Morphology of the Hebrew Bible
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Open Scriptures Hebrew Bible

The Open Scripures Hebrew Bible (OSHB) is a project to analyze the Hebrew Bible by lemma and morphology. The project is marked up in OSIS XML and currently contains lemma attributes for most words (using an augmentation of Strong’s numbers). We are in the process of adding morphology attributes as well. These files are found in the wlc directory.

Lemma and morphology data are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. For attribution purposes, credit the Open Scriptures Hebrew Bible Project. The text of the WLC remains in the Public Domain. See the LICENSE file for more information.

Additional Resources

  • HomeFiles, along with index.html provide a simple home page for the project, see The OpenScriptures Hebrew Bible

  • MAPM contains our work with the Miqra according to the Mesorah These were done in cooperation with Rabbi Kadish, for comparison with the OSHB. The MapM has since progressed, so our files may not be up to date.

  • OSHB Graphics contains the OSHB logo graphics, for crediting or linking to our resources. See the readme in that directory for more details.

  • structure contains a demo of OSHB Verse, for displaying verses of the Hebrew Bible divided by the cantillation hierarchy. This is a simple implementation for using the n attributes that have been added, for recording and editing the cantillation divisions.

Hebrew Normalization

The SBL Hebrew User Manual has a section entitled, The normalisation issue, pp. 8 ff.

Normalisation is a process by which sequences of characters in text that can be variously encoded but are semantically identical are treated as identically encoded. (p. 8)

Because of the warnings in that manual, along with my experiences dealing with the MapM text from WikiSource, any uses of the OSHB should avoid NFC normalization.

Updated: January 27, 2017