Communication with the Zabbix API made easy
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zapix.gemspec

README.md

Zapix

Zapix is a tool which makes the communication with the zabbix's api simple.

If you need a more detailed information of how to use zapix see the specs.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'zapix', '0.1.7'

And then execute:

$ bundle install

Or install it with gem:

$ gem install zapix

Usage

Remote client

First create a remote client. Feel free to disable the debug mode if you find it annoying.

require 'zapix'
zrc = ZabbixAPI.connect(
  :service_url => 'https://zabbix-server.foo/api_jsonrpc.php',
  :username => 'guybrush',
  :password => 'threepwood',
  :debug => true
)

Functionality

Hostgroup Operations

Creating a hostgroup

zrc.hostgroups.create('test_hostgroup')

Checking if a hostgroup exists

zrc.hostgroups.exists?('test_hostgroup')

Checking if a hostgroup has any attached hosts

zrc.hostgroups.any_hosts?('test_hostgroup')

Getting all host ids of hosts belonging to a hostgroup

zrc.hostgroups.get_host_ids_of('test_hostgroup')

Deleting a hostgroup

Note that deleting a hostgroups with attached hosts also deletes the hosts.

zrc.hostgroups.delete('test_hostgroup')

Getting the id of a hostgroup

zrc.hostgroups.get_id('test_hostgroup')

Getting all hostgroups names

zrc.hostgroups.get_all

Host Operations

Getting the id of a host

zrc.hosts.get_id('test_host')

Checking if a host exists

zrc.hosts.exists?('test_host')

Getting all host names

zrc.hosts.get_all

Creating a host

Note that in zabbix host cannot exists on its own, it always needs a hostgroup.

hostgroup_id = zrc.hostgroups.get_id('test_hostgroup')

zabbix_interface = Interface.new(
  'ip'  => '127.0.0.1',
  'dns' => 'abrakadabra.com'
)

jmx_interface = Interface.new(
  'ip'  => '127.0.0.1',
  'dns' => 'abrakadabra.com',
  'type' => 4, # JMX
  'main' => 1, # default jmx interface
  'port' => 9003
)

template_1 = zrc.templates.get_id('example_template_1')
template_2 = zrc.templates.get_id('example_template_2')

example_host = Host.new
example_host.add_name('test_host')
example_host.add_interfaces(zabbix_interface.to_hash)
example_host.add_interfaces(jmx_interface.to_hash)
example_host.add_macros({'macro' => '{$TESTMACRO}', 'value' => 'test123'})
example_host.add_group_ids(hostgroup_id)
example_host.add_template_ids(template_1, template_2)
zrc.hosts.create(example_host.to_hash)

Deleting a host

zrc.hosts.delete('test_host')

Template Operations

Checking if a template exists

zrc.templates.exists?('test_template')

Getting the id of a template

zrc.templates.get_id('test_template')

Getting all templates for a host

zrc.templates.get_templates_for_host(zrc.hosts.get_id('test_host'))

Application Operations

Getting the id of an application

Note that an application always belogs to a host.

zrc.applications.get_id({
  'name'   => 'test_app',
  'hostid' => zrc.hosts.get_id('test_name')
})

Creating an application for host

zrc.applications.create({
  'name'   => 'test_application'
  'hostid' => zrc.hosts.get_id('test_host')
})

Web Scenario Operations

Note that a web scenario needs a host and an application in zabbix 2.0.6. This is going to change in the next versions of zabbix. When creating scenarios it also makes sense to create triggers for them.

Checking if a scenario exists

zrc.scenarios.exists?({
  'name'   => 'test_scenario',
  'hostid' => zrc.hosts.get_id('test_host')
})

Getting the id of a scenario

zrc.scenarios.get_id({
  'name'   => 'test_scenario'
  'hostid' => zrc.hosts.get_id('test_host')
})

Creating a scenario

zrc.applications.create({
  'name'   => 'test_app',
  'hostid' => zrc.hosts.get_id('test_name')
})

webcheck_options = Hash.new
webcheck_options['hostid'] = zrc.hosts.get_id('host')
webcheck_options['name'] = 'my first scenario'
webcheck_options['applicationid'] = zrc.applications.get_id('test_app')
webcheck_options['steps'] = [{'name' => 'Homepage', 'url' => 'm.test.de', 'status_codes' => 200, 'no' => 1}]
zrc.scenarios.create(webcheck_options)

Deleting a scenario

zrc.scenarios.delete({
  'name'   => 'test_scenario',
  'hostid' => zrc.hosts.get_id('test_host')
})

Trigger Operations

Checking if a trigger exists

zrc.triggers.exists?({
  'expression' => "{test_host:web.test.fail[test_scenario].max(#3)}#0"
})

Getting the id of a trigger

zrc.triggers.get_id({
  'expression' => "{test_host:web.test.fail[test_scenario].max(#3)}#0"
})

Creating a trigger

options = Hash.new
options['description'] = 'Webpage failed on {HOST.NAME}'
options['expression'] = "{test_host:web.test.fail[test_scenario].max(#3)}#0"
options['priority'] = 2 # 2 means Warning
zrc.triggers.create(options)

Deleting a trigger

trigger_id = zrc.triggers.get_id({
  'expression' => "{test_host:web.test.fail[test_scenario].max(#3)}#0"
})

zrc.triggers.delete(trigger_id)

Usergroups Operations

Checking if a usergroup exists

  zrc.usergroups.exists?({
  'name' => 'test_usergroup'
})

Geting the id of a usergroup

zrc.usergroups.get_id({
  'name' = 'test_usergroup'
})

Creating a usergroup

options = Hash.new
options['name'] = 'test_usergroup'
options['rights'] = {
  'permission' => 3,
  'id' => zrc.hostgroups.get_id('test_hostgroup')
}
zrc.usergroups.create(options)

Deleting a user group

usergroup_id = zrc.usergroups.get_id({'name' => 'test_usergroup'})
zrc.usergroups.delete(usergroup_id)

User Operations

Checking if a user exists

zrc.users.exists?({'alias' => 'max'})

Getting the id of a user

zrc.users.get_id({'alias' => 'max'})

Creating a user

group_id = zrc.usergroups.get_id({'name' => 'test_usergroup'})
user_options = Hash.new

user_options['alias']   = 'igor'
user_options['passwd']  = 'geheim'
user_options['usrgrps'] = [{
  'usrgrpid' => group_id
}]

user_options['user_medias'] = [{
  'mediatypeid' => 1,
  'sendto' => 'support@company.com',
  'active' => 0,
  'severity' => 63,
  'period' => '1-7,00:00-24:00'
}]

zrc.users.create(user_options)

Actions Operations

Checking if an action exists

  zrc.actions.exists?({'name' => 'Report problems to Zabbix administrators'})

Getting the id of an action

  zrc.actions.get_id({'name' => 'Report problems to Zabbix administrators'})

Creating an action

  usergroup_options = Hash.new({'name' = 'test_usergroup'})
  action_options = Hash.new
  action_options['name'] = 'Report problems to Zabbix administrators'
  action_options['eventsource'] = 0
  action_options['evaltype'] = 1 # AND
  action_options['status'] = 1 # Disabled
  action_options['esc_period'] = 3600
  action_options['def_shortdata'] = '{TRIGGER.NAME}: {TRIGGER.STATUS}'
  action_options['def_longdata'] = "{TRIGGER.NAME}: {TRIGGER.STATUS}\r\nLast value: {ITEM.LASTVALUE}\r\n\r\n{TRIGGER.URL}"
  action_options['conditions'] = [{
    'conditiontype' => 0, # Hostgroup
    'operator'      => 0, # =
    'value' => zrc.hostgroups.get_id('Templates')
   },
   # not in maintenance
   {
     'conditiontype' => 16, # Maintenance
     'operator'      => 7,  # not in
     'value'         => 'maintenance'
   }]

  action_options['operations'] = [{
    'operationtype' => 0,
    'esc_period'     => 0,
    'esc_step_from'  => 1,
    'esc_step_to'    => 1,
    'evaltype'       => 0,
    'opmessage_grp'  => [{
      'usrgrpid' => zrc.usergroups.get_id(usergroup_options)
    }],
    'opmessage' => {
      'default_msg' => 1,
      'mediatypeid' => 1
    }
  }]
  zrc.actions.create(action_options)

Remote client and tests

In order to run the rspec tests you need a running zabbix test server.

These environment variables also need to be set:

ZABBIX_API_URL
ZABBIX_API_LOGIN
ZABBIX_API_PASSWORD

TODOs

Open source the docker-compose setup of the whole zabbix installation.

Contributing

  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Don't forget to write tests
  4. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  5. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  6. Create new Pull Request