A Chef cookbook to provide a unified interface for installing Python, managing Python packages, and creating virtualenvs.
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README.md

Poise-Python Cookbook

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A Chef cookbook to provide a unified interface for installing Python, managing Python packages, and creating virtualenvs.

Quick Start

To install the latest available version of Python 2 and then use it to create a virtualenv and install some packages:

python_runtime '2'

python_virtualenv '/opt/myapp/.env'

python_package 'Django' do
  version '1.8'
end

pip_requirements '/opt/myapp/requirements.txt'

Installing a Package From a URI

While using python_package 'git+https://github.com/example/mypackage.git' will sometimes work, this approach is not recommended. Unfortunately pip's support for installing directly from URI sources is limited and cannot support the API used for the python_package resource. You can run the install either directly from the URI or through an intermediary git resource:

# Will re-install on every converge unless you add a not_if/only_if.
python_execute '-m pip install git+https://github.com/example/mypackage.git'

# Will only re-install when the git repository updates.
python_execute 'install mypackage' do
  action :nothing
  command '-m pip install .'
  cwd '/opt/mypackage'
end
git '/opt/mypackage' do
  repository 'https://github.com/example/mypackage.git'
  notifies :run, 'python_execute[install mypackage]', :immediately
end

Supported Python Versions

This cookbook can install at least Python 2.7, Python 3, and PyPy on all supported platforms (Debian, Ubuntu, RHEL, CentOS, Fedora).

Windows Support

The latest version of poise-python includes basic support for managing Python on Windows. This currently doesn't support Python 3.5, but everything should be working. Consider this support tested but experimental at this time.

Requirements

Chef 12.1 or newer is required.

Attributes

Attributes are used to configure the default recipe.

  • node['poise-python']['install_python2'] – Install a Python 2.x runtime. (default: true)
  • node['poise-python']['install_python3'] – Install a Python 3.x runtime. (default: false)
  • node['poise-python']['install_pypy'] – Install a PyPy runtime. (default: false)

Recipes

default

The default recipe installs Python 2, 3, and/or PyPy based on the node attributes. It is entirely optional and can be ignored in favor of direct use of the python_runtime resource.

Resources

python_runtime

The python_runtime resource installs a Python interpreter.

python_runtime '2'

Actions

  • :install – Install the Python interpreter. (default)
  • :uninstall – Uninstall the Python interpreter.

Properties

  • version – Version of Python to install. If a partial version is given, use the latest available version matching that prefix. (name property)
  • get_pip_url – URL to download the get-pip.py bootstrap script from. (default: https://bootstrap.pypa.io/get-pip.py)
  • pip_version – Version of pip to install. If set to true, use the latest. If set to false, do not install pip. For backward compatibility, can also be set to a URL instead of get_pip_url. (default: true)
  • setuptools_version – Version of Setuptools to install. If set to true, use the latest. If set to false, do not install Setuptools. (default: true)
  • virtualenv_version – Version of virtualenv to install. If set to true, use the latest. If set to false, do not install virtualenv. Will never be installed if the venv module is already available, such as on Python 3. (default: true)
  • wheel_version – Version of wheel to install. If set to true, use the latest. If set to false, do not install wheel.

Provider Options

The poise-python library offers an additional way to pass configuration information to the final provider called "options". Options are key/value pairs that are passed down to the python_runtime provider and can be used to control how it installs Python. These can be set in the python_runtime resource using the options method, in node attributes or via the python_runtime_options resource. The options from all sources are merged together in to a single hash.

When setting options in the resource you can either set them for all providers:

python_runtime 'myapp' do
  version '2.7'
  options pip_version: false
end

or for a single provider:

python_runtime 'myapp' do
  version '2.7'
  options :system, dev_package: false
end

Setting via node attributes is generally how an end-user or application cookbook will set options to customize installations in the library cookbooks they are using. You can set options for all installations or for a single runtime:

# Global, for all installations.
override['poise-python']['options']['pip_version'] = false
# Single installation.
override['poise-python']['myapp']['version'] = 'pypy'

The python_runtime_options resource is also available to set node attributes for a specific installation in a DSL-friendly way:

python_runtime_options 'myapp' do
  version '3'
end

Unlike resource attributes, provider options can be different for each provider. Not all providers support the same options so make sure to the check the documentation for each provider to see what options the use.

python_runtime_options

The python_runtime_options resource allows setting provider options in a DSL-friendly way. See the Provider Options section for more information about provider options overall.

python_runtime_options 'myapp' do
  version '3'
end

Actions

  • :run – Apply the provider options. (default)

Properties

  • resource – Name of the python_runtime resource. (name property)
  • for_provider – Provider to set options for.

All other attribute keys will be used as options data.

python_execute

The python_execute resource executes a Python script using the configured runtime.

python_execute 'myapp.py' do
  user 'myuser'
end

This uses the built-in execute resource and supports all the same properties.

Actions

  • :run – Execute the script. (default)

Properties

  • command – Script and arguments to run. Must not include the python. (name attribute)
  • python – Name of the python_runtime resource to use. If not specified, the most recently declared python_runtime will be used. Can also be set to the full path to a python binary.
  • virtualenv – Name of the python_virtualenv resource to use. This is mutually exclusive with the python property.

For other properties see the Chef documentation.

python_package

The python_package resource installs Python packages using pip.

python_package 'Django' do
  version '1.8'
end

This uses the built-in package resource and supports the same actions and properties. Multi-package installs are supported using the standard syntax.

Actions

  • :install – Install the package. (default)
  • :upgrade – Install using the --upgrade flag.
  • :remove – Uninstall the package.

The :purge and :reconfigure actions are not supported.

Properties

  • group – System group to install the package.
  • package_name – Package or packages to install. (name property)
  • version – Version or versions to install.
  • python – Name of the python_runtime resource to use. If not specified, the most recently declared python_runtime will be used. Can also be set to the full path to a python binary.
  • user – System user to install the package.
  • virtualenv – Name of the python_virtualenv resource to use. This is mutually exclusive with the python property.
  • options – Options to pass to pip.
  • install_options – Options to pass to pip install (and similar commands).
  • list_options – Options to pass to pip list (and similar commands).

For other properties see the Chef documentation. The response_file, response_file_variables, and source properties are not supported.

python_virtualenv

The python_virtualenv resource creates Python virtual environments.

python_virtualenv '/opt/myapp'

This will use the venv module if available, or virtualenv otherwise.

Actions

  • :create – Create the virtual environment. (default)
  • :delete – Delete the virtual environment.

Properties

  • group – System group to create the virtualenv.
  • path – Path to create the environment at. (name property)
  • pip_version – Version of pip to install. If set to true, use the latest. If set to false, do not install pip. Can also be set to a URL to a copy of the get-pip.py script. (default: true)
  • python – Name of the python_runtime resource to use. If not specified, the most recently declared python_runtime will be used. Can also be set to the full path to a python binary.
  • setuptools_version – Version of Setuptools to install. If set to true, use the latest. If set to false, do not install Setuptools. (default: true)
  • system_site_packages – Enable or disable visibilty of system packages in the environment. (default: false)
  • user – System user to create the virtualenv.
  • wheel_version – Version of wheel to install. If set to true, use the latest. If set to false, do not install wheel.

pip_requirements

The pip_requirements resource installs packages based on a requirements.txt file.

pip_requirements '/opt/myapp/requirements.txt'

The underlying pip install command will run on every converge, but notifications will only be triggered if a package is actually installed.

Actions

  • :install – Install the requirements. (default)
  • :upgrade – Install using the --upgrade flag.

Properties

  • path – Path to the requirements file, or a folder containing the requirements file. (name property)
  • cwd – Directory to run pip from. (default: directory containing the requirements.txt)
  • group – System group to install the packages.
  • options – Command line options for use with pip install.
  • python – Name of the python_runtime resource to use. If not specified, the most recently declared python_runtime will be used. Can also be set to the full path to a python binary.
  • user – System user to install the packages.
  • virtualenv – Name of the python_virtualenv resource to use. This is mutually exclusive with the python property.

Python Providers

Common Options

These provider options are supported by all providers.

  • pip_version – Override the pip version.
  • setuptools_version – Override the Setuptools version.
  • version – Override the Python version.
  • virtualenv_version – Override the virtualenv version.
  • wheel_version – Override the wheel version.

system

The system provider installs Python using system packages. This is currently only tested on platforms using apt-get and yum (Debian, Ubuntu, RHEL, CentOS Amazon Linux, and Fedora) and is a default provider on those platforms. It may work on other platforms but is untested.

python_runtime 'myapp' do
  provider :system
  version '2.7'
end

Options

  • dev_package – Install the package with the headers and other development files. Can be set to a string to select the dev package specifically. (default: true)
  • package_name – Override auto-detection of the package name.
  • package_upgrade – Install using action :upgrade. (default: false)
  • package_version – Override auto-detection of the package version.

scl

The scl provider installs Python using the Software Collections packages. This is only available on RHEL, CentOS, and Fedora. SCL offers more recent versions of Python than the system packages for the most part. If an SCL package exists for the requested version, it will be used in preference to the system provider.

python_runtime 'myapp' do
  provider :scl
  version '3.4'
end

portable_pypy

The portable_pypy provider installs Python using the Portable PyPy packages. These are only available for Linux, but should work on any Linux OS.

python_runtime 'myapp' do
  provider :portable_pypy
  version 'pypy'
end

portable_pypy3

The portable_pypy3 provider installs Python 3 using the Portable PyPy packages. These are only available for Linux, but should work on any Linux OS.

python_runtime 'myapp' do
  provider :portable_pypy3
  version 'pypy3'
end

Options

  • folder – Folder to install PyPy in. (default: /opt/)
  • url – URL to download the package from. (default: automatic)

deadsnakes

Coming soon!

python-build

Coming soon!

Upgrading from the python Cookbook

The older python cookbook is not directly compatible with this one, but the broad strokes overlap well. The python::default recipe is roughly equivalent to the poise-python::default recipe. The python::pip and python::virtualenv recipes are no longer needed as installing those things is now part of the python_runtime resource. The python::package recipe corresponds with the system provider for the python_runtime resource, and can generally be replaced with poise-python::default. At this time there is no provider to install from source so there is no replacement for the python::source recipe, however this is planned for the future via a python-build provider.

The python_pip resource can be replaced with python_package, though the environment property has been removed. The python_virtualenv resource can remain unchanged except for the interpreter property now being python and the options property has been removed.

Sponsors

Development sponsored by Bloomberg.

The Poise test server infrastructure is sponsored by Rackspace.

License

Copyright 2015-2017, Noah Kantrowitz

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.