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nginx module which support to purge ngx_http_(fastcgi|proxy|scgi|uwsgi)_module cache backend
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ngx_cache_purge_module.c

README.md

About

ngx_cache_purge is nginx module which adds ability to purge content from FastCGI, proxy, SCGI and uWSGI caches. A purge operation removes the content with the same cache key as the purge request has.

Sponsors

Work on the original patch was fully funded by yo.se.

Status

This module is production-ready.

Configuration directives (same location syntax)

fastcgi_cache_purge

  • syntax: fastcgi_cache_purge on|off|<method> [purge_all] [from all|<ip> [.. <ip>]]
  • default: none
  • context: http, server, location

Allow purging of selected pages from FastCGI's cache.

proxy_cache_purge

  • syntax: proxy_cache_purge on|off|<method> [purge_all] [from all|<ip> [.. <ip>]]
  • default: none
  • context: http, server, location

Allow purging of selected pages from proxy's cache.

scgi_cache_purge

  • syntax: scgi_cache_purge on|off|<method> [purge_all] [from all|<ip> [.. <ip>]]
  • default: none
  • context: http, server, location

Allow purging of selected pages from SCGI's cache.

uwsgi_cache_purge

  • syntax: uwsgi_cache_purge on|off|<method> [purge_all] [from all|<ip> [.. <ip>]]
  • default: none
  • context: http, server, location

Allow purging of selected pages from uWSGI's cache.

Configuration directives (separate location syntax)

fastcgi_cache_purge

  • syntax: fastcgi_cache_purge zone_name key
  • default: none
  • context: location

Sets area and key used for purging selected pages from FastCGI's cache.

proxy_cache_purge

  • syntax: proxy_cache_purge zone_name key
  • default: none
  • context: location

Sets area and key used for purging selected pages from proxy's cache.

scgi_cache_purge

  • syntax: scgi_cache_purge zone_name key
  • default: none
  • context: location

Sets area and key used for purging selected pages from SCGI's cache.

uwsgi_cache_purge

  • syntax: uwsgi_cache_purge zone_name key
  • default: none
  • context: location

Sets area and key used for purging selected pages from uWSGI's cache.

Configuration directives (Optional)

cache_purge_response_type

  • syntax: cache_purge_response_type html|json|xml|text
  • default: html
  • context: http, server, location

Sets a response type of purging result.

Partial Keys

Sometimes it's not possible to pass the exact key cache to purge a page. For example; when the content of a cookie or the params are part of the key. You can specify a partial key adding an asterisk at the end of the URL.

curl -X PURGE /page*

The asterisk must be the last character of the key, so you must put the $uri variable at the end.

Sample configuration (same location syntax)

http {
    proxy_cache_path  /tmp/cache  keys_zone=tmpcache:10m;

    server {
        location / {
            proxy_pass         http://127.0.0.1:8000;
            proxy_cache        tmpcache;
            proxy_cache_key    $uri$is_args$args;
            proxy_cache_purge  PURGE from 127.0.0.1;
        }
    }
}

Sample configuration (same location syntax - purge all cached files)

http {
    proxy_cache_path  /tmp/cache  keys_zone=tmpcache:10m;

    server {
        location / {
            proxy_pass         http://127.0.0.1:8000;
            proxy_cache        tmpcache;
            proxy_cache_key    $uri$is_args$args;
            proxy_cache_purge  PURGE purge_all from 127.0.0.1;
        }
    }
}

Sample configuration (separate location syntax)

http {
    proxy_cache_path  /tmp/cache  keys_zone=tmpcache:10m;

    server {
        location / {
            proxy_pass         http://127.0.0.1:8000;
            proxy_cache        tmpcache;
            proxy_cache_key    $uri$is_args$args;
        }

        location ~ /purge(/.*) {
            allow              127.0.0.1;
            deny               all;
            proxy_cache_purge  tmpcache $1$is_args$args;
        }
    }
}

Sample configuration (Optional)

http {
    proxy_cache_path  /tmp/cache  keys_zone=tmpcache:10m;

    cache_purge_response_type text;

    server {

        cache_purge_response_type json;

        location / { #json
            proxy_pass         http://127.0.0.1:8000;
            proxy_cache        tmpcache;
            proxy_cache_key    $uri$is_args$args;
        }

        location ~ /purge(/.*) { #xml
            allow              127.0.0.1;
            deny               all;
            proxy_cache_purge  tmpcache $1$is_args$args;
            cache_purge_response_type xml;
        }

        location ~ /purge2(/.*) { # json
            allow              127.0.0.1;
            deny               all;
            proxy_cache_purge  tmpcache $1$is_args$args;
        }
    }

    server {

        location / { #text
            proxy_pass         http://127.0.0.1:8000;
            proxy_cache        tmpcache;
            proxy_cache_key    $uri$is_args$args;
        }

        location ~ /purge(/.*) { #text
            allow              127.0.0.1;
            deny               all;
            proxy_cache_purge  tmpcache $1$is_args$args;
        }

        location ~ /purge2(/.*) { #html
            allow              127.0.0.1;
            deny               all;
            proxy_cache_purge  tmpcache $1$is_args$args;
            cache_purge_response_type html;
        }
    }
}

Solve problems

  • Enabling gzip_vary can lead to different results when clearing, when enabling it, you may have problems clearing the cache. For reliable operation, you can disable gzip_vary inside the location #20.

Testing

ngx_cache_purge comes with complete test suite based on Test::Nginx.

You can test it by running:

$ prove

License

Copyright (c) 2009-2014, FRiCKLE <info@frickle.com>
Copyright (c) 2009-2014, Piotr Sikora <piotr.sikora@frickle.com>
All rights reserved.

This project was fully funded by yo.se.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
are met:
1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
   notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
   notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
   documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
"AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
HOLDERS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
(INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

See also

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