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Determine the Web browser, version, and platform from an HTTP user agent string
Perl

v2.01

    - Handle "CriOS" entries correctly (andrewmoise)
    - Only detect java when no browser is detected, and make UCBrowser a
      detected browser (andrewmoise)
    - Detect "tablet" on Kindle Fire (and Chrome on Android tablets in general)
      (andrewmoise)
    - Distinguish Android tablets in device_string (andrewmoise)
    - Handle CriOS, rubylib, golib, and Dalvik (andrewmoise)
    - Detect "Mobilesafari/" as Mobile Safari (andrewmoise)
    - Detect "Windows 2000" as Win2k (andrewmoise)
    - Only detect NCR Unix on word boundary (andrewmoise)
    - Try tighter detection of robot names based on fragments (andrewmoise)
    - Fix java detection to be more strict (andrewmoise)
    - Fix up Android tablet detection (andrewmoise)
    - Add proper detection for old Windows versions in Opera (andrewmoise)
    - Add apache http client detection (andrewmoise)
    - Fix detection of SCO Unix to trigger fewer false positives (andrewmoise)
    - Correct detection of (most) robots based on "+http://blah" (andrewmoise)
latest commit 21898887db
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Changes v2.01
MANIFEST.SKIP Enables Travis CI
README Updates README
TODO * Add apache http client detection
cpanfile Updates docs.
dist.ini Bumps version to 2.01

README

SYNOPSIS

        use HTTP::BrowserDetect;
    
        my $ua = HTTP::BrowserDetect->new($user_agent_string);
    
        # Print general information
        print "Browser: $ua->browser_string\n"
            if $ua->browser_string;
        print "Version: $ua->browser_version$ua->browser_beta\n"
            if $ua->browser_version;
        print "OS: $ua->os_string\n"
            if $ua->os_string;
    
        # Detect operating system
        if ($ua->windows) {
          if ($ua->winnt) ...
          if ($ua->win95) ...
        }
        print "Mac\n" if $ua->macosx;
    
        # Detect browser vendor and version
        print "Safari\n" if $ua->safari;
        print "MSIE\n" if $ua->ie;
        print "Mobile\n" if $ua->mobile;
        if ($ua->browser_major(4)) {
        if ($ua->browser_minor() > .5) {
            ...
        }
        }
        if ($ua->browser_version() > 4.5) {
          ...;
        }

DESCRIPTION

    The HTTP::BrowserDetect object does a number of tests on an HTTP user
    agent string. The results of these tests are available via methods of
    the object.

    This module was originally based upon the JavaScript browser detection
    code available at
    http://www.mozilla.org/docs/web-developer/sniffer/browser_type.html.

CONSTRUCTOR AND STARTUP

 new()

        HTTP::BrowserDetect->new( $user_agent_string )

    The constructor may be called with a user agent string specified.
    Otherwise, it will use the value specified by $ENV{'HTTP_USER_AGENT'},
    which is set by the web server when calling a CGI script.

SUBROUTINES/METHODS

Browser Information

 browser()

    Returns the browser, as one of the following values:

    chrome, firefox, ie, opera, safari, applecoremedia, blackberry,
    browsex, dalvik, elinks, links, lynx, emacs, epiphany, galeon,
    konqueror, icab, lotusnotes, mosaic, mozilla, netfront, netscape, n3ds,
    dsi, obigo, realplayer, seamonkey, silk, staroffice, ucbrowser, webtv

    If the browser could not be identified (either because unrecognized or
    because it is a robot), returns undef.

 browser_string()

    Returns a human formatted version of the browser name. These names are
    subject to change and are meant for display purposes. This may include
    information additional to what's in browser() (e.g. distinguishing
    Firefox from Iceweasel).

    If the user agent could not be identified, or if it was identified as a
    robot instead, returns undef.

Browser Version

    Please note that that the version(), major() and minor() methods have
    been deprecated as of release 1.78 of this module. They should be
    replaced with browser_version(), browser_major(), browser_minor(), and
    browser_beta().

    The reasoning behind this is that version() method will, in the case of
    Safari, return the Safari/XXX numbers even when Version/XXX numbers are
    present in the UserAgent string (i.e. it will return incorrect versions
    for Safari in some cases).

 browser_version()

    Returns the browser version (major and minor) as a string. For example,
    for Chrome 36.0.1985.67, this returns "36.0".

 browser_major()

    Returns the major part of the version as a string. For example, for
    Chrome 36.0.1985.67, this returns "36".

    Returns undef if no version information can be detected.

 browser_minor()

    Returns the minor part of the version as a string. This includes the
    decimal point; for example, for Chrome 36.0.1985.67, this returns ".0".

    Returns undef if no version information can be detected.

 browser_beta()

    Returns any part of the version after the major and minor version, as a
    string. For example, for Chrome 36.0.1985.67, this returns ".1985.67".
    The beta part of the string can contain any type of alphanumeric
    characters.

    Returns undef if no version information can be detected. Returns an
    empty string if version information is detected but it contains only a
    major and minor version with nothing following.

Operating System

 os()

    Returns one of the following strings, or undef:

      windows, winphone, mac, macosx, linux, android, ios, os2, unix, vms,
      chromeos, firefoxos, ps3, psp, rimtabletos, blackberry, amiga

 os_string()

    Returns a human formatted version of the OS name. These names are
    subject to change and are really meant for display purposes. This may
    include information additional to what's in os() (e.g. distinguishing
    various editions of Windows from one another) (although for a way to do
    that that's more suitable for use in program logic, see below under "OS
    related properties").

    Returns undef if no OS information could be detected.

 os_version() =head2 os_major() =head2 os_minor() =head2 os_beta()

    Returns version information for the OS, if any could be detected. The
    format is the same as for the browser_version() functions.

Mobile Devices

 mobile()

    Returns true if the browser appears to belong to a handheld device.

 tablet()

    Returns true if the browser appears to belong to a tablet device.

 device()

    Returns the type of mobile / tablet hardware, if it can be detected.

    Currently returns one of: android, audrey, avantgo, blackberry, dsi,
    iopener, ipad, iphone, ipod, kindle, n3ds, palm, ps3, psp, wap, webos,
    winphone.

    Returns undef if this is not a tablet/mobile device or no hardware
    information can be detected.

 device_string()

    Returns a human formatted version of the hardware device name. These
    names are subject to change and are really meant for display purposes.
    You should use the device() method in your logic. This may include
    additional information (such as the model of phone if it is
    detectable).

    Returns undef if this is not a portable device or if no device name can
    be detected.

Robots

 robot()

    If the user agent appears to be a robot, spider, crawler, or other
    automated Web client, this returns one of the following values:

    lwp, slurp, yahoo, msnmobile, msn, ahrefs, altavista, apache,
    askjeeves, baidu, curl, facebook, getright, googleadsbot,
    googleadsense, googlebotimage, googlebotnews, googlebotvideo,
    googlemobile, google, golib, indy, infoseek, linkexchange, linkchecker,
    lycos, mj12bot, puf, rubylib, scooter, specialarchiver, webcrawler,
    wget, yandexbot, yandeximages, java, unknown

    Returns "unknown" when the user agent is believed to be a robot but is
    not identified as one of the above specific robots.

    Returns undef if the user agent is not a robot or cannot be identified.

    Note that if a robot crafts a user agent designed to impersonate a
    particular browser, we generally set properties appropriate to both the
    actual robot, and the browser it is impersonating. For example,
    googlebot-mobile pretends to be mobile safari so that it will get
    mobile versions of pages. In this case, browser() will return 'safari',
    the properties will generally be set as if for Mobile Safari, the
    'robot' property will be set, and robot() will return 'googlemobile'.

  lib()

    Returns true if the user agent appears to be an HTTP library or tool
    (e.g. LWP, curl, wget, java). Generally libraries are also classified
    as robots, although it is impossible to tell whether they are being
    operated by an automated system or a human.

  robot_string()

    Returns a human formatted version of the robot name. These names are
    subject to change and are meant for display purposes. This may include
    additional information (e.g. robots which return "unknown" from robot()
    generally can be identified in a human-readable fashion by reading
    robot_string() ).

Browser Properties

    Operating systems, devices, browser names, rendering engines, and
    true-or-false methods (e.g. "mobile" and "lib") are all browser
    properties. For example, calling browser_properties() for Mobile Safari
    running on an Android will return this list:

    ('android', 'device', 'mobile', 'mobile_safari', 'safari', 'webkit')

 browser_properties()

    Returns all properties for this user agent, as a list. Note that
    because a large number of cases must be considered, this will take
    significantly more time than simply querying the particular methods you
    care about.

    A mostly complete list of properties follows (i.e. each of these
    methods is both a method you can call, and also a property that may be
    in the list returned by browser_properties() ). In addition to this
    list, robot(), lib(), device(), mobile(), and tablet() are all browser
    properties.

 OS related properties

    The following methods are available, each returning a true or false
    value. Some methods also test for the operating system version. The
    indentations below show the hierarchy of tests (for example, win2k is
    considered a type of winnt, which is a type of win32)

  windows()

        win16 win3x win31
        win32
            winme win95 win98
            winnt
                win2k winxp win2k3 winvista win7
                win8
                    win8_0 win8_1
        wince
        winphone
            winphone7 winphone7_5 winphone8

  dotnet()

  chromeos()

  firefoxos()

  mac()

    mac68k macppc macosx ios

  os2()

  bb10()

  rimtabletos()

  unix()

      sun sun4 sun5 suni86 irix irix5 irix6 hpux hpux9 hpux10
      aix aix1 aix2 aix3 aix4 linux sco unixware mpras reliant
      dec sinix freebsd bsd

  vms()

  amiga()

  ps3gameos()

  pspgameos()

    It may not be possibile to detect Win98 in Netscape 4.x and earlier. On
    Opera 3.0, the userAgent string includes "Windows 95/NT4" on all Win32,
    so you can't distinguish between Win95 and WinNT.

 Browser related properties

    The following methods are available, each returning a true or false
    value. Some methods also test for the browser version, saving you from
    checking the version separately.

  aol aol3 aol4 aol5 aol6

  chrome

  emacs

  firefox

  gecko

  icab

  ie ie3 ie4 ie4up ie5 ie5up ie55 ie55up ie6 ie7 ie8 ie9 ie10 ie11

  ie_compat_mode

    The ie_compat_mode is used to determine if the IE user agent is for the
    compatibility mode view, in which case the real version of IE is higher
    than that detected. The true version of IE can be inferred from the
    version of Trident in the engine_version method.

  konqueror

  lotusnotes

  lynx links elinks

  mobile_safari

  mosaic

  mozilla

  neoplanet neoplanet2

  netfront

  netscape nav2 nav3 nav4 nav4up nav45 nav45up navgold nav6 nav6up

  opera opera3 opera4 opera5 opera6 opera7

  realplayer

    The realplayer method above tests for the presence of either the
    RealPlayer plug-in "(r1 " or the browser "RealPlayer".

  realplayer_browser

    The realplayer_browser method tests for the presence of the RealPlayer
    browser (but returns 0 for the plugin).

  safari

  staroffice

  webtv

    Netscape 6, even though it's called six, in the User-Agent string has
    version number 5. The nav6 and nav6up methods correctly handle this
    quirk. The Firefox test correctly detects the older-named versions of
    the browser (Phoenix, Firebird).

 Device related properties

    The following methods are available, each returning a true or false
    value.

  android

  audrey

  avantgo

  blackberry

  dsi

  iopener

  iphone

  ipod

  ipad

  kindle

  n3ds

  obigo

  palm

  webos

  wap

  psp

  ps3

 Robot properties

    The following additional methods are available, each returning a true
    or false value. This is by no means a complete list of robots that
    exist on the Web.

  ahrefs

  altavista

  apache

  askjeeves

  baidu

  curl

  facebook

  getright

  golib

  google

  googleadsbot

  googleadsense

  googlemobile

  indy

  infoseek

  java

  linkexchange

  lwp

  lycos

  mj12bot

  msn (same as bing)

  puf

  rubylib

  slurp

  webcrawler

  wget

  yahoo

  yandex

  yandeximages

 Engine properties

    The following properties indicate if a particular rendering engine is
    being used.

  webkit

  gecko

  trident

  presto

  khtml

Other methods

 user_agent()

    Returns the value of the user agent string.

    Calling this method with a parameter to set the user agent has now been
    removed; please use HTTP::BrowserDetect->new() to pass the user agent
    string.

 country()

    Returns the country string as it may be found in the user agent string.
    This will be in the form of an upper case 2 character code. ie: US, DE,
    etc

 language()

    Returns the language string as it is found in the user agent string.
    This will be in the form of an upper case 2 character code. ie: EN, DE,
    etc

 engine()

    Returns the rendering engine, one of the following:

    gecko, webkit, khtml, trident, ie, presto, netfront

    Note that this returns "webkit" for webkit based browsers (including
    Chrome/Blink). This is a change from previous versions of this library,
    which returned "KHTML" for webkit.

    Returns undef if none of the above rendering engines can be detected.

 engine_string()

    Returns a human formatted version of the rendering engine.

    Note that this returns "WebKit" for webkit based browsers (including
    Chrome/Blink). This is a change from previous versions of this library,
    which returned "KHTML" for webkit.

    Returns undef if none of the known rendering engines can be detected.

 engine_version() =head2 engine_major() =head2 engine_minor() =head2
 engine_beta()

    Returns version information for the rendering engine, if any can be
    detected. The format is the same as for the browser_version()
    functions.

Deprecated methods

 device_name()

    Deprecated alternate name for device_string()

 version()

    This is probably not what you want. Please use either browser_version()
    or engine_version() instead.

    Returns the version (major and minor) as a string.

    This function returns wrong values for some Safari versions, for
    compatibility with earlier code. browser_version() returns correct
    version numbers for Safari.

 major()

    This is probably not what you want. Please use either browser_major()
    or engine_major() instead.

    Returns the integer portion of the browser version as a string.

    This function returns wrong values for some Safari versions, for
    compatibility with earlier code. browser_version() returns correct
    version numbers for Safari.

 minor()

    This is probably not what you want. Please use either browser_minor()
    or engine_minor() instead.

    Returns the decimal portion of the browser version as a string.

    This function returns wrong values for some Safari versions, for
    compatibility with earlier code. browser_version() returns correct
    version numbers for Safari.

 beta()

    This is probably not what you want. Please use browser_beta() instead.

    Returns the beta version, consisting of any characters after the major
    and minor version number, as a string.

    This function returns wrong values for some Safari versions, for
    compatibility with earlier code. browser_version() returns correct
    version numbers for Safari.

 public_version() =head2 public_major() =head2 public_minor() =head2
 public_beta()

    Deprecated alternate names for the browser_version() family of
    functions.

 gecko_version()

    If a Gecko rendering engine is used (as in Mozilla or Firefox), returns
    the engine version. If no Gecko browser is being used, or the version
    number can't be detected, returns undef.

    This is an old function, preserved for compatibility; please use
    engine_version() in new code.

CREDITS

    Lee Semel, lee@semel.net (Original Author)

    Peter Walsham (co-maintainer)

    Olaf Alders, olaf at wundercounter.com (co-maintainer)

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Thanks to the following for their contributions:

    cho45

    Leonardo Herrera

    Denis F. Latypoff

    merlynkline

    Simon Waters

    Toni Cebrin

    Florian Merges

    david.hilton.p

    Steve Purkis

    Andrew McGregor

    Robin Smidsrod

    Richard Noble

    Josh Ritter

    Mike Clarke

    Marc Sebastian Pelzer

    Alexey Surikov

    Maros Kollar

    Jay Rifkin

    Luke Saunders

    Jacob Rask

    Heiko Weber

    Jon Jensen

    Jesse Thompson

    Graham Barr

    Enrico Sorcinelli

    Olivier Bilodeau

    Yoshiki Kurihara

    Paul Findlay

    Uwe Voelker

    Douglas Christopher Wilson

    John Oatis

    Atsushi Kato

    Ronald J. Kimball

    Bill Rhodes

    Thom Blake

    Aran Deltac

    yeahoffline

    David Ihnen

    Hao Wu

    Perlover

TO DO

    POD coverage is not 100%.

SEE ALSO

    "Browser ID (User-Agent) Strings",
    http://www.zytrax.com/tech/web/browser_ids.htm

    HTML::ParseBrowser.


SUPPORT

    You can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command.

        perldoc HTTP::BrowserDetect

    You can also look for information at:

      * GitHub Source Repository

      http://github.com/oalders/http-browserdetect

      * Reporting Issues

      https://github.com/oalders/http-browserdetect/issues

      * AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation

      http://annocpan.org/dist/HTTP-BrowserDetect

      * CPAN Ratings

      http://cpanratings.perl.org/d/HTTP-BrowserDetect

      * Search CPAN

      https://metacpan.org/module/HTTP::BrowserDetect

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS

    The biggest limitation at this point is the test suite, which really
    needs to have many more UserAgent strings to test against.

CONTRIBUTING

    Patches are certainly welcome, with many thanks for the excellent
    contributions which have already been received. The preferred method of
    patching would be to fork the GitHub repo and then send me a pull
    request, but plain old patch files are also welcome.

    If you're able to add test cases, this will speed up the time to
    release your changes. Just edit t/useragents.json so that the test
    coverage includes any changes you have made. Please contact me if you
    have any questions.

    This distribution uses Dist::Zilla. If you're not familiar with this
    module, please see
    https://github.com/oalders/http-browserdetect/issues/5 for some helpful
    tips to get you started.

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