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README.md

mt-arc4random

This is a thread-Aware, thread-safe version of OpenBSD arc4random (chacha20 based). I cleaned it up and made it portable to all POSIX like OSes. It builds cleanly on OS X, Linux and OpenBSD. In theory, it should just work on any modern Unix.

How is it Thread Aware?

First, I converted every internal function to accept a context variable and prevented them from assuming any global state.

Next, I stashed a per-thread context using the pthread TLS API pthread_getspecific() and pthread_setspecific().

Lastly, I rewrote the publicly visible functions to fetch the context before calling any internal functions.

How do you provide entropy (seed) in a portable way?

This implementation uses an "external" function named getentropy(). On OpenBSD, this is a syscall. I have provided an implementation of getentropy() for POSIX systems via /dev/urandom.

Building and Using this

Using this is very simple:

  • If you are on OpenBSD:

    • Include the supplied arc4random.h in every place where you expect to call arc4random(). This is mandatory - otherwise, you will have a fun time debugging crashes.

    • Add arc4random.c to your build.

  • If you are any Unix like platform:

    • Add the two files arc4random.c and posix_entropy.c to your build system.

    • Include the supplied arc4random.h in every place where you expect to call arc4random()

  • Use the well-known APIs - arc4random() and arc4random_buf() as you always do.

Testing and Performance

There's a small benchmark program called t_arcrand; to build it just run make. It should work on any modern Unix. Tested on OpenBSD, Linux, OS X Darwin.

When run on a retina MacBook Pro 13” (2013) running OS X Yosemite:

./t_arc4rand 16 32 64 256 512
size,      arc4rand,	sysrand,	speed-up
    16,   12.2966,	 	279.9628,	 22.77
    32,   11.3687,	 	268.2029,	 23.59
    64,    9.9161,	 	238.8743,	 24.09
   256,    9.3164,	 	217.1194,	 23.30
   512,    8.3054,	 	204.1270,	 24.58

The results show the CPU cycles consumed by arc4random_buf() to generate "n" bytes of random data. The third column labeled sysrand is the CPU cycles consumed by reading from /dev/urandom. And the last column is the relative speedup between the two.

On debian Linux (sid) x86_64 on a Core-i7 Laptop running the Linux 4.5 kernel, I see:

./t_arc4rand 16 32 64 256 512
size,      arc4rand,	sysrand,	speed-up
    16,    9.6997,	 	255.6211,	 26.35
    32,    7.9821,	 	251.2072,	 31.47
    64,    7.5916,	 	220.8430,	 29.09
   256,    7.4764,	 	206.5079,	 27.62
   512,    7.2225,	 	201.9913,	 27.97

RFC 4122 UUID Generation

There is a short implementatin of RFC 4122 Random number based UUID generation in randuuid.c. This uses the underlying arc4random() implementation. The signature for that function is simple enough void randuuid(uint8_t* buf, size_t n).

Java bindings

The UUID generator has a JNI binding specified in the java/ directory.

How is it licensed?

I don't have any special licensing terms; my changes are subject to the original licensing terms in the file arc4random.c.

-- Sudhi Herle sudhi@herle.net Wed Oct 7 15:07:53 PDT 2015

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Thread-Aware, thread-safe user-space port of OpenBSD arc4random (chacha20)

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