UI for TokenBridge, an interoperability solution between Ethereum networks for native and ERC tokens
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README.md

POA Bridge - User Interface (UI) Application

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Welcome to the POA Bridge! Following is an overview of the POA Bridge and Bridge UI Application, as well as basic instructions for getting started.

POA Bridge Overview

The POA Bridge allows users to transfer assets between two chains in the Ethereum ecosystem. It is composed of several elements which are located in different POA Network repositories.

For a complete picture of the POA Bridge functionality, it is useful to explore each repository.

Bridge Elements

  1. Bridge UI Application. A DApp interface to transfer tokens and coins between chains, located in this repository.
  2. Bridge Smart Contracts. Solidity contracts used to manage bridge validators, collect signatures, and confirm asset relay and disposal.
  3. Token Bridge. The token bridge oracle written in NodeJS.
  4. Bridge Monitor. A tool for checking balances and unprocessed events in bridged networks.
  5. Bridge Deployment Playbooks. Manages configuration instructions for remote deployments and allows you to deploy separate bridge instances for validators.

Bridge UI Application

The UI provides an intuitive interface for assets transfer between networks running the Bridge smart contracts. Users can connect to a web3 wallet such as Nifty Wallet or MetaMask and complete the transfer through a web browser.

The current implementation allows for several bridge modes.

  1. Native-to-ERC20 Coins on a Home network can be converted to ERC20-compatible tokens on a Foreign network. Coins are locked on the Home side and the corresponding amount of ERC20 tokens are minted on the Foreign side. When the operation is reversed, tokens are burnt on the Foreign side and unlocked in the Home network.
  2. ERC20-to-ERC20 ERC20-compatible tokens on the Foreign network are locked and minted as ERC20-compatible tokens (ERC677 tokens) on the Home network. When transferred from Home to Foreign, they are burnt on the Home side and unlocked in the Foreign network. This can be considered a form of atomic swap when a user swaps the token "X" in network "A" to the token "Y" in network "B".

Bridge UI

UI Features

  • Shows daily limits in both networks
  • Displays all events in both networks
  • Filter events from a specific block number on both sides of the bridge
  • Find a corresponding event on different sides of the bridge
  • Submit a transaction from Home to Foreign network
  • Submit a transaction from Foreign to Home network

User Transactions

  • Connect to the network you want to transfer coins from using a web3 wallet such as Nifty Wallet or MetaMask. This can be the Home or Foreign network.

The wallet must be funded to cover gas costs related to the transfer. With the Native-to-ERC20 bridge, the wallet must contain the amount to transfer, and with the ERC20-to-ERC20 bridge, the wallet must contain tokens linked with the network you are transferring from.

Process

  • Specify the amount to send.
  • Click the Transfer button.
  • Confirm the transaction via the web3 wallet.

The same address is used to send a coin from the Home network and receive a token on the Foreign Network. In order to send assets in the opposite direction, change the network in the web3 wallet. This will change the bridge interface to show the selected network on the left side of the bridge.

Web3 Wallet Change Network

Resources

Some of the following resources are outdated, but provide a general sense of the UI and transactional flow.

Getting Started

The following is an example setup using the POA Sokol testnet as the Home network, and the Ethereum Kovan testnet as the Foreign network. The instructions for the Bridge UI are identical for an ERC20-to-ERC20 configuration, but the smart contract deployment steps will vary.

Dependencies

Example Setup

  1. Create an empty folder for setting up your bridge. In this example we call it sokol-kovan-bridge. mkdir sokol-kovan-bridge && cd sokol-kovan-bridge

  2. Prepare temporary ETH address(es) for deployment by creating new account(s) in Nifty Wallet or MetaMask. See the wallet resources if you need more information on this step. This account is used:

    • for deploying bridge contracts to both networks
    • as the bridge contracts management wallet
    • as the validator's wallet address(es)
  3. Fund the test account(s).

    • Fund Home account(s) using the POA Sokol Faucet
    • Get free Kovan Coins from the gitter channel or Iracus faucet for Foreign account(s). Get 5 Keth to 1 acc, and transfer from there to all other wallets if more than one account is used.
  4. Deploy the Sokol <-> Kovan Bridge contracts.

    • Go to the the sokol-kovan-bridge folder created in step 1 and git clone https://github.com/poanetwork/poa-bridge-contracts
    • Follow instructions in the POA Bridge contracts repo.
    • Set the parameters in the .env file.
      • DEPLOYMENT_ACCOUNT_PRIVATE_KEY: Export the private key from step 2
      • HOME_RPC_URL=https://sokol.poa.network
      • Wallet address(es) for bridge contracts management. For testing, you can use the same address for all address values in the file. This includes:
        • HOME_OWNER_MULTISIG
        • HOME_UPGRADEABLE_ADMIN_VALIDATORS
        • HOME_UPGRADEABLE_ADMIN_BRIDGE
        • FOREIGN_OWNER_MULTISIG
        • FOREIGN_UPGRADEABLE_ADMIN_VALIDATORS
        • FOREIGN_UPGRADEABLE_ADMIN_BRIDGE
        • VALIDATORS Note: Wallet address(es) for validator(s) are separated by a space. For testing, you can use the same address that was used as the bridge contracts management account.
      • FOREIGN_RPC_URL=https://kovan.infura.io/mew
    • When deployment is finished, check that the bridgeDeploymentResults.json file exists in the poa-bridge-contracts/deploy directory and includes the bridge contract addresses.
  5. Install and run the POA Token Bridge.

    • Got to the sokol-kovan-bridge folder and git clone https://github.com/poanetwork/token-bridge
    • Follow instructions in the POA Token Bridge repo.

If successful, you will see bridge processes run when you issue a command. For example, run npm run watcher:signature-request

Example NPM Output:

[1539195000507] INFO (watcher-signature-request): Connected to redis
[1539195000545] INFO (watcher-signature-request): Connected to amqp Broker
[1539195006085] INFO (watcher-signature-request): Found 0 UserRequestForSignature events
[1539195011467] INFO (watcher-signature-request): Found 0 UserRequestForSignature events

Example Docker Output:

Note: The output will depend on your Docker configuration. You may need to access the container logs to view.

{"level":30,"time":1539366879816,"msg":"Connected to redis","validator":"0x..........","name":"watcher-signature-request","v":1}
{"level":30,"time":1539366879880,"msg":"Connected to amqp Broker","validator":"0x..........","name":"watcher-signature-request","v":1}
{"level":30,"time":1539366885587,"msg":"Found 0 UserRequestForSignature events","validator":"0x..........","name":"watcher-signature-request","v":1}
  1. Keep the bridge processes running. Open a separate terminal window and go to the sokol-kovan-bridge folder to install and unpack this repository.

    • git clone https://github.com/poanetwork/bridge-ui.git
    • cd bridge-ui
    • Update submodules
      git submodule update --init --recursive --remote
    • Install dependencies
      npm install
    • Create a .env file from the example file.env.example
      cp .env.example .env
    • Insert the addresses from the bridgeDeploymentResults.json file into the .env file. cat ../poa-bridge-contracts/deploy/bridgeDeploymentResults.json
    # HomeBridge address in bridgeDeploymentResults.json
    REACT_APP_HOME_BRIDGE_ADDRESS=0x.. 
    # ForeignBridge address in bridgeDeploymentResults.json
    REACT_APP_FOREIGN_BRIDGE_ADDRESS=0x..
    # https public RPC node for Foreign network
    REACT_APP_FOREIGN_HTTP_PARITY_URL=https://kovan.infura.io/mew
    # public RPC node for Home network 
    REACT_APP_HOME_HTTP_PARITY_URL=https://sokol.poa.network 

Explanation:

Name Description
REACT_APP_HOME_BRIDGE_ADDRESS address that you have deployed at step#3. Should also be recorded at sokol-kovan-bridge/poa-bridge-contracts/deploy/bridgeDeploymentResults.json
REACT_APP_FOREIGN_BRIDGE_ADDRESS address that you have deployed at step#3.
REACT_APP_FOREIGN_HTTP_PARITY_URL http public rpc node for Foreign Network
REACT_APP_HOME_HTTP_PARITY_URL http public rpc node for Foreign Network
REACT_APP_HOME_NATIVE_NAME name of the home native coin
REACT_APP_HOME_NETWORK_NAME name to be displayed for home network
REACT_APP_FOREIGN_NETWORK_NAME name to be displayed for foreign network
REACT_APP_HOME_WITHOUT_EVENTS true if home network doesn't support events
REACT_APP_FOREIGN_WITHOUT_EVENTS true if foreign network doesn't support events
REACT_APP_HOME_EXPLORER_TX_TEMPLATE template link to transaction on home explorer. %s will be replaced by transaction hash
REACT_APP_FOREIGN_EXPLORER_TX_TEMPLATE template link to transaction on foreign explorer. %s will be replaced by transaction hash
REACT_APP_HOME_EXPLORER_ADDRESS_TEMPLATE template link to address on home explorer. %s will be replaced by address
REACT_APP_FOREIGN_EXPLORER_ADDRESS_TEMPLATE template link to address on foreign explorer. %s will be replaced by address
REACT_APP_HOME_GAS_PRICE_ORACLE_URL The URL used to get a JSON response from the gas price prediction oracle for Home network.
REACT_APP_HOME_GAS_PRICE_SPEED_TYPE Gas Price speed (slow, standard, fast, instant)
REACT_APP_HOME_GAS_PRICE_FALLBACK The gas price (in Wei) that is used if both the oracle and the fall back gas price specified in the Home Bridge contract are not available.
REACT_APP_HOME_GAS_PRICE_UPDATE_INTERVAL An interval in milliseconds used to get the updated gas price value either from the oracle or from the Home Bridge contract.
REACT_APP_FOREIGN_GAS_PRICE_ORACLE_URL The URL used to get a JSON response from the gas price prediction oracle for Foreign network.
REACT_APP_FOREIGN_GAS_PRICE_SPEED_TYPE Gas Price speed (slow, standard, fast, instant)
REACT_APP_FOREIGN_GAS_PRICE_FALLBACK The gas price (in Wei) that is used if both the oracle and the fall back gas price specified in the Foreign Bridge contract are not available.
REACT_APP_FOREIGN_GAS_PRICE_UPDATE_INTERVAL An interval in milliseconds used to get the updated gas price value either from the oracle or from the Foreign Bridge contract.
REACT_APP_DESCRIPTION The meta description for the deployed bridge page
  • Run npm run start
  • Make sure your web3 wallet (Nifty Wallet or MetaMask) is funded and connected to the POA Sokol Network (see step 2)
  • Specify an amount and click Transfer to complete a cross-chain transaction from Sokol to Kovan

Testing

To run tests

npm run test

To run tests with coverage

npm run coverage

Contributing

See the CONTRIBUTING document for contribution, testing and pull request protocol.

License

License: LGPL v3.0

This project is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License v3.0. See the LICENSE file for details.