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An Online multiplayer Rock Paper Scissors game using Firebase
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An Online multiplayer Rock Paper Scissors game using Firebase

Game mechanics

  • An online version of the classic Rock, Paper, Scissors game.
  • Whoever selects first will have their buttons grayed out and not active.
    • A P1 true flag is saved to Firebase
  • When second player chooses, their buttons are grayed out
    • A P2 true flag is also saved to Firebase
  • A Firebase listener will check if both P1 and P2 flags are true
    • If both are true, the checkWinner method will run
    • The screen will show the items they chose and display if Player 1 or 2 has won.
  • Winner gets a point which is saved to Firebase
  • The game starts again and the buttons will be active.

Chat function

  • If the player plays for the first time and submits text to chat their name will be defaulted to 'player'.
  • When text is submitted to the chat method, the text string and a time stamp is pushed to Firebase.
    • Using Moment.JS, the moment().unix() method was used to add the time stamp.
    • Unix format was chosen so that I can apply different formats for the chat box window.
  • The player creates a name by pressing Create a name button and a Modal pops up so that they can enter a new name
    • The new name is saved in localStorage()
  • The chat name is preceded by a time stamp.
    • Moment.JS was used to format the time:
    var chat = childSnapshot.val().chat;
    var chatTime = childSnapshot.val().chatTimeStamp;
    var convertedTime = moment(chatTime, "X").format("MM/DD/YY hh:mm:ss");

CSS & JavaScript Modal

  • I created a CSS and JavaScript modal based off the Modal tutorial at

TODOs or Future Implementations

  • Only show Rock, Scissors, or Paper buttons for user. The opponent buttons will not show, only on their screen.
  • If only 1 user is online that user must wait until another player is online, then the game will start or continue.
  • Show who is online

Programming Notes

  • <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width"> in the HTML <head> is needed for Chrome to work with @media queries properly.


Firebase code from the excercises for reference

User IDs

firebase.auth().signInAnonymously().catch(function(error) {
  // Handle Errors here.
  var errorCode = error.code;
  var errorMessage = error.message;
  // ...
  • obtain user id with the following code:
    firebase.auth().onAuthStateChanged(function (user) {
        if (user) {
            // User is signed in.
            var isAnonymous = user.isAnonymous;
            console.log("user signed in?: ", isAnonymous);
            user_id = user.uid;
        } else {
            // User is signed out.

.set() sets a value:

    name: name,
    age: age,
    phone: phone

.ref().on("value", function (snapshot) {..}) - Getting values when changes occur:

    // Firebase watcher + initial loader HINT: .on("value")
    // When changes occurs it will print them to console and html
    database.ref("/contact").on("value", function (snapshot) {

      // Print the initial data to the console.

      // Log the value of the various properties

      // Change the HTML

      // If any errors are experienced, log them to console.
    }, function (errorObject) {
      console.log("The read failed: " + errorObject.code);

.push() - Push to add child data (From 7.3, Excercise 18-19).

    name: name,
    email: email,
    age: age,
    comment: comment,
    dateAdded: firebase.database.ServerValue.TIMESTAMP

.ref).on("child_added", ... - When a child has been added event?

// Firebase watcher + initial loader HINT: .on("value")
dataRef.ref().on("child_added", function(snapshot) {
  // Log everything that's coming out of snapshot

  // Change the HTML to reflect

  // Handle the errors
}, function(errorObject) {
  console.log("Errors handled: " + errorObject.code);

.ref().orderByChild() AND .limitToLast(5) - Sorting and Filtering

  • Sorting: orderByChild()
  • Filtering: limitToLast()
dataREf.ref().orderByChild("dateAdded").limitToLast(5).on("child_added", function(...

.exists() checks to see if there is existing data.

    // If Firebase has a highPrice and highBidder stored (first case)
    if (snapshot.child("highBidder").exists() && snapshot.child("highPrice").exists()) {

        // Set the local variables for highBidder equal to the stored values in firebase.
        highBidder = snapshot.val().highBidder;
        highPrice = parseInt(snapshot.val().highPrice);

Setting Child Name and value

  • database.ref("users").child(user_id).set(name);

Finding exact matches

  • use equalTo() method to filter based on exact matches
    ref.orderByChild("height").equalTo(25).on("child_added", function(snapshot) {

Firebase Presence

  • The following is code for connections

  • A variable conectionsRef is used for referencing the /connections directory in Firebase:

// -------------------------------------------------------------- (CRITICAL - BLOCK) --------------------------- //
// connectionsRef references a specific location in our database.
// All of our connections will be stored in this directory.
var connectionsRef = database.ref("/connections");

// '.info/connected' is a special location provided by Firebase that is updated every time
// the client's connection state changes.
// '.info/connected' is a boolean value, true if the client is connected and false if they are not.
var connectedRef = database.ref(".info/connected");
  • When the client leaves the page.
    • .push(arg) is adding value to the database, not replacing it.
    • .onDisconnect().remove() removes the current client's value from Firebase, reducing the num count.
// When the client's connection state changes...
connectedRef.on("value", function(snap) {

  // If they are connected..
  if (snap.val()) {

    // Add user to the connections list.
    var con = connectionsRef.push(true);

    // Remove user from the connection list when they disconnect.

A listener When the connectionsRef count is updated

* the method `.numChildren()` is used to count the items in the object array in Firebase.
// When first loaded or when the connections list changes...
connectionsRef.on("value", function(snapshot) {

  // Display the viewer count in the html.
  // The number of online users is the number of children in the connections list.

// -------------------------------------------------------------- (CRITICAL - BLOCK) --------------------------- //


  • The Live Chat Tutorial from was very helpful.
    • Learned how to style the sent and reply messages.
    • Learned more about Anonymous Authentications for Offline Storage and Persistance.
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