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Reconfigure a Replica Set with Unavailable Members
.. default-domain:: mongodb
.. contents:: On this page
:backlinks: none
:depth: 1
:class: singlecol
To reconfigure a :term:`replica set` when a **majority** of
members are available, use the :method:`rs.reconfig()`
operation on
the current :term:`primary`, following the example in the
:ref:`Replica Set Reconfiguration Procedure
This document provides steps for re-configuring a
replica set when *only* a **minority** of members are accessible.
You may need to use the procedure, for example, in a
geographically distributed replica set, where *no* local group of
members can reach a majority. See :ref:`replica-set-elections` for more
information on this situation.
.. index:: replica set; reconfiguration
.. _replica-set-force-reconfiguration:
Reconfigure by Forcing the Reconfiguration
This procedure lets you recover while a majority of :term:`replica set`
members are down or unreachable. You connect to any surviving member and
use the ``force`` option to the :method:`rs.reconfig()` method.
The ``force`` option forces a new configuration onto the member. Use this procedure only to
recover from catastrophic interruptions. Do not use ``force`` every
time you reconfigure. Also, do not use the ``force`` option in any automatic
scripts and do not use ``force`` when there is still a :term:`primary`.
To force reconfiguration:
1. Back up a surviving member.
#. Connect to a surviving member and save the current configuration.
Consider the following example commands for saving the configuration:
.. code-block:: javascript
cfg = rs.conf()
#. On the same member, remove the down and unreachable members of the
replica set from the :rsconf:`members` array by
setting the array equal to the surviving members alone. Consider the
following example, which uses the ``cfg`` variable created in the
previous step:
.. code-block:: javascript
cfg.members = [cfg.members[0] , cfg.members[4] , cfg.members[7]]
#. On the same member, reconfigure the set by using the
:method:`rs.reconfig()` command with the ``force`` option set to
.. code-block:: javascript
rs.reconfig(cfg, {force : true})
This operation forces the secondary to use the new configuration. The
configuration is then propagated to all the surviving members listed
in the ``members`` array. The replica set then elects a new primary.
.. note::
When you use ``force : true``, the version number in the replica
set configuration increases significantly, by tens or hundreds
of thousands. This is normal and designed to prevent set version
collisions if you accidentally force re-configurations on both
sides of a network partition and then the network partitioning
#. If the failure or partition was only temporary, shut down or
decommission the removed members as soon as possible.
.. seealso:: :doc:`/tutorial/resync-replica-set-member`