Skip to content


Switch branches/tags

Latest commit


Git stats


Failed to load latest commit information.

Build Status Coverage Status PyPI version


Pynag, a tool and a library for managing Nagios/Naemon configuration and provides a framework to write plugins.

Pynag command-line utility offers the following features:

  • list python object definitions (e.g. list all hosts/services)
  • create new object definitions from command line
  • copy object definitions
  • remove object definitions
  • edit nagios.cfg from command-line

Pynag also has the following modules:

  • Model - Easy way to work with configuration as python objects
  • Plugins - convenience classes for writing python plugins
  • Parsers - Various parsers for Nagios configuration files
  • Control - Control of Nagios/Naemon daemon


Using fedora/redhat:

yum install pynag

Using debian/ubuntu:

apt-get install python-pynag pynag

Using pip:

pip install pynag

Install latest git repository from source:

git clone
cd pynag
python build
python install

Getting started

List all services:

import pynag.Model
all_services pynag.Model.Service.objects.all
for i in all_services:
	print i.host_name, i.service_description

Change an address of a host:

import pynag.Model
myhost = pynag.Model.Host.objects.get_by_shortname('')
myhost.address = ''
# See what the host definition looks like after change:
print myhost

Create a new ssh service check for every host in the unix hostgroup:

import pynag.Model
hosts = pynag.Model.Host.objects.filter(hostgroup="unixservers")
for host in hosts:
    new_service = pynag.Model.Service()
    new_service.host_name = host.host_name
    new_service.service_description = "SSH Connectivity"
    new_service.check_command = "check_ssh"
    # optionally control where new object is saved:
    new_service.set_filename( host.get_filename() )

Further Documentation

We blatantly admit that documentation is scarce in pynag. Most of the documentation is in-line in pydoc strings in the respective python modules.

Any help with improving the documentation is much appreciated. For more documentation see

Pynag Command Line Tool

Pynag also comes with a command-line tool that gives good examples what is possible with the library. Some example commands:

list all hosts and their ip address:

pynag list host_name address where object_type=host

Change contactgroup for all services for a particular host:

pynag update set contactgroups=admins where host_name="myhost" and object_type=service

Copy a host, give it a new hostname and ip address:

pynag copy set host_name=newhost address=newaddress where object_type=host and host_name=oldhost
# Same for all its services:
pynag copy set host_name=newhost where object_type=service and host_name=oldhost

Known Issues

Model module's get_effective_* functions are not complete if your configuration is using regular expressions. For example, pynag.Model.Service.get_effective_hosts will fail on the following service definition:

define service {
    service_description check http
    check_command check_http
    host_name www*

Same applies for exemptions like this one:

define service {
    service_description check http
    check_command check_http
    hostgroup_name webservers
    host_name !dmzhost1,dmzhost2

Who uses pynag

There are a few open source projects out there that use pynag. The ones we know of are:

  • Adagios: Impressive web configuration and status interface
  • Okconfig: Monitoring pack generator for Nagios
  • RESTlos: generic RESTful api for nagios-like monitoring systems

Pynag is also used by lots of plugins around the world including:

  • check_ipa/check_ipa_replication

Know of more projects using pynag ? Contact us and we'll add them here.

Contact us

If you need any help, want to contribute or just want to talk about pynag you can find us on one of the following: