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Live dashboard for Graphite

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README.md

Tasseo

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Reading the tea leaves.

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Overview

Tasseo is a lightweight, easily configurable, near-realtime dashboard for time-series metrics. Charts are refreshed every two seconds and provide a heads-up view of the most current value.

The default behavior is designed for a retention policy with a 1-second resolution for at least 5 minutes, although this can be modified within the dashboard and metric attributes.

Tasseo was originally designed for the Graphite TSDB, but has since been extended to support InfluxDB and Librato Metrics backend sources.

Configuration

Examples

Creating your own dashboard is as simple as dropping a JSON file into the dashboards directory, committing it, and pushing the code to a Heroku app. The name of your file (minus the .js suffix) becomes the name of your dashboard. Here's an example configuration that you could put in e.g. dashboards/example.js:

var metrics =
[
  {
    "alias": "pulse-events-per-second",
    "target": "pulse.pulse-events-per-second",
    "warning": 100,
    "critical": 500
  }
];

The target attribute is the only mandatory field. As you might expect, each dashboard can contain an arbitrary list of different Graphite metrics. Another perfectly valid example, this time including the dashboard-level attribute period:

var period = 3;
var metrics =
[
  { "target": "pulse.hermes-econns-apps-per-minute" },
  { "target": "pulse.hermes-econns-per-minute" },
  { "target": "pulse.hermes-elevated-route-lookups-per-minute" },
  { "target": "pulse.hermes-errors-per-minute" },
  { "target": "pulse.hermes-h10-per-minute" },
  { "target": "pulse.hermes-h11-per-minute" },
  { "target": "pulse.hermes-h12-per-minute" },
  { "target": "pulse.hermes-h13-per-minute" },
  { "target": "pulse.hermes-h14-per-minute" },
  { "target": "pulse.hermes-h18-per-minute" },
  { "target": "pulse.hermes-h99-per-minute" }
];

As an alternative to static dashboard layouts, it's possible to use a false target to pad cells on the dashboard grid. Because metrics are read in a predictable manner from their respective .js files, this provides a mechanism for organizing an otherwise uncontrollable layout.

var metrics =
[
  { "target": "foo" },
  { "target": false },
  { "target": "bar" }
];

Thresholds

warning and critical thresholds are optional. If defined, the color of the graph will change when the current value exceeds the respective threshold. If the thresholds are reversed (i.e. critical is lower than warning), Tasseo understands that an inverse threshold is expected.

Dashboard Attributes

Dashboard-level attributes are top-level variables defined in your dashboard configuration.

  • period - Range (in minutes) of data to query from Graphite. (optional, defaults to 5)
  • refresh - Refresh interval for charts, in milliseconds. (optional, defaults to 2000)
  • theme - Default theme for dashboard. Currently the only option is dark. (optional)
  • padnulls - Determines whether to pad null values or not. (optional, defaults to true)
  • title - Dictates whether the dashboard title is shown or not. (optional, defaults to true)
  • toolbar - Dictates whether the toolbar is shown or not. (optional, defaults to true)
  • normalColor - Set normal graph color. (optional, defaults to #afdab1)
  • criticalColor - Set critical graph color. (optional, defaults to #d59295)
  • warningColor - Set warning graph color. (optional, defaults to #f5cb56)
  • interpolation - Line smoothing method supported by D3. (optional, defaults to step-after)
  • renderer - Rendering method supported by D3. (optional, defaults to area)
  • stroke - Dictates whether stroke outline is shown or not. (optional, defaults to true)

Metric Attributes

Metric-level attributes are attributes of the metric object(s) in your metrics array.

  • alias - Short name for the metric. (optional)
  • target - Full target name as used by Graphite. Can contain a combination of chained functions. (mandatory)
  • description - Text description or comment. (optional)
  • link - External link to apply to metric name or alias. (optional)
  • warning - Warning threshold. Exceeding this value causes the graph to turn yellow. (optional)
  • critical - Critical threshold. Exceeding this value causes the graph to turn red. (optional)
  • unit - Arbitrary string that can be used to designate a unit value; for example, "Mbps". (optional)
  • series - Name of the InfluxDB series that each target belongs to. (mandatory for InfluxDB)
  • transform - A function that takes the value and returns a transformed value. (optional)
  • where - A where clause to pass to InfluxDB. (optional for InfluxDB)

Deployment

The only required environment variable is GRAPHITE_URL. This should be set to the base URL of your Graphite composer (e.g. https://graphite.yourdomain.com). If your server requires Basic Auth, you can set the GRAPHITE_AUTH variable (e.g. username:password).

Local

$ rvm use 1.9.2
$ bundle install
$ export GRAPHITE_URL=...
$ export GRAPHITE_AUTH=... # e.g. username:password (optional)
$ foreman start
$ open http://127.0.0.1:5000

Heroku

$ export DEPLOY=production/staging/you
$ heroku create -r $DEPLOY -s cedar tasseo-$DEPLOY
$ heroku config:set -r $DEPLOY GRAPHITE_URL=...
$ heroku config:set -r $DEPLOY GRAPHITE_AUTH=...
$ git push $DEPLOY master
$ heroku scale -r $DEPLOY web=1
$ heroku open -r $DEPLOY

Graphite Server Configuration

In order to support CORS with JSON instead of JSONP, we need to allow specific headers and allow the cross-domain origin request. The following are suggested settings for Apache 2.x. Adjust as necessary for your environment or webserver.

Header set Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*"
Header set Access-Control-Allow-Methods "GET, OPTIONS"
Header set Access-Control-Allow-Headers "origin, authorization, accept"

If your Graphite composer is proteced by basic authentication, you have to ensure that the HTTP verb OPTIONS is allowed unauthenticated. This looks like the following for Apache:

<Location />
    AuthName "graphs restricted"
    AuthType Basic
    AuthUserFile /etc/apache2/htpasswd
    <LimitExcept OPTIONS>
      require valid-user
    </LimitExcept>
</Location>

See http://blog.rogeriopvl.com/archives/nginx-and-the-http-options-method/ for an Nginx example.

Alternate Backends

Librato Metrics

Tasseo can be configured to fetch metrics from Librato Metrics instead of Graphite by setting the LIBRATO_AUTH environment variable instead of GRAPHITE_AUTH.

The format of this variable is:

LIBRATO_AUTH=<username>:<token>

By default, all sources for a metric are aggregated. To limit to a specific source, specify the source: option when defining a metric. For instance, to limit to the "web1" source:

{
  target: "fetch.timer",
  source: "web1"
}

If you are sending data less frequently than 1 second, you should adjust the period= and refresh= configuration settings accordingly.

For instance, if you were sending metrics every 60 seconds, this could be sufficient:

var period = 60;
var refresh = 30000;

InfluxDB

Tasseo can also be configured to fetch metrics from an InfluxDB server. The necessary environment variables are INFLUXDB_URL and INFLUXDB_AUTH. Within the configuration, each target must also contain a series attribute.

The formats of these variables are:

INFLUXDB_URL=http://sandbox.influxdb.org:9061/db/<database>
INFLUXDB_AUTH=<username>:<password>

Sample configuration:

var metrics =
[
  {
    target: "available",
    series: "disk_usage",
    transform: function(value) {
      // metric is logged in MB but we want to display GB
      return value / 1024;
    }
  }
]

Is equivalent to the InfluxDB query select available from disk_usage.

GitHub Authentication

To authenticate against a GitHub organization, set the following environment variables:

$ export GITHUB_CLIENT_ID=<id>
$ export GITHUB_CLIENT_SECRET=<secret>
$ export GITHUB_AUTH_ORGANIZATION=<org>

To register an OAuth application, go here: https://github.com/settings/applications

License

Tasseo is distributed under a 3-clause BSD license. Third-party software libraries included with this project are distributed under their respective licenses.

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