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A service that creates digests of bill comments from the Senate's OpenLegislation service, and allows Senators and their staff to sign up to receive these digests.
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BillBuzz is web based subscription service that sends regular digest email of Disqus comments on Senate legislation to active users. Instead of user accounts, BillBuzz uses emailed confirmation links to verify all user actions.


  • Maven - Maven2 required.
  • Tomcat - Tomcat7 required.
  • Java - Java7 required.


  • Clone the repository.
  • Run bin/ to do a local maven install of the nysenate-java-utils dependency.
  • Create a new database and load the src/main/resources/schema.sql file.
  • In src/main/resources/ copy to and fill in blanks as documented.
  • mvn clean package
  • bin/ UpdateSenators -e src/main/resource/ --year 2009 // repeat for 2011, 2013, etc
  • bin/ Setup -e src/main/resource/
  • Copy target/BillBuzz-1.0.war to the Tomcat docRoot and deploy.
  • Set up UpdateSenators, UpdatePosts, and SendDigests on daily cron jobs running in that order.

The Data Process

billbuzz_senator has a unique entry for each senator per 2 year session. This table is maintained via the UpdateSenators script which grabs the latest senator data from Any senator that is currently active in the current session but not in the latest senator info is marked as inactive and removed from the subscription listings on the website.

The UpdatePosts script is responsible for keeping our local database of disqus comments and authors up to date and creating new approvals and updates as necessary. Each bill on OpenLegislation that has been viewed in a browser has a corresponding Disqus thread. Every post by every author to these threads is tracked in the database under the corresponding tables. When we pull new posts down they are all saved to the database. If any comments were approved a new update record is created and linked approval records are created for each approved comment. After pulling new comments, we fetch updates for all older comments that have no recorded action taken (marked approved, spam, or deleted) and see if any actions were taken since last time we checked. All updated comments are saved to the database, any new approvals have corresponding records created.

The SendDigests script combines the approvals and subscription entries for active billbuzz users to generate individual mailings for each user.

User Workflows

The primary workflow for registration and account modification is as follows below:

  • User Signup Form -> create inactive user and send automated confirmation email with link to the user confirmation page.
  • User Confirmation Page -> activate user on page load.
  • Update Request Form -> send automated update authorization email with link to the user update form.
  • Update Form -> update user preferences and (re)activate user on submit.
  • Unsubscribe Request Form -> send automated unsubscribe authorization email with link to the unsubscribe confirmation page.
  • Unsubscribe Confirmation Page -> deactivate user on page load

Covered edge case scenarios:

  • A user signs up repeatedly without confirmation: the same confirmation code is used so that prior confirmation links remain valid.
  • A user attempting to update an unconfirmed account will be asked to first confirm/activate their account and try again.
  • A user attempting to signup on a deactivated account will be asked to update their existing account instead.
  • A user attempting to deactivate an unconfirmed account will get an "already inactive" response.

Admin Workflows

Sometimes a digest mailing will die. Using the logs, determine the last user that recieved an email. Then run the SendDigest script with the --startat option with the next user's id. --dryrun can be used to make sure that the mailing will have the desired effect.

Project Organization

  • gov.nysenate.billbuzz.controller: Each web page has its own dedicated controller here.
  • gov.nysenate.billbuzz.disqus: This package is a fully contained Disqus API client. Only the required functionality was implemented at time of writing.
  • gov.nysenate.billbuzz.model: All BillBuzz data objects implemented as Beans for a simple data persistence layer via commons-dbutils.
  • gov.nysenate.billbuzz.scripts: A collection of java scripts for setting up, running, and maintaining a BillBuzz installation.
  • gov.nysenate.billbuzz.util: A collection of utilities for common BillBuzz tasks.

Data Model

  • Users have many subscriptions and a single confirmation per action taken (signup, update, unsubscribe) with at most one unresolved confirmation per action type.
  • When the UpdatePosts script finds newly approved comments a BillBuzz update is created with 1 or more BillBuzz approvals.
  • Threads have many Posts which each have a single Author.
  • Threads represent a single bill with a single sponsoring senator. Not all threads have known or "real" senators as sponsors though; sometimes sponsor will be BUDGET or RULES.

Miscellaneous Notes

  • Disqus changes their API pretty frequently which could possibly break the XML parser. Make sure to setup alerts on cronjob errors.
  • DisqusAuthors don't always have ids due to anonymity. As such, BillBuzzAuthor ids can be either a unique DisqusID or the Disqus email hash value. This is possibly incorrect behavior but shouldn't affect our mailings at all. It just means our data might be poorly normalized.
  • The Disqus2BillBuzz conversion can be pretty messy. Any data issues probably be traced back to that step somehow.
  • Heavy use of maps and inconsistent casing has lead to mailing errors in the past. Be careful.
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