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run.Group is a universal mechanism to manage goroutine lifecycles.

Create a zero-value run.Group, and then add actors to it. Actors are defined as a pair of functions: an execute function, which should run synchronously; and an interrupt function, which, when invoked, should cause the execute function to return. Finally, invoke Run, which concurrently runs all of the actors, waits until the first actor exits, invokes the interrupt functions, and finally returns control to the caller only once all actors have returned. This general-purpose API allows callers to model pretty much any runnable task, and achieve well-defined lifecycle semantics for the group.

run.Group was written to manage component lifecycles in func main for OK Log. But it's useful in any circumstance where you need to orchestrate multiple goroutines as a unit whole. Click here to see a video of a talk where run.Group is described.



ctx, cancel := context.WithCancel(context.Background())
g.Add(func() error {
	return myProcess(ctx, ...)
}, func(error) {


ln, _ := net.Listen("tcp", ":8080")
g.Add(func() error {
	return http.Serve(ln, nil)
}, func(error) {


var conn io.ReadCloser = ...
g.Add(func() error {
	s := bufio.NewScanner(conn)
	for s.Scan() {
	return s.Err()
}, func(error) {


Package run is somewhat similar to package errgroup, except it doesn't require actor goroutines to understand context semantics.

It's somewhat similar to package tomb.v1 or tomb.v2, except it has a much smaller API surface, delegating e.g. staged shutdown of goroutines to the caller.