserial-does-not-play-well-with-virtual-port
self.ser = serial.Serial(pty, interCharTimeout=1, rtscts=True, dsrdtr=True)
def close(self):
import signal
os.killpg(os.getpgid(self.subp.pid), signal.SIGTERM)
def read(self, size=1):
return self.ser.read(size)
def write(self, data):
return self.ser.write(data)
def inWaiting(self):
return self.ser.inWaiting()
class Pyboard:
def __init__(self, device, baudrate=115200, user='micro', password='python', wait=0):
if device.startswith("exec:"):
self.serial = ProcessToSerial(device[len("exec:"):])
elif device.startswith("execpty:"):
self.serial = ProcessPtyToTerminal(device[len("qemupty:"):])
elif device and device[0].isdigit() and device[-1].isdigit() and device.count('.') == 3:
# device looks like an IP address
self.serial = TelnetToSerial(device, user, password, read_timeout=10)
else:
import serial
delayed = False
for attempt in range(wait + 1):
try:
self.serial = serial.Serial(device, baudrate=baudrate, interCharTimeout=1)
break
except (OSError, IOError): # Py2 and Py3 have different errors
if wait == 0:
continue
if attempt == 0:
sys.stdout.write('Waiting {} seconds for pyboard '.format(wait))
delayed = True
time.sleep(1)
sys.stdout.write('.')
sys.stdout.flush()
else:
if delayed:
print('')
raise PyboardError('failed to access ' + device)
if delayed:
print('')
def close(self):
self.serial.close()
def read_until(self, min_num_bytes, ending, timeout=10, data_consumer=None):
data = self.serial.read(min_num_bytes)
if data_consumer:
data_consumer(data)
timeout_count = 0
while True:
if data.endswith(ending):
break
elif self.serial.inWaiting() > 0:
new_data = self.serial.read(1)
data = data + new_data
if data_consumer:
data_consumer(new_data)
timeout_count = 0
else:
timeout_count += 1
if timeout is not None and timeout_count >= 100 * timeout:
break
time.sleep(0.01)
return data
def enter_raw_repl(self):
self.serial.write(b'\r\x03\x03') # ctrl-C twice: interrupt any running program
# flush input (without relying on serial.flushInput())
n = self.serial.inWaiting()
while n > 0:
self.serial.read(n)
n = self.serial.inWaiting()
self.serial.write(b'\r\x01') # ctrl-A: enter raw REPL
data = self.read_until(1, b'raw REPL; CTRL-B to exit\r\n>')
if not data.endswith(b'raw REPL; CTRL-B to exit\r\n>'):
print(data)
raise PyboardError('could not enter raw repl')
self.serial.write(b'\x04') # ctrl-D: soft reset
data = self.read_until(1, b'soft reboot\r\n')
if not data.endswith(b'soft reboot\r\n'):
print(data)
raise PyboardError('could not enter raw repl')
# By splitting this into 2 reads, it allows boot.py to print stuff,
# which will show up after the soft reboot and before the raw REPL.
data = self.read_until(1, b'raw REPL; CTRL-B to exit\r\n')
if not data.endswith(b'raw REPL; CTRL-B to exit\r\n'):
print(data)
raise PyboardError('could not enter raw repl')
def exit_raw_repl(self):
self.serial.write(b'\r\x02') # ctrl-B: enter friendly REPL
def follow(self, timeout, data_consumer=None):
# wait for normal output
data = self.read_until(1, b'\x04', timeout=timeout, data_consumer=data_consumer)
if not data.endswith(b'\x04'):
raise PyboardError('timeout waiting for first EOF reception')
data = data[:-1]
# wait for error output
data_err = self.read_until(1, b'\x04', timeout=timeout)
if not data_err.endswith(b'\x04'):
raise PyboardError('timeout waiting for second EOF reception')
data_err = data_err[:-1]
# return normal and error output
return data, data_err
def exec_raw_no_follow(self, command):
if isinstance(command, bytes):
command_bytes = command
else:
command_bytes = bytes(command, encoding='utf8')
# check we have a prompt
data = self.read_until(1, b'>')
if not data.endswith(b'>'):
raise PyboardError('could not enter raw repl')
# write command
for i in range(0, len(command_bytes), 256):
self.serial.write(command_bytes[i:min(i + 256, len(command_bytes))])
time.sleep(0.01)
self.serial.write(b'\x04')
# check if we could exec command
data = self.serial.read(2)
if data != b'OK':
raise PyboardError('could not exec command (response: %r)' % data)
def exec_raw(self, command, timeout=10, data_consumer=None):
self.exec_raw_no_follow(command);
return self.follow(timeout, data_consumer)
def eval(self, expression):
ret = self.exec_('print({})'.format(expression))
ret = ret.strip()
return ret
def exec_(self, command):
ret, ret_err = self.exec_raw(command)
if ret_err:
raise PyboardError('exception', ret, ret_err)
return ret
def execfile(self, filename):
with open(filename, 'rb') as f:
pyfile = f.read()
return self.exec_(pyfile)
def get_time(self):
t = str(self.eval('pyb.RTC().datetime()'), encoding='utf8')[1:-1].split(', ')
return int(t[4]) * 3600 + int(t[5]) * 60 + int(t[6])
# in Python2 exec is a keyword so one must use "exec_"
# but for Python3 we want to provide the nicer version "exec"
setattr(Pyboard, "exec", Pyboard.exec_)
def execfile(filename, device='/dev/ttyACM0', baudrate=115200, user='micro', password='python'):
pyb = Pyboard(device, baudrate, user, password)
pyb.enter_raw_repl()
output = pyb.execfile(filename)
stdout_write_bytes(output)
pyb.exit_raw_repl()
pyb.close()
def main():
import argparse
cmd_parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='Run scripts on the pyboard.')
cmd_parser.add_argument('--device', default='/dev/ttyACM0', help='the serial device or the IP address of the pyboard')
cmd_parser.add_argument('-b', '--baudrate', default=115200, help='the baud rate of the serial device')
cmd_parser.add_argument('-u', '--user', default='micro', help='the telnet login username')
cmd_parser.add_argument('-p', '--password', default='python', help='the telnet login password')
cmd_parser.add_argument('-c', '--command', help='program passed in as string')
cmd_parser.add_argument('-w', '--wait', default=0, type=int, help='seconds to wait for USB connected board to become available')
cmd_parser.add_argument('--follow', action='store_true', help='follow the output after running the scripts [default if no scripts given]')
cmd_parser.add_argument('files', nargs='*', help='input files')
args = cmd_parser.parse_args()
# open the connection to the pyboard
try:
pyb = Pyboard(args.device, args.baudrate, args.user, args.password, args.wait)
except PyboardError as er:
print(er)
sys.exit(1)
# run any command or file(s)
if args.command is not None or len(args.files):
# we must enter raw-REPL mode to execute commands
# this will do a soft-reset of the board
try:
pyb.enter_raw_repl()
except PyboardError as er:
print(er)
pyb.close()
sys.exit(1)
def execbuffer(buf):
try:
ret, ret_err = pyb.exec_raw(buf, timeout=None, data_consumer=stdout_write_bytes)
except PyboardError as er:
print(er)
pyb.close()
sys.exit(1)
except KeyboardInterrupt:
sys.exit(1)
if ret_err:
pyb.exit_raw_repl()
pyb.close()
stdout_write_bytes(ret_err)
sys.exit(1)
# run the command, if given
if args.command is not None:
execbuffer(args.command.encode('utf-8'))
# run any files
for filename in args.files:
with open(filename, 'rb') as f:
pyfile = f.read()
execbuffer(pyfile)
# exiting raw-REPL just drops to friendly-REPL mode
pyb.exit_raw_repl()
# if asked explicitly, or no files given, then follow the output
if args.follow or (args.command is None and len(args.files) == 0):
try:
ret, ret_err = pyb.follow(timeout=None, data_consumer=stdout_write_bytes)
except PyboardError as er:
print(er)
sys.exit(1)
except KeyboardInterrupt:
sys.exit(1)
if ret_err:
pyb.close()
stdout_write_bytes(ret_err)
sys.exit(1)
# close the connection to the pyboard
pyb.close()
if __name__ == "__main__":
main()