Igbinary is a drop in replacement for the standard php serializer. Check https://github.com/igbinary/igbinary for the freshest version
C PHP Shell
Failed to load latest commit information.
benchmark
tests Cleanup uneeded extension directive. Aug 29, 2014
.gitignore Rename package2.xml to package.xml Aug 29, 2014
.travis.yml
COPYING PECL stuff, updated COPYING Aug 28, 2014
CREDITS Update CREDITS Aug 28, 2014
ChangeLog Initial commit Mar 21, 2009
EXPERIMENTAL Initial commit Mar 21, 2009
Makefile.bench Add simple and remove ol benmarking scripts. Jul 22, 2012
NEWS Bump version to 1.2.2-dev Aug 29, 2014
README.md Bump version to 1.2.1 Aug 29, 2014
apc_serializer.h Fix ZTS. Oct 17, 2011
config.m4 PHP_SUBST in config.m4; Fix #33 Aug 28, 2014
config.w32 Use a faster hash function Jul 22, 2012
hash.h Cleanup whitespace Aug 28, 2014
hash_si.c Cleanup whitespace Aug 28, 2014
ig_win32.h - windows support Dec 31, 2010
igbinary.c use PHP_IGBINARY_VERSION, standard name, allow check during upload to… Aug 29, 2014
igbinary.h Bump version to 1.2.2-dev Aug 29, 2014
igbinary.php Initial commit Mar 21, 2009
igbinary.php.ini Add option to disable compacting of duplicate strings. Oct 2, 2009
igbinary.spec Another rm check Jan 1, 2010
package.xml Rename package2.xml to package.xml Aug 29, 2014
php_igbinary.h Cleanup whitespace Aug 28, 2014
tags.sh Initial commit Mar 21, 2009

README.md

igbinary

Build Status

Igbinary is a drop in replacement for the standard php serializer. Instead of time and space consuming textual representation, igbinary stores php data structures in compact binary form. Savings are significant when using memcached or similar memory based storages for serialized data. About 50% reduction in storage requirement can be expected. Specific number depends on your data.

Unserialization performance is at least on par with the standard PHP serializer. Serialization performance depends on the "compact_strings" option which enables duplicate string tracking. String are inserted to a hash table which adds some overhead. In usual scenarios this does not have much significance since usage pattern is "serialize rarely, unserialize often". With "compact_strings" option igbinary is usually a bit slower than the standard serializer. Without it, a bit faster.

Features

  • Supports same data types as the standard PHP serializer: null, bool, int, float, string, array and objects.
  • __autoload & unserialize_callback_func
  • __sleep & __wakeup
  • Serializable -interface
  • Data portability between platforms (32/64bit, endianess)
  • Tested on Linux amd64, Linux ARM, Mac OSX x86, HP-UX PA-RISC and NetBSD sparc64
  • Hooks up to APC opcode cache as a serialization handler (APC 3.1.7+)
  • Compatible with PHP 5.2 – 5.6

Implementation details

Storing complex PHP data structures like arrays of associative arrays with the standard PHP serializer is not very space efficient. The main reasons in order of significance are (at least in our applications):

  1. Array keys are repeated redundantly.
  2. Numerical values are plain text.
  3. Human readability adds some overhead.

Igbinary uses two specific strategies to minimize the size of the serialized output.

  1. Repetitive strings are stored only once. Collections of objects benefit significantly from this. See "compact_strings" option.

  2. Numerical values are stored in the smallest primitive data type available: 123 = int8_t, 1234 = int16_t, 123456 = int32_t ... and so on.

  3. ( Well, it is not human readable ;)

How to use

Add the following lines to your php.ini:

; Load igbinary extension
extension=igbinary.so

; Use igbinary as session serializer
session.serialize_handler=igbinary

; Enable or disable compacting of duplicate strings
; The default is On.
igbinary.compact_strings=On

; Use igbinary as serializer in APC cache (3.1.7 or later)
;apc.serializer=igbinary

.. and in your php code replace serialize and unserialize function calls with igbinary_serialize and igbinary_unserialize.

Installing

Note: Sometimes phpize must be substituted with phpize5. In such cases the following option must be given to configure script: "--with-php-config=.../php-config5"

  1. phpize
  2. `./configure:
    • With GCC: ./configure CFLAGS="-O2 -g" --enable-igbinary
    • With ICC (Intel C Compiler) ./configure CFLAGS=" -no-prec-div -O3 -xO -unroll2 -g" CC=icc --enable-igbinary
    • With clang: ./configure CC=clang CFLAGS="-O0 -g" --enable-igbinary
  3. make
  4. make test
  5. make install
  6. igbinary.so is installed to the default extension directory

To run APCu test

# go to modules directory
cd modules

# ... and create symlink to apcu extension
# it will be loaded during test suite
/opt/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20121212/apcu.so

Similar approach should work for APC.

Bugs & Contributions

Mailing list for bug reports and other development discussion can be found at http://groups.google.com/group/igbinary

Fill bug reports at https://github.com/igbinary/igbinary/issues

The preferred ways for contributions are pull requests and email patches (in git format). Feel free to fork at http://github.com/igbinary/igbinary

Utilizing in other extensions

Igbinary can be called from other extensions fairly easily. Igbinary installs its header file to ext/igbinary/igbinary.h. There are just two straighforward functions: igbinary_serialize and igbinary_unserialize. Look at igbinary.h for prototypes and usage.

Add PHP_ADD_EXTENSION_DEP(yourextension, igbinary) to your config.m4 in case someone wants to compile both of them statically into php.

Trivia

Where does the name "igbinary" come from? There was once a similar project called fbinary but it has disappeared from the Internet a long time ago. Its architecture wasn't particularly clean either. IG is an abbreviation for a finnish social networking site IRC-Galleria (http://irc-galleria.net/)