pytest plugin for URL based tests
Python

README.rst

pytest-base-url

pytest-base-url is a simple plugin for pytest that provides an optional base URL via the command line or configuration file.

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Requirements

You will need the following prerequisites in order to use pytest-base-url:

  • Python 2.6, 2.7, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, PyPy, or PyPy3
  • py.test 2.7 or newer

Installation

To install pytest-base-url:

$ pip install pytest-base-url

Specifying a Base URL

Rather than repeating or abstracting a base URL in your tests, pytest-base-url provides a base_url fixture that returns the specified base URL.

import urllib2

def test_example(base_url):
    assert 200 == urllib2.urlopen(base_url).getcode()

Using the Command Line

You can specify the base URL on the command line:

$ py.test --base-url http://www.example.com

Using a Configuration File

You can specify the base URL using a configuration file:

[pytest]
base_url = http://www.example.com

Using an Environment Variable

You can specify the base URL by setting the PYTEST_BASE_URL environment variable.

Using a Fixture

If your test harness takes care of launching an instance of your application under test, you may not have a predictable base URL to provide on the command line. Fortunately, it's easy to override the base_url fixture and return the correct URL to your test.

In the following example a live_server fixture is used to start the application and live_server.url returns the base URL of the site.

import urllib2
import pytest

@pytest.fixture
def base_url(live_server):
    return live_server.url

def test_search(base_url):
    assert 200 == urllib2.urlopen('{0}/search'.format(base_url)).getcode()

Available Live Servers

It's relatively simple to create your own live_server fixture, however you may be able to take advantage of one of the following:

  • Django applications can use pytest-django's live_server fixture.
  • Flask applications can use pytest-flask's live_server fixture.

Verifying the Base URL

If you specify a base URL for a site that's unavailable then all tests using that base URL will likely fail. To avoid running every test in this instance, you can enable base URL verification. This will check the base URL is responding before proceeding with the test suite. To enable this, specify the --verify-base-url command line option or set the VERIFY_BASE_URL environment variable to TRUE.

Skipping Base URLs

You can skip tests based on the value of the base URL so long as it is provided either by the command line or in a configuration file:

import urllib2
import pytest

@pytest.mark.skipif(
    'dev' in pytest.config.getoption('base_url'),
    reason='Search not available on dev')
def test_search(base_url):
    assert 200 == urllib2.urlopen('{0}/search'.format(base_url)).getcode()

Unfortunately if the URL is provided by a fixture, there is no way to know this value at test collection.

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