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README.txt

Git Bugtraq Configuration specification
=======================================
Version 0.4, 2016-07-15


1. Introduction
---------------

Git commits are often related to specific issues (or bugs). The Git
Bugtraq Configuration allows to associate a Git commit with a
corresponding issue ID. Git clients may use this association to provide
additional functionality, like displaying a hyperlink for issue IDs
within a commit message which links to the appropriate issue tracker
web page.

The Git Bugtraq Configuration is similar to Subversion bugtraq
properties[1] and includes concepts of Gerrit commentlinks[2].


2. Configuration options
------------------------

The main configuration namespace is 'bugtraq'.

* bugtraq.url (mandatory)

specifies the URL of the bug tracking system. It must be properly URI
encoded and it has to contain %BUGID%. %BUGID% will be replaced by the
Git client with a concrete issue ID.


* bugtraq.logregex (mandatory),
  bugtraq.loglinkregex (optional) and
  bugtraq.logfilterregex (optional)

specify Perl Compatible Regular Expressions[3] which will be used to
extract the issue ID from a commit message.

logregex must contain exactly one matching group, which extracts
BUGIDs.

If present, loglinkregex will be applied before logregex. It must
contain exactly one matching group, which extracts parts from the
commit message that should show up as a link. logregex will then be
applied to every such link to extract the actual BUGID (which is a part
of the entire link). If loglinkregex is set, logregex must extract
exactly one BUGID.

If present, logfilterregex will be applied before logregex (or
loglinkregex, resp.). It must contain exactly one matching group which
extracts arbitrary parts of the commit message that will be used as
input for logregex (or loglinkregex, resp.).

Every of these regular expressions may contain additional non-matching
groups ('(?:') and matches case-sensitive unless explicitly set to
case-insensitive ('(?i)'). The overall extraction looks as follows:

  commit message -> logfilterregex -> loglinkregex -> logregex -> BUGID

Example: with logfilterregex set to

  [Ii]ssues?:?((\s*(,|and)?\s*#\d+)+)

loglinkregex set to

  #\d+
  
logregex set to

  \d+

and having a commit message like

  Issues #3, #4 and #5: Git Bugtraq Configuration options (see rule #12)

logfilterregex will pick "Issues #3, #4 and #5", loglinkregex will pick
"#3", "#4", "#5" and logregex will pick "3", "4" and "5".

Note: in Git-Config-like files, backslashes need to be escaped (see
section 5).


* bugtraq.loglinktext (optional)

specifies a substitution text which will be used to display issue links
extracted by logregex and loglinkregex, resp. loglinktext must contain
%BUGID% which will be replaced by the concrete issue ID.

Example: with logregex set to "#?(\d+)" and loglinktext set to
"#%BUGID%", a commit message like

  Issue #3, 4, 5: message
  
will be substituted to

  Issue #3, #4, #5: message

with "#3", "#4", "#5" being links to the corresponding issues.


* bugtraq.enabled (optional)

specifies whether this Bugtraq Configuration is enabled. It defaults to
'true'.

* bugtraq.projects (optional)

specifies a comma-separated list of JIRA 'projects' where for each
project the bugtraq functionality will be applied. This works by
looping over all specified projects and substituting %PROJECT% by
the project key. Substitution of %PROJECT% will be performed for
bugtraq.url, bugtraq.logregex, bugtraq.loglinkregex,
bugtraq.logfilterregex and bugtraq.loglinktext. See examples.


3. Multiple configurations
--------------------------

There can be multiple configurations, either to support multiple issue
trackers or alternative configurations for the same issue tracker. In
the latter case, probably only one of these configurations will be
enabled.

When using multiple configurations, the bugtraq namespace is separated
into multiple, disjoint sub-namespaces 'bugtraq.<name>', one for each
configuration.

Example:

  bugtraq.tracker1.url=...
  bugtraq.tracker1.logregex=...
  bugtraq.tracker2.url=...
  bugtraq.tracker2.logregex=...

For a single commit message, all configurations will be applied,
possibly giving multiple issue links to different issue trackers for a
single commit message.

3.1 Handling of intersecting issues IDs

If two issue IDs are intersecting (due to intersecting configurations),
only the issue ID with the lower starting position will be displayed.
The other issue ID will be ignored.


4. Configuration files
----------------------

There are two places where the configuration options can be specified:

* in the .gitbugtraq file in the repository root. This file is using
  the default Git config file layout.

* in $GIT_DIR/config

Options specified in $GIT_DIR/config will override options from
.gitbugtraq.

An example content of .gitbugtraq (note, that '\' need to be escaped):

  [bugtraq]
    url = https://host/browse/SG-%BUGID%
    loglinkregex = SG-\\d+
    logregex = \\d+
    
Exactly the same lines could be added as an additional section to
$GIT_DIR/config as well.


5. logregex examples
--------------------

* From messages like "Fix: #1" or "fixes:  #1, #2 and #3",
  the "1", "2" and "3" should be extracted and the numbers including
  hash-sign (#) should show up as links

  logfilterregex =  "(?i)fix(?:es)?\\: ((\\s*(,|and)?\\s*#\\d+)+)"
  loglinkregex = #\\d+
  logregex = \\d+

* From messages like "Bug: #1" or "Bug IDs: #1; #2; #3" or
  "Cases: #1, #2" the "1", "2" and "3" should be extracted and only the
  numbers itself should show up as links

  logfilterregex =
    "(?i)(?:Bug[zs]?\\s*IDs?\\s*|Cases?)[#:; ]+((\\d+[ ,:;#]*)+)"
  logregex = \\d+

* From a message like "PRJA-1: test, PRJB-2: tset" with following
  configuration:

  projects = PRJA, PRJB
  url = https://server/browse/%PROJECT%-%BUGID%
  loglinkregex = %PROJECT%-\\d+
  logregex = \\d+
  
  Issue ID "1" will be extracted and linked to:
  
  https://server/browse/PRJA-1
  
  and issue ID "2" will be extracted and linked to:
  
  https://server/browse/PRJB-1

  
References
----------

[1] http://tortoisesvn.net/docs/release/TortoiseSVN_en/
    tsvn-dug-bugtracker.html

[2] https://gerrit-review.googlesource.com/Documentation/
    config-gerrit.html#_a_id_commentlink_a_section_commentlink

[3] http://perldoc.perl.org/perlre.html