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optlang - sympy based mathematical programming language

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# optlang

Sympy based mathematical programming language

Optlang is a Python package for solving mathematical optimization problems, i.e. maximizing or minimizing an objective function over a set of variables subject to a number of constraints. Optlang provides a common interface to a series of optimization tools, so different solver backends can be changed in a transparent way. Optlang's object-oriented API takes advantage of the symbolic math library sympy to allow objective functions and constraints to be easily formulated from symbolic expressions of variables (see examples).

Show us some love by staring this repo if you find optlang useful!

Also, please use the GitHub issue tracker to let us know about bugs or feature requests, or our gitter channel if you have problems or questions regarding optlang.

## Installation

Install using pip

``pip install optlang``

This will also install swiglpk, an interface to the open source (mixed integer) LP solver GLPK. Quadratic programming (and MIQP) is supported through additional optional solvers (see below).

## Dependencies

The following dependencies are needed.

The following are optional dependencies that allow other solvers to be used.

## Example

Formulating and solving the problem is straightforward (example taken from GLPK documentation):

```from optlang import Model, Variable, Constraint, Objective

# All the (symbolic) variables are declared, with a name and optionally a lower and/or upper bound.
x1 = Variable('x1', lb=0)
x2 = Variable('x2', lb=0)
x3 = Variable('x3', lb=0)

# A constraint is constructed from an expression of variables and a lower and/or upper bound (lb and ub).
c1 = Constraint(x1 + x2 + x3, ub=100)
c2 = Constraint(10 * x1 + 4 * x2 + 5 * x3, ub=600)
c3 = Constraint(2 * x1 + 2 * x2 + 6 * x3, ub=300)

# An objective can be formulated
obj = Objective(10 * x1 + 6 * x2 + 4 * x3, direction='max')

# Variables, constraints and objective are combined in a Model object, which can subsequently be optimized.
model = Model(name='Simple model')
model.objective = obj

status = model.optimize()

print("status:", model.status)
print("objective value:", model.objective.value)
print("----------")
for var_name, var in model.variables.iteritems():
print(var_name, "=", var.primal)```

The example will produce the following output:

``````status: optimal
objective value: 733.333333333
----------
x2 = 66.6666666667
x3 = 0.0
x1 = 33.3333333333``````

### Using a particular solver

If you have more than one solver installed, it's also possible to specify which one to use, by importing directly from the respective solver interface, e.g. `from optlang.glpk_interface import Model, Variable, Constraint, Objective`

## Documentation

Documentation for optlang is provided at readthedocs.org.

## Citation

Please cite if you use optlang in a scientific publication. In case you would like to reference a specific version of of optlang you can also include the respective Zenodo DOI ( points to the latest version).

## Funding

The development of optlang was partly support by the Novo Nordisk Foundation.

## Future outlook

• GAMS output (support non-linear problem formulation)
• DEAP (support for heuristic optimization)
• Interface to NEOS optimization server (for testing purposes and solver evaluation)
• Automatically handle fractional and absolute value problems when dealing with LP/MILP/QP solvers (like GLPK, CPLEX etc.)

optlang - sympy based mathematical programming language

1.8.1 Latest
Oct 29, 2023

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