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Access HID devices through Node.JS
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Latest commit 65c96b8 @todbot todbot Merge pull request #131 from dinhbn/master
Add 2 method readSync and readTimeout for easy handle read data from hid device.

node-hid - Access USB HID devices from node.js


npm install node-hid


  • Node.js v0.8 - v4.x+
  • Mac OS X 10.8, Linux (kernel 2.6+), and Windows XP+
  • libudev-dev, libusb-1.0-0-dev (if Linux, see Compile below)
  • git

node-hid now uses node-pre-gyp to store pre-built binary bundles, so usually no compiler is needed to install!

Platforms we pre-build node-hid binaries for:

  • Mac OS X x64: v0.10, v0.12, v4.2.x
  • Windows x64 & x86: v0.10, v0.12, v4.2.x
  • Linux Debian/Ubuntu x64: v4.2.x
  • Raspberry Pi arm: v4.2.x

If node-hid doesn't have a pre-built binary for your system, it will attempt to compile locally. In which case you'll need the Compiler tools mentioned below.

Test it

In the src/ directory, various JavaScript programs can be found that talk to specific devices in some way. Some interesting ones:

To try them out, call them like node src/showdevices.js from the node-hid directory.

How to Use

Load the module

var HID = require('node-hid');

Get a list of all HID devices in the system:

var devices = HID.devices()

devices will contain an array of objects, one for each HID device available. Of particular interest are the vendorId and productId, as they uniquely identify a device, and the path, which is needed to open a particular device.

Here is some sample output:

[ { vendorId: 1452,
    productId: 595,
    path: 'USB_05ac_0253_0x100a148e0',
    serialNumber: '',
    manufacturer: 'Apple Inc.',
    product: 'Apple Internal Keyboard / Trackpad',
    release: 280,
    interface: -1 },
  { vendorId: 1452,
    productId: 595,
    path: 'USB_05ac_0253_0x100a14e20',
    serialNumber: '',
    manufacturer: 'Apple Inc.',
    product: 'Apple Internal Keyboard / Trackpad',
    release: 280,
    interface: -1 },
<and more>

NOTE: Most keyboard & mice-like HID devices cannot be seen by node-hid on Windows & Mac. This is not a limitation of node-hid but a limitation of all user-space libraries. This is a security feature of the OS to prevent input device snooping.

Opening a device

Before a device can be read from or written to, it must be opened. The path can be determined by a prior HID.devices() call. Use either the path from the list returned by a prior call to HID.devices():

var device = new HID.HID(path);

or open the first device matching a VID/PID pair:

var device = new HID.HID(vid,pid);

device will contain a handle to the device. If an error occurs opening the device, an exception will be thrown.

Reading from a device

Reading from a device is performed by registering a "data" event handler:

device.on("data", function(data) {});

You can also listen for errors like this:

device.on("error", function(err) {});

All reading is asynchronous.

Writing to a device

Writing to a device is performed using the write call in a device handle. All writing is synchronous.

device.write([0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x05, 0xff, 0xff]);


  • The write() method sends OUTPUT reports. To send Feature reports, see the sendFeatureReport() method below.
  • Some devices use reportIds for OUTPUT reports. If that is the case, the first byte of the array to write() should be the reportId.

Complete API

var device = new HID.HID(path);

Event: "data"

  • chunk - Buffer - the data read from the device

Event: "error"

  • error - The error Object emitted


  • data - the data to be synchronously written to the device


Closes the device. Subsequent reads will raise an error.


Pauses reading and the emission of data events.


This method will cause the HID device to resume emmitting data events. If no listeners are registered for the data event, data will be lost.

When a data event is registered for this HID device, this method will be automatically called.

Low-level function call to initiate an asynchronous read from the device. callback is of the form callback(err, data)


  • data - data of HID feature report, with 0th byte being report_id ([report_id,...])

device.getFeatureReport(report_id, report_length)

  • report_id - HID feature report id to get
  • report_length - length of report

Notes for Specific Devices

  • Xbox 360 Controller on Windows 10 -- does not work

Compiling from source

To compile & develop locally (or if node-pre-gyp cannot find a pre-built binary for you), you will need the following tools:

  • Mac OS X 10.8+
  • Windows XP+
  • Linux (kernel 2.6+)
    • Compiler tools (apt-get install build-essential git for Debian/Ubuntu/Raspian)
    • libudev-dev (Fedora: yum install libusbx-devel)
    • libusb-1.0-0-dev (Ubuntu versions missing libusb.h only)
    • gcc-4.8+ (apt-get install gcc-4.8 g++-4.8 && export CXX=g++-4.8)

You'll also need to issue the following command in the 'node-hid' directory:

git submodule update --init   # done on publish automatically
npm install       # rebuilds the module

Once you do that, you can then rebuild from source with:

./node_modules/.bin/node-pre-gyp rebuild


Please use the node-hid github issues page for support questions and issues.

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