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For a quick run, have a look at INSTALL

For a softer introduction to the project, please have a look at

This project provide a proof of an "inner sandbox" in the way of the
Google Nativ eClient project. It is fully implemented in Coq (except
some 50 lines of OCaml glue). It can then be extracted to OCaml code
and executed on "real" binary code.

The code is (as much as possible) split between TCB (trusted code
base) and NTCB (non trusted code base). The idea is that code in the
NTCB directory does not need to be read to believe the validator,
whereas the code in TCB should be carefully reviewed (it is important
to note that when a theorem is in a file in the TCB directory, only
its statement has to be trusted, the proof itself being checked by

The final theorem, in ValidatorProp.v in

  Theorem validator_dividable_no_danger:
    forall ll, validate_program ll = true ->
    forall st,
      memory_compat_addr_ll header_size ll st.(state_mem) ->
      dividable_by_32 st.(state_pc) ->
      ~accessible_danger (N_of_nat (ll_length ll)) st.

It says that for any state with a pc dividable by 32, the execution
cannot reach a "bad state" if the validator returned true, and the
initial memory contains the code that has been validated

I tried to give a semantic as close to the machine as possible, with a
memory that is a map from addresses to bytes, and the state of a
machine with a memory and registers.

Binary definition are given in Binary*.v
Memory operations are described in Memory*.v

The prerequisite on the semantic of assembly language and the
resulting potential semantics for the programs are in Semantics and

The validator and its proof are in Validator (outside of the TCB), and
the relevant theorems are re stated in ValidatorProp (in the TCB)

A toy assembly language (showing that the prerequisite are realistic)
is given in ASM.v

Performance tests of the extracted validator show that on a Intel(R)
Core(TM)2 Duo CPU E6850 @ 3.00GHz, the rate is around 400KB/s

To run tests: make test

A small assembly can be found in assembly


Formally Proved Native Client



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