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bash-personnummer

Validate Swedish personal identity numbers with bash

Usage

The available methods are valid, format [bool:long], get_age, is_femal, is_male and is_coordination_number.

The API allows you to pass the personal identification number as an optional argument for all methods except valid. The code stores the parsed values interally (in variables prefixed with __personnummer to avoid collision) so as long as you start by calling valid (or the "internal" method __parse you can omit the argument.

Special case for format which takes a "boolean" (true-ish) value to format to long version. Although this is also handled which makes the way this method is called handled three cases.

Implicit usage without passing arugment

#!/usr/bin/env bash

set -eu

source personnummer.sh

some_input="${1:-}"
if ! valid "$some_input"; then
  echo "invalid input"
  exit 1
fi

gender="$(is_female && echo "female" || echo "male")"

printf "> The person with personal identity number %s is a %s of age %d\n" \
  "$(format)" "$gender" "$(get_age)"
$ my_program.sh 19900101-0017
> The person with personal identity number 900101-0017 is a male of age 30

A more explicit way

#!/usr/bin/env bash

set -eu

source personnummer.sh

# Getting gender with personal identification number as argument.
[ is_male "9001010017" ] && echo "It's a male"

# Formatting a personal identification number.
format "9001010017"   # 900101-0017
format "9001010017" 1 # 19900101-0017

# Validate to allow implicit usage.
valid "199001010017"
format                # 900101-0017
format 1              # 19900101-0017

# Get the age explicitly.
echo "The person is $(get_age "9001010017") years old"

# Check coordination number explicitly.
[ is_coordination_number "90010161+0017" ] && echo "It's a coordinational number"

Testing

Testing is done with critic.sh which is bundled in the repository. Just run test.sh for testing.