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/*
* Copyright (C) 2007 The Android Open Source Project
*
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/
#include <CoreFoundation/CoreFoundation.h>
#include <IOKit/IOKitLib.h>
#include <IOKit/IOCFPlugIn.h>
#include <IOKit/usb/IOUSBLib.h>
#include <IOKit/IOMessage.h>
#include <mach/mach_port.h>
#include "sysdeps.h"
#include <stdio.h>
#define TRACE_TAG TRACE_USB
#include "adb.h"
#include "usb_vendors.h"
#define DBG D
static IONotificationPortRef notificationPort = 0;
static io_iterator_t* notificationIterators;
struct usb_handle
{
UInt8 bulkIn;
UInt8 bulkOut;
IOUSBInterfaceInterface **interface;
io_object_t usbNotification;
unsigned int zero_mask;
};
static CFRunLoopRef currentRunLoop = 0;
static pthread_mutex_t start_lock;
static pthread_cond_t start_cond;
static void AndroidInterfaceAdded(void *refCon, io_iterator_t iterator);
static void AndroidInterfaceNotify(void *refCon, io_iterator_t iterator,
natural_t messageType,
void *messageArgument);
static usb_handle* CheckInterface(IOUSBInterfaceInterface **iface,
UInt16 vendor, UInt16 product);
static int
InitUSB()
{
CFMutableDictionaryRef matchingDict;
CFRunLoopSourceRef runLoopSource;
SInt32 vendor, if_subclass, if_protocol;
unsigned i;
//* To set up asynchronous notifications, create a notification port and
//* add its run loop event source to the program's run loop
notificationPort = IONotificationPortCreate(kIOMasterPortDefault);
runLoopSource = IONotificationPortGetRunLoopSource(notificationPort);
CFRunLoopAddSource(CFRunLoopGetCurrent(), runLoopSource, kCFRunLoopDefaultMode);
memset(notificationIterators, 0, sizeof(notificationIterators));
//* loop through all supported vendors
for (i = 0; i < vendorIdCount; i++) {
//* Create our matching dictionary to find the Android device's
//* adb interface
//* IOServiceAddMatchingNotification consumes the reference, so we do
//* not need to release this
matchingDict = IOServiceMatching(kIOUSBInterfaceClassName);
if (!matchingDict) {
DBG("ERR: Couldn't create USB matching dictionary.\n");
return -1;
}
//* Match based on vendor id, interface subclass and protocol
vendor = vendorIds[i];
if_subclass = ADB_SUBCLASS;
if_protocol = ADB_PROTOCOL;
CFDictionarySetValue(matchingDict, CFSTR(kUSBVendorID),
CFNumberCreate(kCFAllocatorDefault,
kCFNumberSInt32Type, &vendor));
CFDictionarySetValue(matchingDict, CFSTR(kUSBInterfaceSubClass),
CFNumberCreate(kCFAllocatorDefault,
kCFNumberSInt32Type, &if_subclass));
CFDictionarySetValue(matchingDict, CFSTR(kUSBInterfaceProtocol),
CFNumberCreate(kCFAllocatorDefault,
kCFNumberSInt32Type, &if_protocol));
IOServiceAddMatchingNotification(
notificationPort,
kIOFirstMatchNotification,
matchingDict,
AndroidInterfaceAdded,
NULL,
&notificationIterators[i]);
//* Iterate over set of matching interfaces to access already-present
//* devices and to arm the notification
AndroidInterfaceAdded(NULL, notificationIterators[i]);
}
return 0;
}
static void
AndroidInterfaceAdded(void *refCon, io_iterator_t iterator)
{
kern_return_t kr;
io_service_t usbDevice;
io_service_t usbInterface;
IOCFPlugInInterface **plugInInterface = NULL;
IOUSBInterfaceInterface220 **iface = NULL;
IOUSBDeviceInterface197 **dev = NULL;
HRESULT result;
SInt32 score;
UInt16 vendor;
UInt16 product;
UInt8 serialIndex;
char serial[256];
while ((usbInterface = IOIteratorNext(iterator))) {
//* Create an intermediate interface plugin
kr = IOCreatePlugInInterfaceForService(usbInterface,
kIOUSBInterfaceUserClientTypeID,
kIOCFPlugInInterfaceID,
&plugInInterface, &score);
IOObjectRelease(usbInterface);
if ((kIOReturnSuccess != kr) || (!plugInInterface)) {
DBG("ERR: Unable to create an interface plug-in (%08x)\n", kr);
continue;
}
//* This gets us the interface object
result = (*plugInInterface)->QueryInterface(plugInInterface,
CFUUIDGetUUIDBytes(kIOUSBInterfaceInterfaceID), (LPVOID)
&iface);
//* We only needed the plugin to get the interface, so discard it
(*plugInInterface)->Release(plugInInterface);
if (result || !iface) {
DBG("ERR: Couldn't query the interface (%08x)\n", (int) result);
continue;
}
//* this gets us an ioservice, with which we will find the actual
//* device; after getting a plugin, and querying the interface, of
//* course.
//* Gotta love OS X
kr = (*iface)->GetDevice(iface, &usbDevice);
if (kIOReturnSuccess != kr || !usbDevice) {
DBG("ERR: Couldn't grab device from interface (%08x)\n", kr);
continue;
}
plugInInterface = NULL;
score = 0;
//* create an intermediate device plugin
kr = IOCreatePlugInInterfaceForService(usbDevice,
kIOUSBDeviceUserClientTypeID,
kIOCFPlugInInterfaceID,
&plugInInterface, &score);
//* only needed this to find the plugin
(void)IOObjectRelease(usbDevice);
if ((kIOReturnSuccess != kr) || (!plugInInterface)) {
DBG("ERR: Unable to create a device plug-in (%08x)\n", kr);
continue;
}
result = (*plugInInterface)->QueryInterface(plugInInterface,
CFUUIDGetUUIDBytes(kIOUSBDeviceInterfaceID), (LPVOID) &dev);
//* only needed this to query the plugin
(*plugInInterface)->Release(plugInInterface);
if (result || !dev) {
DBG("ERR: Couldn't create a device interface (%08x)\n",
(int) result);
continue;
}
//* Now after all that, we actually have a ref to the device and
//* the interface that matched our criteria
kr = (*dev)->GetDeviceVendor(dev, &vendor);
kr = (*dev)->GetDeviceProduct(dev, &product);
kr = (*dev)->USBGetSerialNumberStringIndex(dev, &serialIndex);
if (serialIndex > 0) {
IOUSBDevRequest req;
UInt16 buffer[256];
UInt16 languages[128];
memset(languages, 0, sizeof(languages));
req.bmRequestType =
USBmakebmRequestType(kUSBIn, kUSBStandard, kUSBDevice);
req.bRequest = kUSBRqGetDescriptor;
req.wValue = (kUSBStringDesc << 8) | 0;
req.wIndex = 0;
req.pData = languages;
req.wLength = sizeof(languages);
kr = (*dev)->DeviceRequest(dev, &req);
if (kr == kIOReturnSuccess && req.wLenDone > 0) {
int langCount = (req.wLenDone - 2) / 2, lang;
for (lang = 1; lang <= langCount; lang++) {
memset(buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer));
memset(&req, 0, sizeof(req));
req.bmRequestType =
USBmakebmRequestType(kUSBIn, kUSBStandard, kUSBDevice);
req.bRequest = kUSBRqGetDescriptor;
req.wValue = (kUSBStringDesc << 8) | serialIndex;
req.wIndex = languages[lang];
req.pData = buffer;
req.wLength = sizeof(buffer);
kr = (*dev)->DeviceRequest(dev, &req);
if (kr == kIOReturnSuccess && req.wLenDone > 0) {
int i, count;
// skip first word, and copy the rest to the serial string,
// changing shorts to bytes.
count = (req.wLenDone - 1) / 2;
for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
serial[i] = buffer[i + 1];
serial[i] = 0;
break;
}
}
}
}
(*dev)->Release(dev);
DBG("INFO: Found vid=%04x pid=%04x serial=%s\n", vendor, product,
serial);
usb_handle* handle = CheckInterface((IOUSBInterfaceInterface**)iface,
vendor, product);
if (handle == NULL) {
DBG("ERR: Could not find device interface: %08x\n", kr);
(*iface)->Release(iface);
continue;
}
DBG("AndroidDeviceAdded calling register_usb_transport\n");
register_usb_transport(handle, (serial[0] ? serial : NULL), 1);
// Register for an interest notification of this device being removed.
// Pass the reference to our private data as the refCon for the
// notification.
kr = IOServiceAddInterestNotification(notificationPort,
usbInterface,
kIOGeneralInterest,
AndroidInterfaceNotify,
handle,
&handle->usbNotification);
if (kIOReturnSuccess != kr) {
DBG("ERR: Unable to create interest notification (%08x)\n", kr);
}
}
}
static void
AndroidInterfaceNotify(void *refCon, io_service_t service, natural_t messageType, void *messageArgument)
{
usb_handle *handle = (usb_handle *)refCon;
if (messageType == kIOMessageServiceIsTerminated) {
if (!handle) {
DBG("ERR: NULL handle\n");
return;
}
DBG("AndroidInterfaceNotify\n");
IOObjectRelease(handle->usbNotification);
usb_kick(handle);
}
}
//* TODO: simplify this further since we only register to get ADB interface
//* subclass+protocol events
static usb_handle*
CheckInterface(IOUSBInterfaceInterface **interface, UInt16 vendor, UInt16 product)
{
usb_handle* handle = NULL;
IOReturn kr;
UInt8 interfaceNumEndpoints, interfaceClass, interfaceSubClass, interfaceProtocol;
UInt8 endpoint;
//* Now open the interface. This will cause the pipes associated with
//* the endpoints in the interface descriptor to be instantiated
kr = (*interface)->USBInterfaceOpen(interface);
if (kr != kIOReturnSuccess) {
DBG("ERR: Could not open interface: (%08x)\n", kr);
return NULL;
}
//* Get the number of endpoints associated with this interface
kr = (*interface)->GetNumEndpoints(interface, &interfaceNumEndpoints);
if (kr != kIOReturnSuccess) {
DBG("ERR: Unable to get number of endpoints: (%08x)\n", kr);
goto err_get_num_ep;
}
//* Get interface class, subclass and protocol
if ((*interface)->GetInterfaceClass(interface, &interfaceClass) != kIOReturnSuccess ||
(*interface)->GetInterfaceSubClass(interface, &interfaceSubClass) != kIOReturnSuccess ||
(*interface)->GetInterfaceProtocol(interface, &interfaceProtocol) != kIOReturnSuccess) {
DBG("ERR: Unable to get interface class, subclass and protocol\n");
goto err_get_interface_class;
}
//* check to make sure interface class, subclass and protocol match ADB
//* avoid opening mass storage endpoints
if (!is_adb_interface(vendor, product, interfaceClass,
interfaceSubClass, interfaceProtocol))
goto err_bad_adb_interface;
handle = calloc(1, sizeof(usb_handle));
//* Iterate over the endpoints for this interface and find the first
//* bulk in/out pipes available. These will be our read/write pipes.
for (endpoint = 0; endpoint <= interfaceNumEndpoints; endpoint++) {
UInt8 transferType;
UInt16 maxPacketSize;
UInt8 interval;
UInt8 number;
UInt8 direction;
kr = (*interface)->GetPipeProperties(interface, endpoint, &direction,
&number, &transferType, &maxPacketSize, &interval);
if (kIOReturnSuccess == kr) {
if (kUSBBulk != transferType)
continue;
if (kUSBIn == direction)
handle->bulkIn = endpoint;
if (kUSBOut == direction)
handle->bulkOut = endpoint;
handle->zero_mask = maxPacketSize - 1;
} else {
DBG("ERR: FindDeviceInterface - could not get pipe properties\n");
goto err_get_pipe_props;
}
}
handle->interface = interface;
return handle;
err_get_pipe_props:
free(handle);
err_bad_adb_interface:
err_get_interface_class:
err_get_num_ep:
(*interface)->USBInterfaceClose(interface);
return NULL;
}
void* RunLoopThread(void* unused)
{
unsigned i;
InitUSB();
currentRunLoop = CFRunLoopGetCurrent();
// Signal the parent that we are running
adb_mutex_lock(&start_lock);
adb_cond_signal(&start_cond);
adb_mutex_unlock(&start_lock);
CFRunLoopRun();
currentRunLoop = 0;
for (i = 0; i < vendorIdCount; i++) {
IOObjectRelease(notificationIterators[i]);
}
IONotificationPortDestroy(notificationPort);
DBG("RunLoopThread done\n");
return NULL;
}
static int initialized = 0;
void usb_init()
{
if (!initialized)
{
adb_thread_t tid;
notificationIterators = (io_iterator_t*)malloc(
vendorIdCount * sizeof(io_iterator_t));
adb_mutex_init(&start_lock, NULL);
adb_cond_init(&start_cond, NULL);
if(adb_thread_create(&tid, RunLoopThread, NULL))
fatal_errno("cannot create input thread");
// Wait for initialization to finish
adb_mutex_lock(&start_lock);
adb_cond_wait(&start_cond, &start_lock);
adb_mutex_unlock(&start_lock);
adb_mutex_destroy(&start_lock);
adb_cond_destroy(&start_cond);
initialized = 1;
}
}
void usb_cleanup()
{
DBG("usb_cleanup\n");
close_usb_devices();
if (currentRunLoop)
CFRunLoopStop(currentRunLoop);
if (notificationIterators != NULL) {
free(notificationIterators);
notificationIterators = NULL;
}
}
int usb_write(usb_handle *handle, const void *buf, int len)
{
IOReturn result;
if (!len)
return 0;
if (!handle)
return -1;
if (NULL == handle->interface) {
DBG("ERR: usb_write interface was null\n");
return -1;
}
if (0 == handle->bulkOut) {
DBG("ERR: bulkOut endpoint not assigned\n");
return -1;
}
result =
(*handle->interface)->WritePipe(
handle->interface, handle->bulkOut, (void *)buf, len);
if ((result == 0) && (handle->zero_mask)) {
/* we need 0-markers and our transfer */
if(!(len & handle->zero_mask)) {
result =
(*handle->interface)->WritePipe(
handle->interface, handle->bulkOut, (void *)buf, 0);
}
}
if (0 == result)
return 0;
DBG("ERR: usb_write failed with status %d\n", result);
return -1;
}
int usb_read(usb_handle *handle, void *buf, int len)
{
IOReturn result;
UInt32 numBytes = len;
if (!len) {
return 0;
}
if (!handle) {
return -1;
}
if (NULL == handle->interface) {
DBG("ERR: usb_read interface was null\n");
return -1;
}
if (0 == handle->bulkIn) {
DBG("ERR: bulkIn endpoint not assigned\n");
return -1;
}
result =
(*handle->interface)->ReadPipe(handle->interface,
handle->bulkIn, buf, &numBytes);
if (0 == result)
return 0;
else {
DBG("ERR: usb_read failed with status %d\n", result);
}
return -1;
}
int usb_close(usb_handle *handle)
{
return 0;
}
void usb_kick(usb_handle *handle)
{
/* release the interface */
if (!handle)
return;
if (handle->interface)
{
(*handle->interface)->USBInterfaceClose(handle->interface);
(*handle->interface)->Release(handle->interface);
handle->interface = 0;
}
}