cron-job.org Open Source project
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README.md

cron-job.org

Structure

  • database contains the MySQL database structure.
  • chronos is cron-job.org's cron job execution daemon and is responsible for fetching the jobs.
  • web contains the web interface (coming soon)

chronos

Concept

chronos checks the MySQL database every minute to collect all jobs to execute. For every minute, a thread is spawned which processes all the jobs. Actual HTTP fetching is done using the excellent CURL multi library with libev as library used to provide the event loop. Together with the c-ares resovler this allows for thousands of parallel HTTP requests.

cron-job.org supports storing the job results for the user's convenience. This can quickly lead to I/O bottleneck when storing the result data in a MySQL database. (Which also has the downside that cleaning up old entries is extremely expensive.) To solve this issue, chronos stores the results in per-user per-day SQLite databases. Cleaning up old entries is as easy as deleting the corresponding day's databases.

The whole software is optimized on performance rather than on data integrity, i.e. when your server crashes or you have a power outage / hardware defect, the job history is most likely lost. Since this is volatile data anyway, it's not considered a big issue.

Prerequisites

In order to build chronos, you need development files of:

  • curl (preferably with c-ares as resolver)
  • libev
  • mysqlclient
  • sqlite3

To build, you need a C++14 compiler and cmake.

Building

  1. Create and enter a build folder: mkdir build && cd build
  2. Run cmake: cmake -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release ..
  3. Build the project: make

Running

  1. Ensure you've imported the DB scheme from the database folder
  2. Customize chronos.cfg according to your system (especially add your MySQL login)
  3. Execute ./chronos /path/to/chronos.cfg

General notes

  • Web interface and jitter correction algorithm are still missing in this repository and will be added as soon as they've been refactored to a presentable state.
  • We strongly recommend to build CURL using the c-ares resolver. Otherwise every request might spawn its own thread for DNS resolving and your machine will run out of resources very soon.
  • Before running chronos, ensure that the limit of open files/sockets is not set too low. You might want to run ulimit -n 65536 or similar first.
  • If data integrity is not important for you, we highly recommend to set innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit=0 and innodb_flush_method=O_DIRECT in your MySQL config for best performance. Otherwise the update thread (which is responsible for storing the job resuls) might lag behind the actual job executions quite soon.
  • Parts of the source are quite old and from early stages of the project and might require a refactoring sooner or later.