Splits a URL into sub-domain, domain and the top-level domain.
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parse-domain

Splits a URL into sub-domain, domain and the top-level domain.

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Since domains are handled differently across different countries and organizations, splitting a URL into sub-domain, domain and top-level-domain parts is not a simple regexp. parse-domain uses a large list of known top-level domains from publicsuffix.org to recognize different parts of the domain.

This module uses a trie data structure under the hood to ensure the smallest possible library size and the fastest lookup. The library is roughly 30KB minified and gzipped. Since publicsuffix.org is frequently updated, the data structure is built on npm install as a postinstall hook. If something goes wrong during that step, the library falls back to a prebuilt list that has been built at the time of publishing.


Installation

npm install parse-domain

Usage

// import the module
const parseDomain = require("parse-domain");

// long subdomains can be handled
expect(parseDomain("some.subdomain.example.co.uk")).to.eql({
    subdomain: "some.subdomain",
    domain: "example",
    tld: "co.uk"
});

// protocols, usernames, passwords, ports, paths, queries and hashes are disregarded
expect(parseDomain("https://user:password@example.co.uk:8080/some/path?and&query#hash")).to.eql({
    subdomain: "",
    domain: "example",
    tld: "co.uk"
});

// unknown top-level domains are ignored
expect(parseDomain("unknown.tld.kk")).to.equal(null);

// invalid urls are also ignored
expect(parseDomain("invalid url")).to.equal(null);
expect(parseDomain({})).to.equal(null);

Introducing custom tlds

// custom top-level domains can optionally be specified
expect(parseDomain("mymachine.local",{ customTlds: ["local"] })).to.eql({
    subdomain: "",
    domain: "mymachine",
    tld: "local"
});

// custom regexps can optionally be specified (instead of customTlds)
expect(parseDomain("localhost",{ customTlds:/localhost|\.local/ })).to.eql({
    subdomain: "",
    domain: "",
    tld: "localhost"
});

It can sometimes be helpful to apply the customTlds argument using a helper function

function parseLocalDomains(url) {
    return parseDomain(url, {
        customTlds: /localhost|\.local/
    });
}

expect(parseLocalDomains("localhost")).to.eql({
    subdomain: "",
    domain: "",
    tld: "localhost"
});
expect(parseLocalDomains("mymachine.local")).to.eql({
    subdomain: "",
    domain: "mymachine",
    tld: "local"
});

API

parseDomain(url: string, options: ParseOptions): ParsedDomain|null

Returns null if url has an unknown tld or if it's not a valid url.

ParseOptions

{
    // A list of custom tlds that are first matched against the url.
    // Useful if you also need to split internal URLs like localhost.
    customTlds: RegExp|Array<string>,
    
    // There are lot of private domains that act like top-level domains,
    // like blogspot.com, googleapis.com or s3.amazonaws.com.
    // By default, these domains would be split into:
    // { subdomain: ..., domain: "blogspot", tld: "com" }
    // When this flag is set to true, the domain will be split into
    // { subdomain: ..., domain: ..., tld: "blogspot.com" }
    // See also https://github.com/peerigon/parse-domain/issues/4
    privateTlds: boolean - default: false
}

ParsedDomain

{
    tld: string,
    domain: string,
    subdomain: string
}

License

Unlicense

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